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A 1991 calculation was made to determine what, if any,

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A 1991 calculation was made to determine what, if any, [#permalink] New post 29 Aug 2012, 14:45
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88% (02:35) correct 12% (01:40) wrong based on 77 sessions
A 1991 calculation was made to determine what, if any, additional health-care costs beyond the ordinary are borne by society at large for people who live a sedentary life. The figure reached was a lifetime average of $1,650. Thus people's voluntary choice not to exercise places a significant burden on society.
Which one of the following, if true and not taken into account by the calculation, most seriously weakens the argument?
(A) Many people whose employment requires physical exertion do not choose to engage in regular physical exercise when they are not at work.
(B) Exercise is a topic that is often omitted from discussion between doctor and patient during a patient's visit.
(C) Physical conditions that eventually require medical or nursing-home care often first predispose a person to adopt a sedentary lifestyle.
(D) Individuals vary widely in the amount and kind of exercise they choose, when they do exercise regularly.
(E) A regular program of moderate exercise tends to increase circulation, induce a feeling of well-being and energy, and decrease excess weight.

Please come with explanations. OA later.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by joshnsit on 27 Dec 2013, 14:28, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Nasty one: A 1991 calculation was made to determine what. [#permalink] New post 29 Aug 2012, 17:31
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It's C; it's just a reversal of cause and effect. The argument says "people who choose not to exercise develop medical problems which cost society money." C says that the medical problems might instead cause people not to exercise. Those medical problems are then the source of the expense to society, and not people's unwillingness to exercise, as the argument claims.

None of the other answers even seem particularly relevant, so I think you could also arrive at the answer here by elimination.
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Re: Nasty one: A 1991 calculation was made to determine what. [#permalink] New post 29 Aug 2012, 17:51
C answer is C for sure

A is close but these people already get regular exercise .. andyou cannot really isolate a group groups are not mentioned here
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Re: Nasty one: A 1991 calculation was made to determine what. [#permalink] New post 29 Aug 2012, 17:52
if A causes B then to weaken prove B causes A
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Re: Nasty one: A 1991 calculation was made to determine what. [#permalink] New post 29 Aug 2012, 18:02
whats wrong with a
i thought option a can impose a statistical error as the people who have lot of physical activity are more prone to hospitalization
but they are excluded from the people whoare involved in the physical exercise

looks like i have made lot of assumptions so i missed that one
but i think weakening question can bring new information into the argument

can i bring my assumptions along with information or they should be defined in the argument
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Re: Nasty one: A 1991 calculation was made to determine what. [#permalink] New post 30 Aug 2012, 13:51
mohan514 wrote:
whats wrong with a
i thought option a can impose a statistical error as the people who have lot of physical activity are more prone to hospitalization
but they are excluded from the people whoare involved in the physical exercise

looks like i have made lot of assumptions so i missed that one
but i think weakening question can bring new information into the argument
can i bring my assumptions along with information or they should be defined in the argument
You can bring in a new info in a weaken question for sure.

As far as "why A is wrong?" is concerned, The argument is targeting the people "WHO live a sedentary life" in the first line of the argument. This makes "people living actively at work" as in A to fall out of the set of people argument is referring to.

Also, the question stem refers unusually to "not taken into account by calculation" to raise the bells for making A out of league of probable answers.
HTH
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If you know what you're worth, then go out and get what you're worth. But you gotta be willing to take the hits, and not pointing fingers saying you ain't where you wanna be because of anybody! Cowards do that and You're better than that!
The path is long, but self-surrender makes it short; the way is difficult, but perfect trust makes it easy.

Fire the final bullet only when you are constantly hitting the Bull's eye, till then KEEP PRACTICING.
Failure establishes only this, that our determination to succeed was not strong enough.
Getting defeated is just a temporary notion, giving it up is what makes it permanent.

Press +1 Kudos, if you think my post gave u a tiny tip.

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Re: Nasty one: A 1991 calculation was made to determine what. [#permalink] New post 31 Aug 2012, 00:20
Step 1:
Narrowed it down to A and C because of the following:
B: Doctors talks is not going to impact the calculation.
D: The "amount and kind of exercise" dont impact the calculation.
E: The characteristics about circulation and benefits dont impact the calculation.

Step 2:
A: A doesn't actually talk about people in Sedentary life. There is a difference. NOT EXCERSICING DOES NOT EQUAL SEDANTARY. Secondly, what if the many people we are talking about is only a say for e.g. ~1% of the entire population. Then this argument is invalid.
C: If he is forced to lead a sedantary life the calculation is ALL wrong in the first place.
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Re: Nasty one: A 1991 calculation was made to determine what. [#permalink] New post 31 Aug 2012, 01:55
Paraphrase the Q: Voluntary choice not to exercise.

A, B, D & E don't weaken the argument

Therefore C is the answer.

What is the OA?
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Re: Nasty one: A 1991 calculation was made to determine what. [#permalink] New post 02 Sep 2012, 23:35
C makes sense.
B, D and E can be ignored right away.
A and C made go back to passage again.
Re: Nasty one: A 1991 calculation was made to determine what.   [#permalink] 02 Sep 2012, 23:35
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