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6. The use of gravity waves, which do not interact with [#permalink]
07 Jul 2004, 11:47
100% (01:34) correct
0% (00:00) wrong based on 1 sessions
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6. The use of gravity waves, which do not interact with matter in the way electromagnetic waves do, hopefully will enable astronomers to study the actual formation of black holes and neutron stars.
(A) in the way electromagnetic waves do, hopefully will enable
(B) in the way electromagnetic waves do, will, it is hoped, enable
(C) like electromagnetic waves, hopefully will enable
(D) like electromagnetic waves, would enable, hopefully
(E) such as electromagnetic waves do, will, it is hoped, enable
What is tested here? I am trying to see why I know the answer
I go for B.
In GMAT world, "hopefully" is a very scorned word.
When we want to express a statement about what is desired, "it is hoped" is next to always better to "hopefully". Even in most dictionaries, there is mention about the big criticism about the use of "hopefully"
It is between B and E
E with the use of "such as" introduces "electromagnetic waves" as a subset of "gravity waves".
Ex: I like fruits such as apples and oranges
B correctly compare 2 distinct elements.
Note the use of ellipsis here:
The use of gravity waves, which do not interact with matter in the way electromagnetic waves do [interact], will, it is hoped, enable astronomers to study the actual
"interact" is ellipsed and makes for a saving of words
Hopefully is incorrect usage according to most of the Usage Panel referred to by the American Heritage Dictionary, therefore A,C, D are out
Between B and E. in E "such as" shows similarity (pl. correct me if wrong)
1 : in a hopeful manner
2 : it is hoped : I hope : we hope
usage In the early 1960s the second sense of hopefully, which had been in sporadic use since around 1932, underwent a surge of popular use. A surge of popular criticism followed in reaction, but the criticism took no account of the grammar of adverbs. Hopefully in its second sense is a member of a class of adverbs known as disjuncts. Disjuncts serve as a means by which the author or speaker can comment directly to the reader or hearer usually on the content of the sentence to which they are attached. Many other adverbs (as interestingly, frankly, clearly, luckily, unfortunately) are similarly used; most are so ordinary as to excite no comment or interest whatsoever. The second sense of hopefully is entirely standard.