1)Pioneers of the motor car industry realised that if they were going to meet the growing demand for their product, they had to adapt the labor force used in the productive process.Instead of many men working to complete all stages of one car at a time,they assigned defined tasks to each man which they would repeat on every car.
Which of the following can be concluded from the passage ?
a)early motor car manufacturers intended to incraese productivity by applying the principle of division of labour.
e)the new production process enabled certain car workers to become specialists in the part of the process to which they were assigned.
2)Before the arrival of joe, the new partner, sales output in bills company Midas In Reverse Ltd. had been rising by 10% per year on average.Innovations by joe included computerisation of technical process and reductions in the work force , but annual sales output has only risen by 5% per year.It appears that joes innovations have caused the reduction in the annual growth rate.
Which of the following would weaken the conclusion above?
a)the investment in new machinery entails a provision for depreciation of the cost of the fixed assets, which causes a reduction in profit.
c)joe's innovations were intended as long term investment and not made for short term profit
d)general demand for the products manufactured by the company has declined
Please give explanations for your choice.