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6 minutes 20 seconds: As is well known and has often been [#permalink]
28 Jan 2006, 07:53
6 minutes 20 seconds:
As is well known and has often been described, the machine industry of recent times took its rise by a gradual emergence out of handicraft in England in the eighteenth century. Since then the mechanical industry has progressively been getting the upper hand in all the civilized nations, in much the same degree in which these nations have come to be counted as civilized. This mechanical industry now stands dominant at the apex of the industrial system.
The state of the industrial arts, as it runs on the lines of the mechanical industry, is a technology of physics and chemistry. That is to say, it is governed by the same logic as the scientific laboratories. The procedure, the principles, habits of thought, preconceptions, units of measurement and of valuation, are the same in both cases.
The technology of physics and chemistry is not derived from established law and custom, and it goes on its way with as nearly complete a disregard of the spiritual truths of law and custom as the circumstances will permit. The realities with which this technology is occupied are of another order of actuality, lying altogether within the three dimensions that contain the material universe, and running altogether on the logic of material fact. In effect it is the logic of inanimate facts.
The mechanical industry makes use of the same range of facts handled in the same impersonal way and directed to the same manner of objective results. In both cases alike it is of the first importance to eliminate the â€œpersonal equation,â€
Re: RC - contemporary industry - sth. getting used to [#permalink]
28 Jan 2006, 08:13
14. (D) the impersonal organization of industry
15. (B) managing the profits
16. (B) An interest in pecuniary gain is the technicianâ€™s sole motive for participation in industry.
17. (B) The handicraft system of industrial production has gradually given rise to a mechanistic technology that dominates contemporary industry.
18. (E) neutral