Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

It is currently 20 Oct 2014, 18:13

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:
1 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 18 Jun 2004
Posts: 105
Location: san jose , CA
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 16 [1] , given: 0

A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce [#permalink] New post 31 Aug 2004, 23:51
1
This post received
KUDOS
13
This post was
BOOKMARKED
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump into the Great Lakes.

(A) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump
(B) reduced the phosphate amount that municipalities had been dumping
(C) reduces the phosphate amount municipalities have been allowed to dump
(D) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump
(E) reduces the amount of phosphates allowed for dumping by municipalities
Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 26 Mar 2006
Posts: 647
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 13 [0], given: 0

Re: phosphate [#permalink] New post 29 Nov 2007, 16:44
Amardeep Sharma wrote:
Beyond700 wrote:
Amardeep Sharma wrote:
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump into the Great Lakes.

(A) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump
(B) reduced the phosphate amount that municipalities had been dumping
(C) reduces the phosphate amount municipalities have been allowed to dump
(D) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump
(E) reduces the amount of phosphates allowed for dumping by municipalities

OA is D, can you explain why it is

Amar

Amar


Will take a chance and go for 'D'


An agreement holds good for the future.. In otherwords, we are not talking about an event, where sequence of events determine the tense usage but an agreement or signed concord on the paper..
Dumping is happening even now and will happen in the future, but the amount is reduced.
I fail to see any grammatical issues in 'A' & 'D' .It is more on depiction.
2 KUDOS received
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 14 Nov 2007
Posts: 14
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 6 [2] , given: 0

 [#permalink] New post 30 Nov 2007, 10:39
2
This post received
KUDOS
D. The reduction holds today and will continue to hold in future. therefore, i'd go with the "are allowed to dump" over "had been/have been"
2 KUDOS received
Intern
Intern
User avatar
Joined: 10 Feb 2007
Posts: 46
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 7 [2] , given: 0

 [#permalink] New post 30 Nov 2007, 17:39
2
This post received
KUDOS
Posted: Wed Nov 28, 2007 5:28 pm Post subject: phosphate

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump into the Great Lakes.

(A) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump CORRECT
(B) reduced the phosphate amount that municipalities had been dumping
(C) reduces the phosphate amount municipalities have been allowed to dump
(D) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump
(E) reduces the amount of phosphates allowed for dumping by municipalities

The agreement happened in 1972 which "reduced" the amount of phosphates.....the dumping happened before the agreement, so it should be "had".
2 KUDOS received
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 19 Nov 2007
Posts: 477
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 52 [2] , given: 4

GMAT ToolKit User
Re: [#permalink] New post 07 Jan 2008, 15:33
2
This post received
KUDOS
abhishakes2001 wrote:
D. The reduction holds today and will continue to hold in future. therefore, i'd go with the "are allowed to dump" over "had been/have been"



well how do you know that it holds today?
_________________

-Underline your question. It takes only a few seconds!
-Search before you post.

1 KUDOS received
Intern
Intern
User avatar
Joined: 25 Nov 2007
Posts: 21
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 10 [1] , given: 9

GMAT ToolKit User
Re: phosphate [#permalink] New post 22 Feb 2008, 20:28
1
This post received
KUDOS
I found a solution sheet where the ans is A. Any explanations?
1 KUDOS received
Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 30 Jun 2007
Posts: 793
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 107 [1] , given: 0

Re: phosphate [#permalink] New post 22 Feb 2008, 22:30
1
This post received
KUDOS
1972 agreement – requires in simple past
And the effects of the past into simple present tense


(A) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump [“had been allowed” cannot represent present – eliminate it]

(B) reduced the phosphate amount that municipalities had been dumping [ “had been dumping” cannot refer present tense – eliminate it]

(C) reduces the phosphate amount municipalities have been allowed to dump [1972 time frame needs to be in simple past – eliminate it]

(D) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump [Hold it]

(E) reduces the amount of phosphates allowed for dumping by municipalities [1972 time frame needs to be in simple past – eliminate it]

Answer: D
1 KUDOS received
Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 05 Jan 2008
Posts: 709
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 108 [1] , given: 0

Re: phosphate [#permalink] New post 27 Feb 2008, 21:06
1
This post received
KUDOS
Everytime I get to this question, I do pick D and the answer shows A,

Is A the correct answer?, I think A shows the agreement reduced the amount of phospates that the muncipalities had been allowed until that time(1972)

Thus I think, A is more appropriate
_________________

Persistence+Patience+Persistence+Patience=G...O...A...L

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 15 Aug 2007
Posts: 291
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 58 [0], given: 0

Re: phosphate [#permalink] New post 02 Mar 2008, 07:12
Deleted ... as it was a useless post by me.
- hunt

Last edited by huntgmat on 24 Jun 2008, 21:14, edited 1 time in total.
1 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 12 Feb 2008
Posts: 182
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 33 [1] , given: 0

Re: phosphate [#permalink] New post 04 Mar 2008, 12:42
1
This post received
KUDOS
D it is.

a sounds a lot more wordy if you think about it.
VP
VP
User avatar
Joined: 22 Oct 2006
Posts: 1443
Schools: Chicago Booth '11
Followers: 7

Kudos [?]: 150 [0], given: 12

Re: phosphate [#permalink] New post 05 Mar 2008, 06:04
A

D changes meaning, when the answer states " are allowed to dump " that refers to to present tense, but we know the dumping happened BEFORE 1972 so we need past perfect to convey action that happened before a prev action
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 08 Apr 2008
Posts: 47
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 7 [0], given: 0

Re: phosphate [#permalink] New post 12 Apr 2008, 19:32
So what is the OA?
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 19 Mar 2007
Posts: 18
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 3 [0], given: 0

Re: phosphate [#permalink] New post 12 Apr 2008, 23:38
This question is from OG and the answer there is D.
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 11 Apr 2008
Posts: 157
Schools: Kellogg(A), Wharton(W), Columbia(D)
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 55 [0], given: 0

Re: phosphate [#permalink] New post 19 May 2008, 00:17
hedggie wrote:
This question is from OG and the answer there is D.

I can't find it on the OG. Is it OG 10 or OG 11. Can someone help. I think its A.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 19 Apr 2008
Posts: 325
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 34 [0], given: 0

Re: phosphate [#permalink] New post 20 May 2008, 10:21
I found this from gmatter , I think answer is A
Attachments

SC.JPG
SC.JPG [ 67.33 KiB | Viewed 865 times ]

Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 14 Oct 2007
Posts: 759
Location: Oxford
Schools: Oxford'10
Followers: 13

Kudos [?]: 178 [0], given: 8

Re: phosphate [#permalink] New post 20 May 2008, 12:06
Hi rpmodi,

gmatter contrains several errors. This particular question has been discussed several times and the answer is infact D.
2 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 11 Apr 2008
Posts: 157
Schools: Kellogg(A), Wharton(W), Columbia(D)
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 55 [2] , given: 0

Re: phosphate [#permalink] New post 20 May 2008, 20:41
2
This post received
KUDOS
buffdaddy wrote:
Hi rpmodi,

gmatter contrains several errors. This particular question has been discussed several times and the answer is infact D.

Hi,

Do you have any links relating to this....?
I think it could even be context dependent. Consider this sentence as a part of a paragraph

Case 1:
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump into the Great Lakes. Later, in 1982, another agreement between Canada and the United States further reduced this amount by another 35 percent.

Case 2:
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are to dump into the Great Lakes. Today, the phosphate pollution level in the Great Lakes is very low.


NOTE: In case 2 - had been - would still work.
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 27 May 2008
Posts: 143
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 12 [0], given: 0

Re: phosphate [#permalink] New post 27 May 2008, 08:29
seems like here's a big argument on this question.

surely D cant be the answer, as it shows the agreement is followed in the present too, thus alters the meaning of the sentence.

A, though not written in the best way, seems to be the right answer.
1 KUDOS received
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 29 Aug 2005
Posts: 283
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 25 [1] , given: 0

Re: phosphate [#permalink] New post 27 May 2008, 09:08
1
This post received
KUDOS
IMO D is the clear winner
_________________

The world is continuous, but the mind is discrete

SVP
SVP
User avatar
Joined: 07 Nov 2007
Posts: 1829
Location: New York
Followers: 27

Kudos [?]: 472 [0], given: 5

Re: phosphate [#permalink] New post 07 Jun 2008, 22:43
Tough fight going on between A&D

Here is my analysis. Please correct me if I am wrong.

(A)1972 Agreement .. reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump
reduced -- pastense had been allowed [ past perfect]

Let me split the above setence
[Govt] had allowed municipalities to dump amount of phospates [ this happended first]
then "1972 agreement reduced the amount of phosphates".
Does it make sense? When agreement reduced the amount of phosphates, [Govt] not alloing municpalites to dump(becuase that is already over] -- so A is wrong..

If it was "were allowed" instead of " had been allowed" then sentence would be correct.
1972 Agreement .. reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities were allowed to dump

AM I thinking tooo much... Its midnight 2:30 am... :lol: :lol: I doubt it..

I will go for D.








(D) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump
_________________

Your attitude determines your altitude
Smiling wins more friends than frowning

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 01 May 2008
Posts: 114
Location: São Paulo
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 4 [0], given: 0

Re: phosphate [#permalink] New post 08 Jun 2008, 14:16
IMO it's D, for the reason posted by x2suresh
Re: phosphate   [#permalink] 08 Jun 2008, 14:16
    Similar topics Author Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States mahesh004 0 19 Oct 2005, 09:36
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States ywilfred 0 30 Aug 2005, 05:57
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States wild_desperado 0 17 Jun 2005, 00:30
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States dipaksingh 0 04 Jun 2005, 12:58
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States banerjeea_98 0 12 Mar 2005, 21:19
Display posts from previous: Sort by

A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  

Go to page   Previous    1  ...  6   7   8   9   10   11   12  ...  20    Next  [ 399 posts ] 



GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Privacy Policy| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.