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# 48-Some anthropologists study modern-day societies of

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Manager
Joined: 17 Jul 2008
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48-Some anthropologists study modern-day societies of [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2008, 01:30
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#48-Some anthropologists study modern-day societies of foragers in an effort to learn about our ancient ancestors who were also foragers. A flaw in this strategy is that forager societies are extremely varied. Indeed, any forager society with which anthropologists are familiar has had considerable contact with modern, non-forager societies.

Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the criticism made above of the anthropologists' strategy?

(A) All forager societies throughout history have had
a number of important features in common that are absent from other types of societies.
(B) Most ancient forager societies either dissolved or
made a transition to another way of life.
(C) All anthropologists study one kind or another of
modern-day society.
(D) Many anthropologists who study modern-day
forager societies do not draw inferences about ancient societies on the basis of their studies.
(E) Even those modern-day forager societies that
have not had significant contact with modern societies are importantly different from ancient forager societies.
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Manager
Joined: 21 Feb 2008
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18 Jul 2008, 01:33
D
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Manager
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18 Jul 2008, 01:35
The answer is A, yet I did not understand the logic behind it.
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Manager
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18 Jul 2008, 01:47
hmmm! Did a new material today and it said avoid extremist words in CR (all, none etc.) OA is A is a bit more interesting. That tells me that I have to concentrate more on logic than these shortcuts.
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Senior Manager
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18 Jul 2008, 02:14

Critic: A flaw in this strategy is that forager societies are extremely varied.

Indeed, extremly varied, but there are common things among these societies. So, this statment says that the research conducted by anthropologists is meaningful, not flawed.
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18 Jul 2008, 06:55
What is the relation with answer and the quote below?

''Indeed, any forager society with which anthropologists are familiar has had considerable contact with modern, non-forager societies''

(A) All forager societies throughout history have had
a number of important features in common that are absent from other types of societies.

Or simply what the quote describes because I did not understand anything.
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18 Jul 2008, 07:14
1
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D. The criticism is based on the statement of the anthropolgist that study modern-day societies of foragers in an effort to learn about our ancient ancestors. The criticism implies that we can't learn much about the ancient societies because the modern-day societies have had significant contact with the modern world. D weakens that criticism because it states that the researchers aren't drawing inferences about the ancient societies. This undercuts the critique made because it makes the critique irrelevant. Modern societies are different in many ways so we are not making inferences about past societies.

Here is why I think A is the OA.

The criticism says that forager societies have had considerable contact with modern non-forager socities. This would influence those forager societies and make them very different from the ancient societies. A undercuts this. My paraphrase of answer A: "Sure the modern societies may have had contact with non-forager societies, but there are a number of important features of this type of society that aren't in other societies. Therefore, we can study modern day foragers and get a feel for what these characterstics (known only to the foragers) were even in ancient times."

perfectstranger wrote:
#48-Some anthropologists study modern-day societies of foragers in an effort to learn about our ancient ancestors who were also foragers. A flaw in this strategy is that forager societies are extremely varied. Indeed, any forager society with which anthropologists are familiar has had considerable contact with modern, non-forager societies.

Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the criticism made above of the anthropologists' strategy?

(A) All forager societies throughout history have had a number of important features in common that are absent from other types of societies.
(B) Most ancient forager societies either dissolved or made a transition to another way of life.
(C) All anthropologists study one kind or another of modern-day society.
(D) Many anthropologists who study modern-day forager societies do not draw inferences about ancient societies on the basis of their studies.
(E) Even those modern-day forager societies that have not had significant contact with modern societies are importantly different from ancient forager societies.

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Re: CR-Forager Societies   [#permalink] 18 Jul 2008, 07:14
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