Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

It is currently 22 Oct 2014, 14:31

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:
1 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 18 Jun 2004
Posts: 105
Location: san jose , CA
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 16 [1] , given: 0

A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink] New post 31 Aug 2004, 23:51
1
This post received
KUDOS
13
This post was
BOOKMARKED
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump into the Great Lakes.

(A) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump
(B) reduced the phosphate amount that municipalities had been dumping
(C) reduces the phosphate amount municipalities have been allowed to dump
(D) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump
(E) reduces the amount of phosphates allowed for dumping by municipalities
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 07 Mar 2007
Posts: 5
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0

 [#permalink] New post 19 Jun 2007, 10:19
The answer from OG 11 is D and the explanation is:

The past tense reduced is used to describe a past action, and the present tense are allowed is used to describe the present situation since the dumping continues into the present.

However, the answer from SC 1000 is A. I also think why not A. Can anyone explain why we don't use past perfect tense here?
VP
VP
User avatar
Joined: 03 Apr 2007
Posts: 1377
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 194 [0], given: 10

Reviews Badge
Re: SC: agreement between Canada and the United States... [#permalink] New post 20 Jun 2007, 10:20
ahneil wrote:
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump into the Great Lakes.

A. reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump
B. reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been dumping
C. reduces the amount of phosphates that municipalities have been allowed to dump
D. reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump
E. reduces the amount of phosphates allowed for dumping by municipalities



A

This SC is testing for past perfect tense.
Anaction that happened in the past (say X) and something which happened before X (say Y)

here :reduced - X
had been allowed to dump - Y

had + past participle
CEO
CEO
User avatar
Joined: 21 Jan 2007
Posts: 2769
Location: New York City
Followers: 8

Kudos [?]: 254 [0], given: 4

 [#permalink] New post 30 Jun 2007, 18:09
ahneil wrote:
The answer from OG 11 is D and the explanation is:

The past tense reduced is used to describe a past action, and the present tense are allowed is used to describe the present situation since the dumping continues into the present.

However, the answer from SC 1000 is A. I also think why not A. Can anyone explain why we don't use past perfect tense here?


Past perfect tense shows an action that continued from a point in the past and ends at a later point in the past. There is no indication that the dumping ended. It was just reduced. Therefore, the OG explanation is correct. (How can u trust the SC1000 answer over the OG one!?!)
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 09 Apr 2007
Posts: 12
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0

 [#permalink] New post 30 Jun 2007, 18:28
The ansewer id D, 'are' indicates that its an ongoing activity!!!
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 17 May 2007
Posts: 179
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 7 [0], given: 0

 [#permalink] New post 01 Jul 2007, 03:05
It can't be A because the activity is still going on...

A indicates that an acitivity happened for a some period of time in the past.



D is the right answer..
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 11 Mar 2007
Posts: 154
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 4 [0], given: 0

A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States [#permalink] New post 19 Jul 2007, 13:20
2. A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump into the Great Lakes.
(A) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump
(B) reduced the phosphate amount that municipalities had been dumping
(C) reduces the phosphate amount municipalities have been allowed to dump
(D) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump
(E) reduces the amount of phosphates allowed for dumping by municipalities
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 08 Oct 2006
Posts: 216
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 5 [0], given: 0

 [#permalink] New post 19 Jul 2007, 13:29
D.
treaty took place in past and the the results of the treaty still hold so D seems to be alright.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 08 Oct 2006
Posts: 216
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 5 [0], given: 0

 [#permalink] New post 19 Jul 2007, 13:39
actually it all happened in the past. so 'A' is correct as the treaty reduced----the X------- had been allowed(past perfect) to dump.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 25 Nov 2006
Posts: 277
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 23 [0], given: 0

 [#permalink] New post 19 Jul 2007, 18:41
Shouldn't the answer be D. The agreement was in the past, but the action still continues.....
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 23 May 2007
Posts: 109
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 0

 [#permalink] New post 19 Jul 2007, 18:44
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 02 May 2004
Posts: 313
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 0

A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States [#permalink] New post 31 Aug 2007, 23:54
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump into the Great Lakes.

reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump

reduced the phosphate amount that municipalities had been dumping

reduces the phosphate amount municipalities have been allowed to dump

reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump

reduces the amount of phosphates allowed for dumping by municipalities



I disagree with the OA...It says A. I think it should be D as D makes sense and is the right tense
That doesn't make any sense. They signed the agreement in 1972. The agreement took effect that day. If you choose A, basically you are saying the agreement was effectively enacted before it was signed..am I correct that the wrong tense is used in A?
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 16 Feb 2007
Posts: 73
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 0

 [#permalink] New post 03 Sep 2007, 13:43
yes you are mistaken since the agreement reduced the amount they were allowed to dump BEFORE the agreement and did not reduce the amount they are NOW allowed to dump
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 08 Aug 2007
Posts: 2
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0

 [#permalink] New post 05 Sep 2007, 20:37
Yes it is A.
But I have seen other forums where D is marked as OA
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 30 Aug 2007
Posts: 34
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 0

 [#permalink] New post 18 Sep 2007, 06:54
I choose A

I can see why it might be D.

"are allowed to dump" is the present progressive" which can be an action arranged for the future
VP
VP
User avatar
Joined: 14 Feb 2005
Posts: 1001
Location: New York
Followers: 5

Kudos [?]: 16 [0], given: 0

 [#permalink] New post 25 Oct 2007, 14:38
Quote:
reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump


Amount of Phosphates is Singular or Plural??
2 KUDOS received
Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 13 Dec 2006
Posts: 521
Location: Indonesia
Followers: 6

Kudos [?]: 96 [2] , given: 0

phosphate [#permalink] New post 28 Nov 2007, 17:28
2
This post received
KUDOS
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump into the Great Lakes.

(A) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump
(B) reduced the phosphate amount that municipalities had been dumping
(C) reduces the phosphate amount municipalities have been allowed to dump
(D) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump
(E) reduces the amount of phosphates allowed for dumping by municipalities

Amar
2 KUDOS received
CEO
CEO
User avatar
Joined: 29 Mar 2007
Posts: 2593
Followers: 16

Kudos [?]: 197 [2] , given: 0

Re: phosphate [#permalink] New post 28 Nov 2007, 18:49
2
This post received
KUDOS
Amardeep Sharma wrote:
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump into the Great Lakes.

(A) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump
(B) reduced the phosphate amount that municipalities had been dumping
(C) reduces the phosphate amount municipalities have been allowed to dump
(D) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump
(E) reduces the amount of phosphates allowed for dumping by municipalities

Amar



I think its A.
2 KUDOS received
Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 26 Mar 2006
Posts: 647
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 13 [2] , given: 0

Re: phosphate [#permalink] New post 28 Nov 2007, 19:39
2
This post received
KUDOS
Amardeep Sharma wrote:
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump into the Great Lakes.

(A) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump
(B) reduced the phosphate amount that municipalities had been dumping
(C) reduces the phosphate amount municipalities have been allowed to dump
(D) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump
(E) reduces the amount of phosphates allowed for dumping by municipalities

Amar


Will take a chance and go for 'D'
2 KUDOS received
Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 09 Aug 2006
Posts: 529
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 25 [2] , given: 0

Re: phosphate [#permalink] New post 28 Nov 2007, 19:50
2
This post received
KUDOS
Amardeep Sharma wrote:
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump into the Great Lakes.

(A) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump
(B) reduced the phosphate amount that municipalities had been dumping
(C) reduces the phosphate amount municipalities have been allowed to dump
(D) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump
(E) reduces the amount of phosphates allowed for dumping by municipalities

Amar


Yes, the answer is A. After a long thought I could understand this.. Initially I went for D but then a little more thought and some reading of tenses again led me to A..
The agreement happened in the past hence 'reduced' should be there..
Now the agreement reduced something that was there earlier.. i.e the amount of phospates dumped in lake.. Hence this was allowed earlier only (Earlier event ) .. The agreement reduced this limit .. (later event)

Hence A..
Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 13 Dec 2006
Posts: 521
Location: Indonesia
Followers: 6

Kudos [?]: 96 [0], given: 0

Re: phosphate [#permalink] New post 29 Nov 2007, 16:24
Beyond700 wrote:
Amardeep Sharma wrote:
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump into the Great Lakes.

(A) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump
(B) reduced the phosphate amount that municipalities had been dumping
(C) reduces the phosphate amount municipalities have been allowed to dump
(D) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump
(E) reduces the amount of phosphates allowed for dumping by municipalities

OA is D, can you explain why it is

Amar

Amar


Will take a chance and go for 'D'
Re: phosphate   [#permalink] 29 Nov 2007, 16:24
    Similar topics Author Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States mahesh004 0 19 Oct 2005, 09:36
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States ywilfred 0 30 Aug 2005, 05:57
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States wild_desperado 0 17 Jun 2005, 00:30
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States dipaksingh 0 04 Jun 2005, 12:58
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States banerjeea_98 0 12 Mar 2005, 21:19
Display posts from previous: Sort by

A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  

Go to page   Previous    1  ...  5   6   7   8   9   10   11  ...  20    Next  [ 399 posts ] 



GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Privacy Policy| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.