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2 examples i'm really confused about how to use verbal

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2 examples i'm really confused about how to use verbal [#permalink] New post 23 Mar 2011, 00:23
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2 examples
i'm really confused about how to use verbal phrases

OG12 SC1 Choice C
The Glass House Mountains in Queensland, Australia,
were sighted in 1770 by the English navigator Captain
James Cook, naming them supposedly since their
sheer wet rocks glistened like glass.

the explanation why the choice is wrong is
As the object of a preposition and not the
subject of the clause, James Cook does not
work as the noun that the verbal phrase
beginning with naming can describe; the
preposition since loses the important causal
logic of the sentence.

but
OG 21 choice D
Neuroscientists have amassed a wealth of
knowledge over the past twenty years about the
brain and its development from birth to adulthood, now
drawing solid conclusions about how the human brain
grows and how babies acquire language.

the explanation why the choice is wrong is
Th e fi nal descriptor in present tense, now
drawing conclusions … does not fi t the
opening clause, which is in present-perfect
tense (have amassed a wealth …) and seems
to modify adulthood.

The first should modify the subject, the second seems to modify "adulthood"????
i'm confused

hope for someone's help
thanks so much
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Re: Modify ths subject or just the previous noun?--Verbal Phrase [#permalink] New post 23 Mar 2011, 01:12
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Re: Modify ths subject or just the previous noun?--Verbal Phrase [#permalink] New post 23 Mar 2011, 19:24
Onell wrote:



i have read both, but what i'm confused is
whether -ing can modify subject or object in such constructions as
S+V+O, ing.......

though in one of the topics u provide written
if there's a COMMA before a participle, then the participle creates an adverb phrase that modifies the action of the preceding clause.
confused!!!! :cry:
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Re: Modify ths subject or just the previous noun?--Verbal Phrase [#permalink] New post 23 Mar 2011, 19:40
courtdancer wrote:
Onell wrote:



i have read both, but what i'm confused is
whether -ing can modify subject or object in such constructions as
S+V+O, ing.......

though in one of the topics u provide written
if there's a COMMA before a participle, then the participle creates an adverb phrase that modifies the action of the preceding clause.
confused!!!! :cry:


for a PRESENT PARTICIPLE with comma...
1) the SUBJECT should be the AGENT OF THE -ING ACTION
2) Ing action should modify the whole clause i.e main action
COMMA before a participle
scientists can determine the intensity of radiation from a radioactive object,using a geiger counter.
==> Scientists uses ginger counter
==> Scientists can determine (using ginger counter) the intensity of radiation from a radioactive object

No comma.
=> modifies the closest noun

Students in the metropolitan school district are so lacking in math skills that it will be difficult to absorb them into a city economy becoming ever more dependent on information-based industries.==> becoming... is ing modifier that modifies city economy...
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Re: Modify ths subject or just the previous noun?--Verbal Phrase [#permalink] New post 24 Mar 2011, 06:19
Quote:
Students in the metropolitan school district are so lacking in math skills that it will be difficult to absorb them into a city economy becoming ever more dependent on information-based industries.==> becoming... is ing modifier that modifies city economy...


So if I understand correctly:
In the sentence above, 'becoming ever more dependent on....' modifies 'economy', indicating the economy is being more dependent on....

However, if the sentence was re-written as:
Students in the metropolitan school district are so lacking in math skills that it will be difficult to absorb them into a city economy, becoming ever more dependent on information-based industries.

Then 'becoming ever more dependent...' would modify 'students in the metro school district', indicating that the students are lacking in math skills and they are becoming more dependent on...


Is this correct?
Re: Modify ths subject or just the previous noun?--Verbal Phrase   [#permalink] 24 Mar 2011, 06:19
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