1000 CR Questions : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# 1000 CR Questions

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26 Mar 2011, 09:58
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Difficulty:

85% (hard)

Question Stats:

42% (02:24) correct 58% (01:33) wrong based on 71 sessions

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Hi All,

2. Which of the following best completes the passage below?
One tax-reform proposal that has gained increasing support in recent years is the flat tax, which would impose a uniform tax rate on incomes at every level. Opponents of the flat tax say that a progressive tax system, which levies a higher rate of taxes on higher-income taxpayers, is fairer, placing the greater burden on those better able to bear it. However, the present crazy quilt of tax deductions, exemptions, credits, and loopholes benefits primarily the high-income taxpayer, who is consequently able to reduce his or her effective tax rate, often to a level below that paid by the lower-income taxpayer. Therefore, ______
(A) higher-income taxpayers are likely to lend their support to the flat-tax proposal now being considered by Congress
(B) a flat-tax system that allowed no deductions or exemptions would substantially increase actual government revenues
(C) the lower-income taxpayer might well be penalized by the institution of a flat-tax system in this country
(D) the progressive nature of our present tax system is more illusory than real
(E) the flat tax would actually be fairer to the lower-income taxpayer than any progressive tax system could be
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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28 Mar 2011, 07:59
venkat18 wrote:
Hi All,

2. Which of the following best completes the passage below?
One tax-reform proposal that has gained increasing support in recent years is the flat tax, which would impose a uniform tax rate on incomes at every level. Opponents of the flat tax say that a progressive tax system, which levies a higher rate of taxes on higher-income taxpayers, is fairer, placing the greater burden on those better able to bear it. However, the present crazy quilt of tax deductions, exemptions, credits, and loopholes benefits primarily the high-income taxpayer, who is consequently able to reduce his or her effective tax rate, often to a level below that paid by the lower-income taxpayer. Therefore, ______
(A) higher-income taxpayers are likely to lend their support to the flat-tax proposal now being considered by Congress Incorrect: Opposite to what passage states
(B) a flat-tax system that allowed no deductions or exemptions would substantially increase actual government revenuesIncorrect:We don't know the tax rates
(C) the lower-income taxpayer might well be penalized by the institution of a flat-tax system in this countryIncorrect:Passage doesn't state anything regarding this
(D) the progressive nature of our present tax system is more illusory than realThis is the correct answer it properly follows the passage
(E) the flat tax would actually be fairer to the lower-income taxpayer than any progressive tax system could beLook at word ANY and eliminate this answer

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27 Sep 2011, 16:13
I choose "B". However , i understand the above explanation.
1. How do you generally pick the right conclusion?. Since, the premise talks about the flaws of progressive tax system in many places, should the conclusion should also be related to weakening progressive tax system?.

I thought the author was under the assumption that flat rate will increase government revenues (Also, premise states the flaws in the progressive tax system).

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27 Sep 2011, 20:37
D

1) Illogical
2) depends, yes it can but can depend on many other factors
3) May be depends whether the flat tax is higher or lower than present for lower income groups.
4) Correct
5) Illogical
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27 Sep 2011, 21:11
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One tax-reform proposal that has gained increasing support in recent years is the flat tax, which would impose a uniform tax rate on incomes at every level.:premise-the pros and cons of flat tax
Opponents of the flat tax say that a progressive tax system, which levies a higher rate of taxes on higher-income taxpayers, is fairer, placing the greater burden on those better able to bear it.
However, the present crazy quilt of tax deductions, exemptions, credits, and loopholes benefits primarily the high-income taxpayer, who is consequently able to reduce his or her effective tax rate, often to a level below that paid by the lower-income taxpayer. note that there is a change in tone here-the word 'however' signifies that what was assummed previously is not really true. hence the conclusion should be somethoing like:'Therefore, things are not as they seem'---which is more or less what (D) says.
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04 Oct 2011, 23:26
**
Thanks for this!

One tax-reform proposal that has gained increasing support in recent years is the flat tax, which would impose a uniform tax rate on incomes at every level.:premise-the pros and cons of flat tax
Opponents of the flat tax say that a progressive tax system, which levies a higher rate of taxes on higher-income taxpayers, is fairer, placing the greater burden on those better able to bear it.
However, the present crazy quilt of tax deductions, exemptions, credits, and loopholes benefits primarily the high-income taxpayer, who is consequently able to reduce his or her effective tax rate, often to a level below that paid by the lower-income taxpayer. note that there is a change in tone here-the word 'however' signifies that what was assummed previously is not really true. hence the conclusion should be somethoing like:'Therefore, things are not as they seem'---which is more or less what (D) says.

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05 Oct 2011, 06:51
D
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24 Dec 2011, 08:09
D it is. Nice question and nice explanations by all. Thanks a ton.
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24 Dec 2011, 09:34
+1 for D
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02 Aug 2013, 22:49
Hi all,
Could you explain to me what is wrong with E) ? Isn't the fairness of the flat tax system and progressive tax system actually in question here?
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02 Aug 2013, 23:03
nikhil.jones.s wrote:
Hi all,
Could you explain to me what is wrong with E) ? Isn't the fairness of the flat tax system and progressive tax system actually in question here?

hi ,
in this argument author is supporting FLAT TAX system.

One tax-reform proposal that has gained increasing support in recent years is the flat tax, which would impose a uniform tax rate on incomes at every level. Opponents of the flat tax say that a progressive tax system, which levies a higher rate of taxes on higher-income taxpayers, is fairer, placing the greater burden on those better able to bear it. However, the present crazy quilt of tax deductions, exemptions, credits, and loopholes benefits primarily the high-income taxpayer, who is consequently able to reduce his or her effective tax rate, often to a level below that paid by the lower-income taxpayer. Therefore, ______

option E is wrong because of the extreme word ANY
(E) the flat tax would actually be fairer to the lower-income taxpayer than any progressive tax system could be

moreover the author opposes progressive tax by saying:
the present crazy quilt of tax deductions, exemptions, credits, and loopholes benefits primarily the high-income taxpayer, who is consequently able to reduce his or her effective tax rate, often to a level below that paid by the lower-income taxpayer

so author says that progressive tax system benefits PRIMARILY high income tax payer....but he never says that it doesnt benefits lower income tax payer + there is no comparison given that which tax system will benefit more to low income tax payer.

hope it helps
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Re: 1000 CR Questions   [#permalink] 02 Aug 2013, 23:03
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