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15. In 1933 the rubber, clothing, and shipbuilding [#permalink]
08 Apr 2004, 04:29
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100% (00:00) wrong based on 1 sessions
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15. In 1933 the rubber, clothing, and shipbuilding
industries put into effect a six-hour workday,
<<believing it a seeming permanent accommodation
rather than a temporary expedient for what many
observers thought was>> an economy made overpro-
ductive by advances in technology.
(A) believing it a seeming permanent accommoda-
tion rather than a temporary expedient for
what many observers thought was
(B) believing it a seeming permanent accommoda-
tion instead of a temporary expedient for
what many observers thought was
(C) believing that it was not a temporary expedient
but a seeming permanent accommodation to
what many observers thought of as a
(D) not as a temporary expedient but as a seem-
ingly permanent accommodation to what
many observers thought was
(E) not as a temporary expedient but believing it a
seemingly permanent accommodation for
what many observers thought
Last edited by batliwala on 08 Apr 2004, 09:23, edited 1 time in total.
I was talking to kpadma about this and I learnt that D is the OA and this Q happens to be from infamous GMAT+ Q bank.
I have a problem with D however. I hope you all agree that the sentence after the first comma is a phrase. Given this it can either modify an entity in the preceding sentence or an entire sentence ( in this case it is called the absolute phrase )
I also would like to tell you that "seeming" is an acceptable usage and it means "apparent". It depends how you use it.
"seeming permanent accommodation" (it is an adjective)
is not a wrong usage.
"seemingly permanent accommodation" (it is an adverb modifying adjective - permanent)
Please identify the subject of the following sentence
"In 1933 the rubber, clothing, and shipbuilding industries were put into effect a six-hour workday"
This sentence is in passive voice and the subject is the listed industries as a group. The part of the sentence following the comma should describe this subject or modify the entire sentence. Choice D is doing none. In choice D "arrangement or the change in work schedule" is ellipsed. This is not acceptable unless it is substituted with "it" Also D makes it look as if the industries are "not as a temporary expedient but as a seemingly permanent accommodation" This is completely awkward comparision.
Only C makes sense here as it conveys reason behind the passive structure using absolute phrase.
Well I recall my explanation. I did a mistake while analyzing the first part of the sentence. Again thanks to kpadma for pointing that out. The first part of the sentence does not have a verb. That is the key to this sentence. D is the best answer indeed. Once the verb is taken out this is what happens....
"In 1933 the rubber, clothing, and shipbuilding industries put into effect a six-hour workday" - is an arrangement
not as a "temporary expedient" but as a "seemingly permanent accommodation"