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# 19 The city government should invest surplus funds in

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19 The city government should invest surplus funds in [#permalink]

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04 Nov 2006, 10:01
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The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city's transportation network. Most of the network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in both area and population. The subway system is outdated and understaffed. The buses rarely run on schedule and their routes are inconvenient. If the city does not make changes soon to the network, it will see many of its prized industries relocate to more convenient cities and, as a result, the city's financial health will be jeopardized.

In the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

The first is an explanation of a current state of affairs; the second is a prediction based on that state of affairs.
The first is a statement of fact in support of the author's conclusion; the second is that conclusion.
The first emphasizes an existing problem; the second offers a proposal to solve that problem.
The first is information the author suggests has been overlooked in the situation at hand; the second describes that situation.
The first is a justification of an impending problem; the second describes the consequences of that problem.
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04 Nov 2006, 10:11
Between A and B I would say A since they aren't necessarily statemtns of fact and can be construed as the authors opinions.
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04 Nov 2006, 10:13
ugo_castelo wrote:
19
The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city's transportation network. Most of the network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in both area and population. The subway system is outdated and understaffed. The buses rarely run on schedule and their routes are inconvenient. If the city does not make changes soon to the network, it will see many of its prized industries relocate to more convenient cities and, as a result, the city's financial health will be jeopardized.

In the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

The first is an explanation of a current state of affairs; the second is a prediction based on that state of affairs.
The first is a statement of fact in support of the author's conclusion; the second is that conclusion.
The first emphasizes an existing problem; the second offers a proposal to solve that problem.
The first is information the author suggests has been overlooked in the situation at hand; the second describes that situation.
The first is a justification of an impending problem; the second describes the consequences of that problem.

I apologise but I am very bad with the BF ones and I use POE, so I came down to B and E.
I took B out because I think the conclusion is in the first line of the argument.

E is better because the first bolded part provides some additional details about the existing problem and the second bolded part shows that if the problem is not addressed what could be the consequences.
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04 Nov 2006, 10:16
Very close between A and B....

I choose A....

because the conclusion is that the city must invest surplus funds, not the last bolded sentence....
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04 Nov 2006, 10:20
Actually A is very close too and looks even better than E
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04 Nov 2006, 10:47
I was torn between A and E.
But I would rather choose A bcoz the 2nd statement is more a perdiction than a definite consequence.
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04 Nov 2006, 17:56
as author explains if they do not look into this problem then this might happen which is a prediction not a conclusion
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04 Nov 2006, 18:41
Priyah is bang on target. A is the best.
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05 Nov 2006, 01:53
A ..
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07 Nov 2006, 00:24
A.....
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07 Nov 2006, 00:33
it's a prediction.......

A
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07 Nov 2006, 01:16
E
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07 Nov 2006, 02:22
dwivedys wrote:
E

The problem is not impending. It is already there. So not E.

A stands
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07 Nov 2006, 02:41
The first is an explanation of a current state of affairs; the second is a prediction based on that state of affairs.

The first is a statement of fact in support of the author's conclusion; the second is that conclusion. --> The 1st BF is not to support the conclusion.

The first emphasizes an existing problem; the second offers a proposal to solve that problem. --> the 2nd BF is not a proposal to solve the transportation problem.

The first is information the author suggests has been overlooked in the situation at hand; the second describes that situation. --> The 2nd BF does not serve to explain anything. It's a conclusion drawn up by the author.

The first is a justification of an impending problem; the second describes the consequences of that problem. --> The transportation problem is not impending, it's already happening!

A for me. The 1st BF explains why the transportation network is in such a bad shape, and the 2nd is a prediction what will happen if the network is not upgraded quickly enough.
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07 Nov 2006, 13:28
Simple A for me.

A) The first is an explanation of a current state of affairs; the second is a prediction.
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