A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC) - Page 3
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# A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduce

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Manager
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31 Aug 2004, 23:51
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A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump into the Great Lakes.

(A) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump
(B) reduced the phosphate amount that municipalities had been dumping
(C) reduces the phosphate amount municipalities have been allowed to dump
(D) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump
(E) reduces the amount of phosphates allowed for dumping by municipalities
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29 Aug 2005, 05:15
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump into the Great Lakes.

(A) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump
(B) reduced the phosphate amount that municipalities had been dumping
(C) reduces the phosphate amount municipalities have been allowed to dump
(D) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump
(E) reduces the amount of phosphates allowed for dumping by municipalities
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29 Aug 2005, 06:45
A is my choice.

(A) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump

- this one is fine.

(B) reduced the phosphate amount that municipalities had been dumping
- out . need amount of phosphate, instead of phosphate amount
(C) reduces the phosphate amount municipalities have been allowed to dump
- need amount of phosphate, instead of phosphate amount
(D) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump
- out wrong tense. either should be reduces to parallel to are OR were allowed to parallel reduced.
(E) reduces the amount of phosphates allowed for dumping by municipalities
- out, alowed for, need allowed to
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29 Aug 2005, 09:16
A. municipalities had been dumping the phosphate into the hreat lakes before the agreement between Canada and the United States in 1972
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29 Aug 2005, 11:25
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A is ok.

had been, a prior event before the agreement
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30 Aug 2005, 05:57
OA is A. It's testing 'tenses' here.
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28 Sep 2005, 04:59
Probably a old question but will be helpful for new members and I dont know the answer....

A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump into the Great Lakes.
(A) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump
(B) reduced the phosphate amount that municipalities had been dumping
(C) reduces the phosphate amount municipalities have been allowed to dump
(D) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump
(E) reduces the amount of phosphates allowed for dumping by municipalities
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28 Sep 2005, 05:20
Between A and D, D states that the agreement still stands today.
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28 Sep 2005, 08:50
An action in past stops an action happened before it------>the pair of tenses : simple past and past perfect. Thus, we can eliminate C,D,E.
B seems ok, but it can not deliver the original meaning of the sentence as "allowed" is eliminated.
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Re: SC - 1972 agreement [#permalink]

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28 Sep 2005, 16:35
ranga41 wrote:
Probably a old question but will be helpful for new members and I dont know the answer....

A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump into the Great Lakes.
(A) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump

A is ok as it is.
B-phosphate amount is wrong. also tense problem-had been dumping
C-phosphate amount. also tense problem-have been allowed to dump
D-tense problem-are allowed to dump
E-tense problem-reduces the amount of phosphates allowed
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28 Sep 2005, 19:00
I would say A too

ps : ranga41, I've checked and I have the OA for this question. I'll give it later.
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28 Sep 2005, 21:16
1. The agreement is signed up in 1972, and so "reduced" is better than "reduces". Thus, (C) and (E) are eliminated.

2. What is reduced is "the amount", not "phosphates" itself. Thus, (B) and (C) are eliminated.

Between the remaining (A) and (D), I'd say (A) is better.
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29 Sep 2005, 02:33
one more vote for A.
I guess, the past participle shud be used.

KRishna
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29 Sep 2005, 05:57
Antmavel wrote:
I would say A too

ps : ranga41, I've checked and I have the OA for this question. I'll give it later.

Hi Antmavel, thanks for the response, i think it is time for OA, i believe it is A...
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29 Sep 2005, 19:17
ranga41 wrote:
Antmavel wrote:
I would say A too

ps : ranga41, I've checked and I have the OA for this question. I'll give it later.

Hi Antmavel, thanks for the response, i think it is time for OA, i believe it is A...

OA is A
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17 Oct 2005, 19:44
A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump into the Great Lakes.

(A) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump
(B) reduced the phosphate amount that municipalities had been dumping
(C) reduces the phosphate amount municipalities have been allowed to dump
(D) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump
(E) reduces the amount of phosphates allowed for dumping by municipalities
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17 Oct 2005, 19:47
A

No error.

(B) 'allowed' is missing
(C) 'reduces' invalid tense
(D) 'municipalities are' invalid tense
(E) 'reduces' invalid tense
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17 Oct 2005, 19:56
the correct answer must contain past perfect tense. I go for A.
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17 Oct 2005, 20:29

I always have been answering this question A as answer but according to OG (11th edition, #62) it is D as i just rememberd and verified too
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18 Oct 2005, 13:43
It was D for me ; i reason, the agreement is still in effect. Hence the latter part of the sentence must be in present tense
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18 Oct 2005, 20:39
I remember it is D too.

my reasoning is the same as hkm_gmat's

If you use had, it means the agreement had ended sometime in the past.
18 Oct 2005, 20:39

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