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3 - Exercise Sentence 1 - Drug to Market

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3 - Exercise Sentence 1 - Drug to Market [#permalink] New post 14 Dec 2011, 11:33
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A
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C
D
E

Difficulty:

  5% (low)

Question Stats:

87% (01:55) correct 13% (01:35) wrong based on 119 sessions
This question is the first practice problem in the 3rd series of Meaning based problems. Correct and best explanation will get a Kudos from us and a free subscription for 1 month to our[highlight]OG Verbal 2 solutions for Sentence Correction[/highlight]. OG Verbal 2 solutions contain solutions to all SC questions using e-GMAT 3 step process- amounting to 14 hrs of audio visual content. Currently 60 solutions are uploaded. The set will be completed by the end of the month.

The possibilities opened by the recent federal court decision are frightening because now a radical pro-business secretary, in principle, can bypass the clinical trial system and also the F.D.A. approval process in order that he brings a drug faster to the market.
    A. bypass the clinical trial system and also the F.D.A. approval process in order that he brings a drug faster to the market
    B. bypass the clinical trial system or the F.D.A. approval process in order to bring a drug faster to market
    C. bring a drug faster to the market along with the F.D.A. approval process by bypassing the clinical trial system
    D. bypass the clinical trial system and the F.D.A. approval process to bring a drug faster to the market
    E. bypasses the clinical trial system and the F.D.A. approval process, bringing a drug faster to the market

We will provide the official answer in a couple of hrs.

Also Check out 5 strategies that GMAT uses to distort the meaning of the original sentence
5-strategies-that-gmat-uses-to-distort-meaning-124296.html
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by egmat on 16 Dec 2011, 06:35, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: 3 - Exercise Sentence 1 - Drug to Market [#permalink] New post 15 Dec 2011, 02:07
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egmat wrote:
This question is the first practice problem in the 3rd series of Meaning based problems. Correct and best explanation will get a Kudos from us and a free subscription for 1 month to our[highlight]OG Verbal 2 solutions for Sentence Correction[/highlight]. OG Verbal 2 solutions contain solutions to all SC questions using e-GMAT 3 step process- amounting to 14 hrs of audio visual content. Currently 60 solutions are uploaded. The set will be completed by the end of the month.

The possibilities opened by the recent federal court decision are frightening because now a radical pro-business secretary, in principle, can bypass the clinical trial system and also the F.D.A. approval process in order that he brings a drug faster to the market.
    A. bypass the clinical trial system and also the F.D.A. approval process in order that he brings a drug faster to the market
    B. bypass the clinical trial system or the F.D.A. approval process in order to bring a drug faster to market
    C. bring a drug faster to the market along with the F.D.A. approval process by bypassing the clinical trial system
    D. bypass the clinical trial system and the F.D.A. approval process to bring a drug faster to the market
    E. bypasses the clinical trial system and the F.D.A. approval process, bringing a drug faster to the market


"In order that" in choice A and "bypasses" in choice E is wrong. So, eliminate A and E. Between B and D. "to" prefer than "in order to", following the conciseness. The simplest is the best. Eliminate B.

Between C and D. This is logical sequences issues. The drug should be possessed through trial, and then proposed to F. D. A approval. Finally, bringing to the market.

So, the logical sequences in choice C is incorrect. This choice means that the drug will bring to the market > F.D.A approval > trial. Eliminate choice C.

IMO, the best answer choice is D.
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Re: 3 - Exercise Sentence 1 - Drug to Market [#permalink] New post 15 Dec 2011, 09:54
The possibilities opened by the recent federal court decision are frightening because now a radical pro-business secretary, in principle, can bypass the clinical trial system and also the F.D.A. approval process in order that he brings a drug faster to the market.
A. bypass the clinical trial system and also the F.D.A. approval process in order that he brings a drug faster to the market
In order he brings a drug is not concise , also after and is not required...Incorrect

B. bypass the clinical trial system or the F.D.A. approval process in order to bring a drug faster to market
changes the intend, Actually the sentence communicates that both(the clinical trial system and the F.D.A. approval process) are bypassed, however option B conveys either of them will do...thus changes the meaning....Incorrect

C. bring a drug faster to the market along with the F.D.A. approval process by bypassing the clinical trial system
absurd, again changes the meaning, As per the intended meaning, the secy was bypassing both , however , this answer choice states that one is taken along and one is bypassed...Incorrect
D. bypass the clinical trial system and the F.D.A. approval process to bring a drug faster to the market
Correct
E. bypasses the clinical trial system and the F.D.A. approval process, bringing a drug faster to the market
bypasses is not right , used as verb incorrectly...even towards the end bringing....... doesn't go. Incorrect.
so e-gmat i hope this suits the requirement.... :wink:
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Re: 3 - Exercise Sentence 1 - Drug to Market [#permalink] New post 16 Dec 2011, 00:01
egmat wrote:
The possibilities opened by the recent federal court decision are frightening because now a radical pro-business secretary, in principle, can bypass the clinical trial system and also the F.D.A. approval process in order that he brings a drug faster to the market.
    A. bypass the clinical trial system and also the F.D.A. approval process in order that he brings a drug faster to the market
    B. bypass the clinical trial system or the F.D.A. approval process in order to bring a drug faster to market
    C. bring a drug faster to the market along with the F.D.A. approval process by bypassing the clinical trial system
    D. bypass the clinical trial system and the F.D.A. approval process to bring a drug faster to the market
    E. bypasses the clinical trial system and the F.D.A. approval process, bringing a drug faster to the market



Going by e-GMAT process,

Intended meaning of choice A :

1. The possibilities opened by the recent federal court decision are frightening
2. Because, a radical pro-business secretary, can bypass the clinical trial system AND the F.D.A. approval process
3. The intention of the secretary is to bring the drug faster to market

Errors in the choice A

The possibilities opened by the recent federal court decision are frightening because now a radical pro-business secretary, in principle, can bypass the clinical trial system and also the F.D.A. approval process in order that he brings a drug faster to the market

1. The SV pairs are matching
2. The use of 'IN ORDER THAT' is incorrect. Either 'In order to' or 'to'
3. 'Brings' is incorrect. Should use 'to bring' to emphasize the intention
4. Usage of pronoun 'he' matches with the secretary. But i feel redundant

POE

Choice B - Usage of OR as the connector is incorrect. The secretary needs to bypass both clinical trial system and FDA approval process. This changes the intended meaning of the sentence.

Choice C - Usage of ALONG WITH is incorrect. This changes the intended meaning of the sentence. Outcome is just to bring the drug faster to market.

Choice D - Correct choice

Choice E - Usage of 'bypasses' is incorrect.
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Re: 3 - Exercise Sentence 1 - Drug to Market [#permalink] New post 16 Dec 2011, 07:13
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@rajeevrks27 & @htskumar -You both win the Verbal 2 (SC)OG solutions. Please register on e-GMAT and notify us. We will upgrade your account.

@rajeevrks27 - You did very good analysis. There were a few points that were missing or incorrect in your explanation, but overall your approach was sound. You approached the sentence from logic standpoint and that is the most important thing that I look for when I evaluate the quality of the solutions. Review the official solution and see the points that you missed.

@htskumar - Your analysis was also very good. I appreciate the methodical manner in which you posted your solution. You followed the e-GMAT process and truly that was the first thing that impressed me!! Your analysis was very sound. Now you did miss a few points, so definitely review the solution and see what you missed. But overall great job. I hope you continue to follow the e-GMAT process..

Keep the answers and explanations coming...
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Re: 3 - Exercise Sentence 1 - Drug to Market [#permalink] New post 16 Dec 2011, 07:17
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Quote:
egmat wrote:
The possibilities opened by the recent federal court decision are frightening because now a radical pro-business secretary, in principle, can bypass the clinical trial system and also the F.D.A. approval process in order that he brings a drug faster to the market.
    A. bypass the clinical trial system and also the F.D.A. approval process in order that he brings a drug faster to the market
    B. bypass the clinical trial system or the F.D.A. approval process in order to bring a drug faster to market
    C. bring a drug faster to the market along with the F.D.A. approval process by bypassing the clinical trial system
    D. bypass the clinical trial system and the F.D.A. approval process to bring a drug faster to the market
    E. bypasses the clinical trial system and the F.D.A. approval process, bringing a drug faster to the market

Here is the official explanation for this question:
Image

Understand the Meaning of the Original Sentence


The author implies that the possibilities per the recent court decision are frightening. This is because now a radical person of authority in medical system can bypass two gates – the clinical trial system and the FDA approval process with an intention to bring a drug faster to the market.

Find the Errors in the Original Sentence


1. The possibilities opened by the recent federal court decision are frightening
2. because now a radical pro-business secretary, in principle, can bypass the clinical trial system and also the F.D.A. approval process in order that he brings a drug faster to the market.
The sentence structure is as shown above. The SV pairs for both clauses are accounted for and agree in number. The pronoun “he” correctly refers to the radical pro-business secretary. The verb – can bypass – is written in correct verb tense to indicate the capability that the secretary will have after the new court decision. The use of “also” is redundant. The list of two things that can be bypassed is already connected using “and”. Also, the intention is expressed using “in order to” or “to verb”. “in order that” is not the correct idiom to express the intention.

Review Answer Choices to do POE


Choice B – Use of “or” changes the intended meaning of the sentence. Now it appears as though the secretary will have the capability to bypass only one or the other and not both. So per this sentence, the secretary has less capability than per the original sentence (per which he could bypass both systems). Note that “in order to” is perfect fine. Yes “to verb” is more precise but this choice is not incorrect because of use of “in order to”. It is incorrect because it changes the intended meaning.

Choice C – This choice completely distorts the meaning of the sentence. Note that per the original sentence, the secretary had the option of bypassing the two systems. Using this capability he could have taken the drug faster to market. Per this sentence it appears as though the court decision will explicitly allow the secretary to bring a drug faster to the market. Furthermore, now this choice implies that secretary can bring drug faster to market along with the FDA approval process. This is non-sensical. The purpose of “along with the FDA approval process” is no longer clear. Is the secretary going to also bring the FDA approval process faster to the market? In any case, the way “along with” has been used, distorts the significance of FDA approval process.

Choice D – Correct choice.

Choice E – Subject-verb do not agree in number. “Can bypasses” is incorrect. Also, ‘bringing a drug…” now shows a consequence instead of an intention. Even though logically and grammatically correct, it does not communicate the intended “intention” of the secretary to bypass the two systems.

TAKE AWAYS


1. Understand the meaning of the original sentence. Note the relationships among each part of the sentence – both from grammatical standpoint and from logical standpoint.
2. Make sure that these relationships are maintained in the correct choice as well.
3. Focus on entire sentence and not just the underlined portion of the sentence. For example, in choice E, can is in non-underlined portion, so if one does not pay attention to that, one may not be able to catch – bypasses – error.
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Re: 3 - Exercise Sentence 1 - Drug to Market [#permalink] New post 10 Aug 2012, 17:39
My answer is D
A - wrong, instead of "in order that" should be "in order to".
B - Wrong, as the use of word "or" changes the meaning of sentence from both conditions being mandatory to either one being satisfied.
C- Wrong - as the use of word "along with the" changes the meaning; now the drug is passed with the FDA approval. FDA approval is not bypassed.
D - Correct; maintains the meaning of original sentence with correct "to"
E- wrong as can bypasses bees not make sense.
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Re: 3 - Exercise Sentence 1 - Drug to Market   [#permalink] 10 Aug 2012, 17:39
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