A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC) - Page 9
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# A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce

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31 Aug 2004, 23:51
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A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump into the Great Lakes.

(A) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump
(B) reduced the phosphate amount that municipalities had been dumping
(C) reduces the phosphate amount municipalities have been allowed to dump
(D) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump
(E) reduces the amount of phosphates allowed for dumping by municipalities
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29 Nov 2007, 16:44
Amardeep Sharma wrote:
Beyond700 wrote:
Amardeep Sharma wrote:
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump into the Great Lakes.

(A) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump
(B) reduced the phosphate amount that municipalities had been dumping
(C) reduces the phosphate amount municipalities have been allowed to dump
(D) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump
(E) reduces the amount of phosphates allowed for dumping by municipalities

OA is D, can you explain why it is

Amar

Amar

Will take a chance and go for 'D'

An agreement holds good for the future.. In otherwords, we are not talking about an event, where sequence of events determine the tense usage but an agreement or signed concord on the paper..
Dumping is happening even now and will happen in the future, but the amount is reduced.
I fail to see any grammatical issues in 'A' & 'D' .It is more on depiction.
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30 Nov 2007, 10:39
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D. The reduction holds today and will continue to hold in future. therefore, i'd go with the "are allowed to dump" over "had been/have been"
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30 Nov 2007, 17:39
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Posted: Wed Nov 28, 2007 5:28 pm Post subject: phosphate

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump into the Great Lakes.

(A) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump CORRECT
(B) reduced the phosphate amount that municipalities had been dumping
(C) reduces the phosphate amount municipalities have been allowed to dump
(D) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump
(E) reduces the amount of phosphates allowed for dumping by municipalities

The agreement happened in 1972 which "reduced" the amount of phosphates.....the dumping happened before the agreement, so it should be "had".
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07 Jan 2008, 15:33
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abhishakes2001 wrote:
D. The reduction holds today and will continue to hold in future. therefore, i'd go with the "are allowed to dump" over "had been/have been"

well how do you know that it holds today?
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22 Feb 2008, 20:28
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I found a solution sheet where the ans is A. Any explanations?
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22 Feb 2008, 22:30
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1972 agreement – requires in simple past
And the effects of the past into simple present tense

(A) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump [“had been allowed” cannot represent present – eliminate it]

(B) reduced the phosphate amount that municipalities had been dumping [ “had been dumping” cannot refer present tense – eliminate it]

(C) reduces the phosphate amount municipalities have been allowed to dump [1972 time frame needs to be in simple past – eliminate it]

(D) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump [Hold it]

(E) reduces the amount of phosphates allowed for dumping by municipalities [1972 time frame needs to be in simple past – eliminate it]

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27 Feb 2008, 21:06
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Everytime I get to this question, I do pick D and the answer shows A,

Is A the correct answer?, I think A shows the agreement reduced the amount of phospates that the muncipalities had been allowed until that time(1972)

Thus I think, A is more appropriate
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02 Mar 2008, 07:12
Deleted ... as it was a useless post by me.
- hunt

Last edited by huntgmat on 24 Jun 2008, 21:14, edited 1 time in total.
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04 Mar 2008, 12:42
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D it is.

a sounds a lot more wordy if you think about it.
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05 Mar 2008, 06:04
A

D changes meaning, when the answer states " are allowed to dump " that refers to to present tense, but we know the dumping happened BEFORE 1972 so we need past perfect to convey action that happened before a prev action
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12 Apr 2008, 19:32
So what is the OA?
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12 Apr 2008, 23:38
This question is from OG and the answer there is D.
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19 May 2008, 00:17
hedggie wrote:
This question is from OG and the answer there is D.

I can't find it on the OG. Is it OG 10 or OG 11. Can someone help. I think its A.
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20 May 2008, 10:21
I found this from gmatter , I think answer is A
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20 May 2008, 12:06
Hi rpmodi,

gmatter contrains several errors. This particular question has been discussed several times and the answer is infact D.
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20 May 2008, 20:41
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Hi rpmodi,

gmatter contrains several errors. This particular question has been discussed several times and the answer is infact D.

Hi,

Do you have any links relating to this....?
I think it could even be context dependent. Consider this sentence as a part of a paragraph

Case 1:
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump into the Great Lakes. Later, in 1982, another agreement between Canada and the United States further reduced this amount by another 35 percent.

Case 2:
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are to dump into the Great Lakes. Today, the phosphate pollution level in the Great Lakes is very low.

NOTE: In case 2 - had been - would still work.
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27 May 2008, 08:29
seems like here's a big argument on this question.

surely D cant be the answer, as it shows the agreement is followed in the present too, thus alters the meaning of the sentence.

A, though not written in the best way, seems to be the right answer.
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27 May 2008, 09:08
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IMO D is the clear winner
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07 Jun 2008, 22:43
Tough fight going on between A&D

Here is my analysis. Please correct me if I am wrong.

(A)1972 Agreement .. reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump
reduced -- pastense had been allowed [ past perfect]

Let me split the above setence
[Govt] had allowed municipalities to dump amount of phospates [ this happended first]
then "1972 agreement reduced the amount of phosphates".
Does it make sense? When agreement reduced the amount of phosphates, [Govt] not alloing municpalites to dump(becuase that is already over] -- so A is wrong..

If it was "were allowed" instead of " had been allowed" then sentence would be correct.
1972 Agreement .. reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities were allowed to dump

AM I thinking tooo much... Its midnight 2:30 am... I doubt it..

I will go for D.

(D) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump
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08 Jun 2008, 14:16
IMO it's D, for the reason posted by x2suresh
Re: phosphate   [#permalink] 08 Jun 2008, 14:16

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