(1) A double-blind study, in which neither the patient nor : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# (1) A double-blind study, in which neither the patient nor

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(1) A double-blind study, in which neither the patient nor [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2004, 14:33
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2. (1) A double-blind study, in which neither the patient nor the primary researcher knows whether the patient is being given the drug being tested or a placebo, is the most effective procedure for testing the efficacy of a drug. (2) But we will not be able to perform such a study on this new drug, since the drug will have various effects on the patientsâ€™ bodies, which will make us aware of whether the patients are getting the drug or a placebo.

The two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

(A) The first is a general consideration that introduces the argument; the second is a special situation that weighs against the first.
(B) The first is a general principle that is necessary for this argument; the second is an anti-consideration that the argument includes.
(C) The first is a premise that this argument includes; the second is a main idea that can be drawn from this argument.
(D) The first is an evidence that this argument includes; the second is a conclusion that can not be drawn from this argument.
(E) The first is a general situation that supports this argument; the second is a conclusion that can be drawn from a special fact.
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21 Aug 2004, 15:08
I'll go with C and will explain if it's right
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Paul

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21 Aug 2004, 15:11
no idea if its right i dont have any OA's just this file of bold face crs which i got from the forum
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21 Aug 2004, 15:23
A) The first part is a premise of the argument, not a general consideration. Moreover, the second part is not a special situation; it is something that can be directly drawn from the first.
B) no principle at all here
D) the second CAN be drawn from the first because if neither the patient NOR the researcher knows what is being given, the risk of such an experiment is too high: this is confirmed by the second bold face portion
E) The first is just the premise of the argument, it does not support anything. Furthermore, the second can be drawn from the first as a whole; it is no special instance of the first (it does not need any special fact of the first as it is just a generalization from what the first bold face gives)
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Paul

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23 Aug 2004, 12:48
A.

C - Second bold statement is not the main idea.
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23 Aug 2004, 12:59
Geethu wrote:
A.

C - Second bold statement is not the main idea.

I totally disagree here. C is the main idea: the drug test will never be tested. This is what the central point of the excerpt is. Just a hint: Remove everything else except BF2 and you will see the main idea: We will not be able to perform those drug tests because the effects are unknown and risky. Now, remove everything except BF1: you have ONLY a brief description, a premise, of what the drug test is about. It is in no way the main idea of the passage since there is nothing suggested here. I am adamant about C
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Last edited by Paul on 23 Aug 2004, 13:11, edited 1 time in total.
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23 Aug 2004, 13:05
I'll go D, ill explain if correct.
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23 Aug 2004, 13:14
SigEpUCI wrote:
I'll go D, ill explain if correct.

there are no OA so all we can do is debate on this question
Sige, I don't agree with D. BF1 says that neither the patient nor the researcher knows what is being given. Can we not conclude from that that it is plain too risky to test the drug in question because the effects could be catastrophic if the wrong drug is given? Hence, can we not know the conclusion right from BF1?
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Paul

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23 Aug 2004, 14:58
After re-reading it, I agree with you Paul. C is the answer, as the conclusion is logically drawn.

I misread it to conclude that "no drug can be tested with a double blind study", not as "this drug (which supported by evidence) can be tested with a double blind study".

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12 Feb 2007, 01:38
bumping up this old one for discussion again. I am going with A. I cannot see how C can be right. I think this is a special situation because the author talks about "this new drug".
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12 Feb 2007, 07:41
Paul wrote:
Geethu wrote:
A.

C - Second bold statement is not the main idea.

I totally disagree here. C is the main idea: the drug test will never be tested. This is what the central point of the excerpt is. Just a hint: Remove everything else except BF2 and you will see the main idea: We will not be able to perform those drug tests because the effects are unknown and risky. Now, remove everything except BF1: you have ONLY a brief description, a premise, of what the drug test is about. It is in no way the main idea of the passage since there is nothing suggested here. I am adamant about C

The main idea is not that the drug will never be tested. The main idea is to show that the particular method od testing may not be viable for the drug. In my view the bf introduces the background for the argument and the second bf introduces a special case that weighs against the generalization made by the first.

I also believe A is a better answer.
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12 Feb 2007, 08:25
One more A guys.
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Re: (1) A double-blind study, in which neither the patient nor [#permalink]

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25 Dec 2014, 13:51
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Re: (1) A double-blind study, in which neither the patient nor [#permalink]

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26 Dec 2014, 01:55

damit wrote:
2. (1) A double-blind study, in which neither the patient nor the primary researcher knows whether the patient is being given the drug being tested or a placebo, is the most effective procedure for testing the efficacy of a drug. (2) But we will not be able to perform such a study on this new drug, since the drug will have various effects on the patientsâ€™ bodies, which will make us aware of whether the patients are getting the drug or a placebo.

The two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

(A) The first is a general consideration that introduces the argument; the second is a special situation that weighs against the first.
(B) The first is a general principle that is necessary for this argument; the second is an anti-consideration that the argument includes.
(C) The first is a premise that this argument includes; the second is a main idea that can be drawn from this argument.
(D) The first is an evidence that this argument includes; the second is a conclusion that can not be drawn from this argument.
(E) The first is a general situation that supports this argument; the second is a conclusion that can be drawn from a special fact.

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Re: (1) A double-blind study, in which neither the patient nor   [#permalink] 26 Dec 2014, 01:55
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