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A) its victims unless inoculated -> who is inoculated? eliminate it (B) its victims unless they are inoculated-> they points to the victims, sounds good, hold it (C) its victims unless inoculation is done->awkward usage of unless (D) the victims unless there is an inoculation-> awkward there usage (E) the victims unless inoculated-> same as a, usage of "the", which victims and who is inoculated.
286.Even today, a century after Pasteur developed the first vaccine, rabies almost always kills its victims unless inoculated in the earliest stages of the disease.
(A) its victims unless inoculated (B) its victims unless they are inoculated (C) its victims unless inoculation is done (D) the victims unless there is an inoculation (E) the victims unless inoculated
I will also go with b..as "they" is used only for the subject and here the subject is "rabies' ( rabies virus should be innoculated ). Option A is misleading because it gives an idea that victims are inoculated. C,D,E are straight incorrect.
Unless is a subordinate conjunction and it requires Subject and Verb (A) its victims unless inoculated [inoculated who? – eliminate it] (B) its victims unless they are inoculated [They represents “victims” – Hold it] (C) its victims unless inoculation is done [ Same as A] (D) the victims unless there is an inoculation [there refers what?] (E) the victims unless inoculated [Same as A]
I like you breakdown of the sentence. I am at the level where I know most of the main grammar rules, but in this problem, I got the right answer, but not from your explanation. I need to get to that level in 2 weeks !!
whenever words such as unless/without are used, the sentence can be expressed as conditional statement. for this, the clause following 'unless' is the main clause and must have a subject or a verb and clause before that must be negated.
with unless: rabies almost always kills its victims unless inoculated in the earliest stages of the disease. in conditional: if rabbies does not kill its victims, they(the victims) have been inoculated at the earliest stage of the disease. hence, unless needs a subject. B is clear winner