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50% of the aparments in a certain building have windows and

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50% of the aparments in a certain building have windows and [#permalink] New post 25 Nov 2005, 08:43
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65% (03:37) correct 34% (02:34) wrong based on 92 sessions
50% of the apartments in a certain building have windows and hardwood floors. 25% of the apartments without windows have hardwood floors. If 40% of the apartments do not have hardwood floors, what percent of the apartments with windows have hardwood floors?

A. 10
B. 16 2/3
C. 40
D. 50
E. 83 1/3
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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 [#permalink] New post 25 Nov 2005, 09:04
83 1/3...best way is to construct a matrix...

..........h......no h....total
w.......50..................
no w..0,25x............x
total............40......100

fill in...
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 [#permalink] New post 25 Nov 2005, 14:38
yup you need to construct a matrix

X********| Windows'|No Windows'''| total
hardFl****'|50*****''|10*********'|60
Not hardFl*|10******|30*********'|40
Total*****|60******'|40*********'|100


so percent of the apartments with windows have hardwood floors = 50/60 *100

= 83 1/3

so E is the answer.[/u]
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Re: This one will test your skill for Overlapping Sets concept [#permalink] New post 16 Sep 2009, 06:57
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E. Is that the correct answer choice. Please post OA.

Here is my working...
a = total windows
b = total of no windows

HW = .5 (given in the problem statement)
(No W,H) = 0.25b
H = 0.6 (given in the problem statement)
No H = 0.4 (deduced as 1 -.06, but this is not needed to solve the problem)

HW + (No W,H) = 0.60
.5+0.25b = 0.60
b = 0.40
Therefore a = 1-b = 1-.40 = 0.60 (proportion of apartments with windows)

Therefore the desired proportion = (HW/a)*100 = (0.5/0.6) * 100 = 83.33% (E).

Goldgoldandgold, could you please confirm the answer.
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Re: This one will test your skill for Overlapping Sets concept [#permalink] New post 16 Sep 2009, 09:32
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E. did it by simple picking numbers and creating a table. check this out.
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Re: This one will test your skill for Overlapping Sets concept [#permalink] New post 02 May 2011, 01:07
total apartments = 100
with windows and hardwoods = 50
without windows = 50

without windows but having hardwoods = 0.25 *50 = 12.25

12.25 + with windows and hardwoods = 60
with windows and hardwoods = 47.75

% = 47.75 / 50 > 50%
Hence E.
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Re: 50% of the aparments in a certain building have windows and [#permalink] New post 04 Apr 2013, 14:50
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Tagger wrote:
Still can't get the solution using the Double matrix

Please help !


Take a look at the image.

X is the percentage of Non-Window, and we know that 25% of that number has Hardwood => 0.25x is in the cell (NW, H) and 0,75x is, of course, in the (NW, NH) cell.
(0.25x+0.75x=x). The tot Hardwood is 60%, and is composed by the first row: 50+0.25x=60 x=40. Ok, we have X, or the tot perc of NonWindows.
Now we know also that y+40%=100% and clearly y = 60% => tot perc of W is 60%.This is composed by the cell [Window, Hardwood (50%)] and by the cell [Window, NonHardwood (that must be 10% since 50%+10%=60%)]

And now we have all the data we can have. To answer the question: "what percent of the apartments with windows have hardwood floors?" we must calculate the fraction (apartments with windows and hardwood floors [W,H])/(apartments with windows[W]) = \frac{50%}{60%} = 83 \frac{1}{3}

Hope it's clear
Attachments

matrix.png
matrix.png [ 2.63 KiB | Viewed 1473 times ]


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Re: This one will test your skill for Overlapping Sets concept [#permalink] New post 21 Oct 2013, 23:00
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Re: This one will test your skill for Overlapping Sets concept   [#permalink] 21 Oct 2013, 23:00
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