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137) The fact that several of the largest senior citizens

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137) The fact that several of the largest senior citizens [#permalink] New post 22 Aug 2008, 14:22
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137) The fact that several of the largest senior citizens organizations are constituted almost exclusively of middle-class elderly people has led critics to question the seriousness of those organizations commitment to speaking out on behalf of the needs of economically disadvantaged elderly people.
Which of the following generalizations, if true, would help to substantiate the criticism implicit in the statement above?

A. The ideology of an organization tends reflect the traditional political climate of its locale.

B. The needs of disadvantaged elderly people differ in some ways from those of other disadvantaged groups within contemporary society.

C. Organized groups are better able to publicize their problems and seek redress than individuals acting alone.

D. Middle-class elderly people are more likely to join organizations than are economically disadvantaged elderly people.

E. People usually join organizations whose purpose is to further the economic, political, or social interests of their members.

substantiate in this case mean making the critics argument stronger ..can anyone please help me understand the question. Thanks!
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Re: CR1000: Q137 [#permalink] New post 22 Aug 2008, 15:53
Here we have to selected a statement which generalize the concern raised by the critics.

IMO is A which does so.
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Re: CR1000: Q137 [#permalink] New post 22 Aug 2008, 20:06
I think the ans should be D

If the middle-class elderly people are more likely to join organization than are economically disadvantaged elderly people then the statement indirectly strengthen the fact that very few people from economically disadvantaged people join the the organization which raises the seriousness of those organizations commitment to speaking out on behalf of the need of economically disadvantaged elderly people.

Any other suggestions??
And what is the OA?


The fact that several of the largest senior citizens organizations are constituted almost exclusively of middle-class elderly people has led critics to question the seriousness of those organizations commitment to speaking out on behalf of the needs of economically disadvantaged elderly people.
Which of the following generalizations, if true, would help to substantiate the criticism implicit in the statement above?

A. The ideology of an organization tends reflect the traditional political climate of its locale.

B. The needs of disadvantaged elderly people differ in some ways from those of other disadvantaged groups within contemporary society.

C. Organized groups are better able to publicize their problems and seek redress than individuals acting alone.

D. Middle-class elderly people are more likely to join organizations than are economically disadvantaged elderly people.

E. People usually join organizations whose purpose is to further the economic, political, or social interests of their members.

substantiate in this case mean making the critics argument stronger ..can anyone please help me understand the question. Thanks!
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Re: CR1000: Q137 [#permalink] New post 22 Aug 2008, 20:32
Any other suggestions??
And what is the OA?


The fact that several of the largest senior citizens organizations are constituted almost exclusively of middle-class elderly people has led critics to question the seriousness of those organizations commitment to speaking out on behalf of the needs of economically disadvantaged elderly people.
Which of the following generalizations, if true, would help to substantiate the criticism implicit in the statement above?

A. The ideology of an organization tends reflect the traditional political climate of its locale.

B. The needs of disadvantaged elderly people differ in some ways from those of other disadvantaged groups within contemporary society.

C. Organized groups are better able to publicize their problems and seek redress than individuals acting alone.

D. Middle-class elderly people are more likely to join organizations than are economically disadvantaged elderly people.

E. People usually join organizations whose purpose is to further the economic, political, or social interests of their members.


Answer is E. E is substantiating the criticism by saying that people in organization is to further interests of THEIR members.
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Re: CR1000: Q137 [#permalink] New post 23 Aug 2008, 07:47
balboa wrote:
137) The fact that several of the largest senior citizens organizations are constituted almost exclusively of middle-class elderly people has led critics to question the seriousness of those organizations commitment to speaking out on behalf of the needs of economically disadvantaged elderly people.
Which of the following generalizations, if true, would help to substantiate the criticism implicit in the statement above?

A. The ideology of an organization tends reflect the traditional political climate of its locale.

B. The needs of disadvantaged elderly people differ in some ways from those of other disadvantaged groups within contemporary society.

C. Organized groups are better able to publicize their problems and seek redress than individuals acting alone.

D. Middle-class elderly people are more likely to join organizations than are economically disadvantaged elderly people.

E. People usually join organizations whose purpose is to further the economic, political, or social interests of their members.

substantiate in this case mean making the critics argument stronger ..can anyone please help me understand the question. Thanks!


A - irrelevant. political climate is nothing to do with the needs of people.
B - irrelevant
C - doesn't matter. irrelevant
D - here the key is the word "organizations". we are talking about many organizations under the sun.
E - this tells us the reason of the exclusive membership of organizations in question. People join these organizations because the purpose of these organizations is to further the economic, political or the social interests of the members. Hence these organizations will do nothing to help people of other sections of the community.
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Re: CR1000: Q137 [#permalink] New post 23 Aug 2008, 10:23
balboa wrote:
137) The fact that several of the largest senior citizens organizations are constituted almost exclusively of middle-class elderly people has led critics to question the seriousness of those organizations commitment to speaking out on behalf of the needs of economically disadvantaged elderly people.
Which of the following generalizations, if true, would help to substantiate the criticism implicit in the statement above?

A. The ideology of an organization tends reflect the traditional political climate of its locale.

B. The needs of disadvantaged elderly people differ in some ways from those of other disadvantaged groups within contemporary society.

C. Organized groups are better able to publicize their problems and seek redress than individuals acting alone.

D. Middle-class elderly people are more likely to join organizations than are economically disadvantaged elderly people.

E. People usually join organizations whose purpose is to further the economic, political, or social interests of their members.

substantiate in this case mean making the critics argument stronger ..can anyone please help me understand the question. Thanks!


IMO E)

E) states that organizations look after interests of their members. Therefore middle class organizations will look after interests of middle class not economically disadvantaged
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Re: CR1000: Q137 [#permalink] New post 23 Aug 2008, 10:55
I would agree that it has to be E, because the members would further the interests of the members, who are not economically disadvantaged as they are middle class. Sorry to repeat I just got this one figured out before I read all the posts lol.
Re: CR1000: Q137   [#permalink] 23 Aug 2008, 10:55
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137) The fact that several of the largest senior citizens

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