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19. The growing demand for housing, traffic congestion, and

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19. The growing demand for housing, traffic congestion, and [#permalink]

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19. The growing demand for housing, traffic congestion,
and longer commuting trips has
all but eliminated
the cost advantage of owning a house in many rural
communities.

(A) The growing demand for housing, traffic
congestion, and longer commuting trips has
(B) Traffic congestion, the growing demand for
housing, and longer commuting trips has
(C) Longer commuting trips, traffic congestion, and
the growing demand for housing has
(D) Traffic congestion, longer commuting trips, and
the growing demand for housing have
(E) The growing demand for housing, as well as
traffic congestion and longer commuting
trips, have
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New post 19 Apr 2004, 10:05
D here too. All the other choices have one or more errors.
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New post 19 Apr 2004, 11:10
Hmmm.... between C & D... Think I'll choose C.

In a list, the growing demand is singular so don't we need has instead of have???
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New post 21 Apr 2004, 01:07
the subject is plural as we are talking about 3 things "yoddy...yoddy,and yoddy", hence we have to use plural verb "have"

OA is D.
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Re: 19. The growing demand for housing, traffic congestion, and [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jun 2014, 00:52
why is option E wrong? Please explain
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Re: 19. The growing demand for housing, traffic congestion, and [#permalink]

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New post 09 Oct 2014, 00:59
option e is wrong because we are talking about 3 things here: the growing demand for housing,traffic congestion and longer commuting trips and as well as is used only for 2 things.
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New post 09 Oct 2014, 07:28
ABC are wrong because of S-V agreement

down to D and E

E is wrong because it dictates a singular subject.

a subject along with "as well as" implies singular , so it should had been 'has'

D has three subjects ,so plural verb 'have'or by POE it closes down to D only.

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Re: 19. The growing demand for housing, traffic congestion, and [#permalink]

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New post 04 Feb 2016, 13:51
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: 19. The growing demand for housing, traffic congestion, and [#permalink]

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New post 15 Mar 2016, 22:38
Expert's post
One can understand a growing demand for housing, but one cannot appreciate a growing demand for traffic congestion and long commuting trips. Nesting them together as part of one list is illogical. That is the reason the singular verb ‘has’ is out of place. The plural verb ‘have’ denotes there are more than one factor. Therefore, we are left with D and E.
Between D and E, E is grammatically wrong for using 'as well as' to conjugate both factors and still use ‘have’ as the verb. ‘As well as’ will not render the subject plural.
Therefore, D is the best.
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19. The growing demand for housing, traffic congestion, and [#permalink]

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New post 16 Mar 2016, 04:01
Indeed and one should notice that there actually is no Subject-verb agreement issue in A. In fact, the singular verb has is just perfect, since the subject is the growing demand. Note that housing, traffic congestion, and longer commuting trips cannot be the subject in A, because they appear as part of prepositional phrase (for housing, traffic congestion, and longer commuting trips). Words in prepositional phrases cannot be the subjects in their respective clauses.

As daagh rightly pointed out, the issue is that the structure of A is: The growing demand for X, Y and Z where X = housing, Y = traffic congestion, and Z = longer commuting trips. So, A nonsensically suggests that the growing demand is for three things:
i) housing
ii) traffic congestion, and
iii) longer commuting trips

A good question illustrating how important, meaning is to SC. Wonder what’s the source of this question.
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19. The growing demand for housing, traffic congestion, and   [#permalink] 16 Mar 2016, 04:01
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