Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

 It is currently 25 Jul 2016, 09:25

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

A bag contains 3 white balls, 3 black balls & 2 red balls

Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Manager
Joined: 28 Jul 2004
Posts: 136
Location: Melbourne
Schools: Yale SOM, Tuck, Ross, IESE, HEC, Johnson, Booth
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 39 [3] , given: 2

A bag contains 3 white balls, 3 black balls & 2 red balls [#permalink]

Show Tags

29 Aug 2010, 09:06
3
KUDOS
17
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

45% (medium)

Question Stats:

69% (02:05) correct 31% (02:05) wrong based on 342 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

A bag contains 3 white balls, 3 black balls & 2 red balls. One by one three balls are drawn out without replacement. What is the probability that the third ball is red?

A. 0.25
B. 0.15
C. 0.35
D. 0.45
E. 0.40
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

_________________

kris

Manager
Joined: 25 Jun 2010
Posts: 91
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 31 [0], given: 0

Re: What is the Probability of Red Ball? [#permalink]

Show Tags

29 Aug 2010, 09:49
Favorable outcomes :

WWR -> P(WWR)= 3/8 * 2/7 * 2/6 = 12/336
WRR -> P(WRR)= 3/8 * 2/7 * 1/6 = 6/336
RWR -> P(RWR)= 2/8 * 3/7 * 1/6 = 6/336
BBR -> P(BBR)= 3/8 * 2/7 * 2/6 = 12/336
BRR -> P(BRR)= 3/8 * 2/7 * 1/7 = 6/336
RBR -> P(RBR)= 2/8 * 3/7 * 1/6 = 6/336
WBR -> P(WBR)= 3/8 * 3/7 * 2/6 = 18/336
BWR -> P(BWR)= 3/8 * 3/7 * 2/6 = 18/336

So, P(Total) = 84/336 = 1/4 = 0.25
Director
Status: Apply - Last Chance
Affiliations: IIT, Purdue, PhD, TauBetaPi
Joined: 18 Jul 2010
Posts: 690
Schools: Wharton, Sloan, Chicago, Haas
WE 1: 8 years in Oil&Gas
Followers: 15

Kudos [?]: 131 [4] , given: 15

Re: What is the Probability of Red Ball? [#permalink]

Show Tags

29 Aug 2010, 10:47
4
KUDOS
In problems such as these, the answer is just the probability based on the initial population... so 2/8 and it would be the same answer regardless of the nth try, 1st, 5th, 8th...
_________________

Consider kudos, they are good for health

Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 34043
Followers: 6081

Kudos [?]: 76408 [9] , given: 9974

Re: What is the Probability of Red Ball? [#permalink]

Show Tags

29 Aug 2010, 11:11
9
KUDOS
Expert's post
3
This post was
BOOKMARKED
krishan wrote:
A bag contains 3 white balls, 3 black balls & 2 red balls. One by one three balls are drawn out without replacement. What is the probability that the third ball is red?

A. 0.25
B. 0.15
C. 0.35
D. 0.45
E. 0.40

Thanks

The initial probability of drawing red ball is 2/8. Without knowing the other results, the probability of drawing red ball will not change for ANY successive drawing: second, third, fourth...

Similar problems:
probability-of-picking-last-97015.html?hilit=initial%20probability

Hope it's clear.
_________________
Manager
Joined: 25 Jun 2010
Posts: 91
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 31 [0], given: 0

Re: What is the Probability of Red Ball? [#permalink]

Show Tags

29 Aug 2010, 15:34
Excellent Bunuel!
I have seen a couple of such nice, handful and timesavers scattered across different posts . Have you considered posting a sticky where you collect them at one place.
That would be very helpful , also the GMatClub may add it to the math section of the IPhone app.

Thanks

Posted from GMAT ToolKit
Manager
Joined: 16 Feb 2010
Posts: 224
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 233 [0], given: 16

Re: What is the Probability of Red Ball? [#permalink]

Show Tags

29 Aug 2010, 17:35
Bunuel wrote:
krishan wrote:
A bag contains 3 white balls, 3 black balls & 2 red balls. One by one three balls are drawn out without replacement. What is the probability that the third ball is red?

A. 0.25
B. 0.15
C. 0.35
D. 0.45
E. 0.40

Thanks

The initial probability of drawing red ball is 2/8. Without knowing the other results, the probability of drawing red ball will not change for ANY successive drawing: second, third, fourth...

Similar problems:
probability-of-picking-last-97015.html?hilit=initial%20probability

Hope it's clear.

!!!!!
went the long way - still under 2min

RedOtherRed +OtherRR+OOR

$$\frac{1}{28}+\frac{1}{28}+\frac{5}{28}=\frac{7}{28}=\frac{1}{4}$$
Senior Manager
Joined: 14 Jun 2010
Posts: 333
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 20 [0], given: 7

Re: What is the Probability of Red Ball? [#permalink]

Show Tags

30 Aug 2010, 06:54
P(drawing a red ball) = 1-P(not drawing a red ball )
=> 1-6C1/8C1 = 1/4
Manager
Joined: 16 Feb 2010
Posts: 224
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 233 [0], given: 16

Re: What is the Probability of Red Ball? [#permalink]

Show Tags

30 Aug 2010, 06:58
psychomath wrote:
P(drawing a red ball) = 1-P(not drawing a red ball )
=> 1-6C1/8C1 = 1/4

IMO when someone masters the ability to use combinations and probability at the same time in a gmat question, he/she has reached the level to move to a different topic....

@psychomath nice solution...
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 6742
Location: Pune, India
Followers: 1873

Kudos [?]: 11522 [3] , given: 219

Re: A bag contains 3 white balls, 3 black balls & 2 red balls [#permalink]

Show Tags

24 Jun 2012, 02:58
3
KUDOS
Expert's post
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
krishan wrote:
A bag contains 3 white balls, 3 black balls & 2 red balls. One by one three balls are drawn out without replacement. What is the probability that the third ball is red?

A. 0.25
B. 0.15
C. 0.35
D. 0.45
E. 0.40

Responding to a pm:

The point is that the probability of picking a red will not depend on which draw it is.

In the first draw, probability of picking a red is 2/8 = 1/4

Probability of picking a red in the second draw:

2 cases:

Case 1: First draw is non red.
Probability = (6/8)*(2/7)
This is equal to (2/8)(6/7). Think about it: Probability of picking non red first and then red will be the same as probability of picking a red first and then a non red.

Case 2: First draw is red.
Probability = (2/8)*(1/7)
This is the probability of picking a red first and then a red again.

Total probability of second draw being red = (2/8)*(6/7) + (2/8)*(1/7) = 2/8
This is just the probability of picking a red first and then any ball (non red or red). Probability of picking ANY ball will be 1. Hence, the probability of picking a red in the second draw will be the same as the probability of picking a red in the first draw.

Similarly probability of picking a red in any draw will be the same.
_________________

Karishma
Veritas Prep | GMAT Instructor
My Blog

Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for $199 Veritas Prep Reviews Senior Manager Joined: 07 Sep 2010 Posts: 335 Followers: 5 Kudos [?]: 500 [0], given: 136 Re: A bag contains 3 white balls, 3 black balls & 2 red balls [#permalink] Show Tags 26 Jun 2012, 06:47 Hi Karishma, Thank You for the explanation. Just curious to know, do we have any scenario where this phenomenon fails. Thanks VeritasPrepKarishma wrote: The point is that the probability of picking a red will not depend on which draw it is. _________________ +1 Kudos me, Help me unlocking GMAT Club Tests Manager Joined: 04 Apr 2013 Posts: 153 Followers: 1 Kudos [?]: 37 [0], given: 36 Re: What is the Probability of Red Ball? [#permalink] Show Tags 29 Jun 2013, 05:01 Bunuel wrote: krishan wrote: A bag contains 3 white balls, 3 black balls & 2 red balls. One by one three balls are drawn out without replacement. What is the probability that the third ball is red? A. 0.25 B. 0.15 C. 0.35 D. 0.45 E. 0.40 Thanks The initial probability of drawing red ball is 2/8. Without knowing the other results, the probability of drawing red ball will not change for ANY successive drawing: second, third, fourth... Similar problems: ps-probability-gmat-made-me-lose-my-marbles-36830.html?hilit=initial%20draw probability-of-picking-last-97015.html?hilit=initial%20probability probability-question-please-solve-90272.html?hilit=initial%20probability#p686028 Hope it's clear. Bunuel, Why is it not 7c2 * 1 / 8c3 = 3/8? selecting any 2 without 1 red is 7c2....selecting the last red is 1...so fav outcomes = 7c2 * 1 total outcomes = 8c3 prob = 7c2/8c3 Where am I going wrong? please explain.. _________________ Maadhu MGMAT1 - 540 ( Trying to improve ) Math Expert Joined: 02 Sep 2009 Posts: 34043 Followers: 6081 Kudos [?]: 76408 [0], given: 9974 Re: What is the Probability of Red Ball? [#permalink] Show Tags 29 Jun 2013, 05:43 Expert's post maaadhu wrote: Bunuel wrote: krishan wrote: A bag contains 3 white balls, 3 black balls & 2 red balls. One by one three balls are drawn out without replacement. What is the probability that the third ball is red? A. 0.25 B. 0.15 C. 0.35 D. 0.45 E. 0.40 Thanks The initial probability of drawing red ball is 2/8. Without knowing the other results, the probability of drawing red ball will not change for ANY successive drawing: second, third, fourth... Similar problems: ps-probability-gmat-made-me-lose-my-marbles-36830.html?hilit=initial%20draw probability-of-picking-last-97015.html?hilit=initial%20probability probability-question-please-solve-90272.html?hilit=initial%20probability#p686028 Hope it's clear. Bunuel, Why is it not 7c2 * 1 / 8c3 = 3/8? selecting any 2 without 1 red is 7c2....selecting the last red is 1...so fav outcomes = 7c2 * 1 total outcomes = 8c3 prob = 7c2/8c3 Where am I going wrong? please explain.. Don't quite understand what you are doing there. What does "selecting any 2 without 1 red is 7c2" mean? Anyway, the question basically asks: if we put all 8 balls in a row, what is the probability that the third ball is red? Similar questions might help: a-box-contains-3-yellow-balls-and-5-black-balls-one-by-one-90272.html a-bag-contains-3-white-balls-3-black-balls-2-red-balls-100023.html each-of-four-different-locks-has-a-matching-key-the-keys-101553.html if-40-people-get-the-chance-to-pick-a-card-from-a-canister-97015.html new-set-of-mixed-questions-150204-100.html#p1208473 a-medical-researcher-must-choose-one-of-14-patients-to-127396.html _________________ Manager Joined: 04 Apr 2013 Posts: 153 Followers: 1 Kudos [?]: 37 [0], given: 36 Re: What is the Probability of Red Ball? [#permalink] Show Tags 01 Jul 2013, 09:19 Bunuel, first 2 balls can be selected from any of [3 black + 3 white + 1 red (7 balls)] - so selecting any 2 balls from 7 balls is 7c2. probability of selecting the remaining red ball is 1. so fav outcomes = 7c2*1. probability = 7c2/8c3 = 3/8/ I know my thinking is definitely wrong. Can you please point out the defect in my thinking? _________________ Maadhu MGMAT1 - 540 ( Trying to improve ) Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor Joined: 16 Oct 2010 Posts: 6742 Location: Pune, India Followers: 1873 Kudos [?]: 11522 [1] , given: 219 Re: A bag contains 3 white balls, 3 black balls & 2 red balls [#permalink] Show Tags 11 Jul 2013, 21:35 1 This post received KUDOS Expert's post VeritasPrepKarishma wrote: krishan wrote: A bag contains 3 white balls, 3 black balls & 2 red balls. One by one three balls are drawn out without replacement. What is the probability that the third ball is red? A. 0.25 B. 0.15 C. 0.35 D. 0.45 E. 0.40 Responding to a pm: The point is that the probability of picking a red will not depend on which draw it is. In the first draw, probability of picking a red is 2/8 = 1/4 Probability of picking a red in the second draw: 2 cases: Case 1: First draw is non red. Probability = (6/8)*(2/7) This is equal to (2/8)(6/7). Think about it: Probability of picking non red first and then red will be the same as probability of picking a red first and then a non red. Case 2: First draw is red. Probability = (2/8)*(1/7) This is the probability of picking a red first and then a red again. Total probability of second draw being red = (2/8)*(6/7) + (2/8)*(1/7) = 2/8 This is just the probability of picking a red first and then any ball (non red or red). Probability of picking ANY ball will be 1. Hence, the probability of picking a red in the second draw will be the same as the probability of picking a red in the first draw. Similarly probability of picking a red in any draw will be the same. Responding to a pm: Quote: Please tell me what is wrong with my thinking. first 2 balls can be selected from any of [3 black + 3 white + 1 red (7 balls)] - so selecting any 2 balls from 7 balls is 7c2. probability of selecting the remaining red ball is 1. (You are mixing combinations with probability.) so fav outcomes = 7c2*1. probability = 7c2/8c3 = 3/8 I know my thinking is definitely wrong. Can you please point out the defect in my thinking? There are a lot of problems here. If you want to use combinations here, you can do this: Assuming all balls are distinct, Number of ways of selecting 3 balls one after another without replacement = 7*6*1*2 (Keep one red ball away for the third pick. This can be done in 2 ways. Now of the 7 remaining balls, pick 1 for the first pick and then another for the second pick.) Total number of outcomes = 8*7*6 Probability = (7*6*2)/(8*7*6) = 1/4 _________________ Karishma Veritas Prep | GMAT Instructor My Blog Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for$199

Veritas Prep Reviews

Intern
Joined: 27 Jul 2013
Posts: 4
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0

Re: What is the Probability of Red Ball? [#permalink]

Show Tags

07 Aug 2013, 08:44
Bunuel,

first 2 balls can be selected from any of [3 black + 3 white + 1 red (7 balls)] - so selecting any 2 balls from 7 balls is 7c2.

probability of selecting the remaining red ball is 1.

so fav outcomes = 7c2*1.

probability = 7c2/8c3 = 3/8/

I know my thinking is definitely wrong.

Can you please point out the defect in my thinking?

The big mistake is here that you ignored the phrase of "drawing without replacement", then your probability didn't exclude 1 ball picked up previously.
Intern
Joined: 27 Jul 2013
Posts: 4
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0

Re: What is the Probability of Red Ball? [#permalink]

Show Tags

07 Aug 2013, 08:44
Bunuel,

first 2 balls can be selected from any of [3 black + 3 white + 1 red (7 balls)] - so selecting any 2 balls from 7 balls is 7c2.

probability of selecting the remaining red ball is 1.

so fav outcomes = 7c2*1.

probability = 7c2/8c3 = 3/8/

I know my thinking is definitely wrong.

Can you please point out the defect in my thinking?

The big mistake is here that you ignored the phrase of "drawing without replacement", then your probability didn't exclude 1 ball picked up previously.
Senior Manager
Joined: 10 Jul 2013
Posts: 335
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 262 [0], given: 102

Re: A bag contains 3 white balls, 3 black balls & 2 red balls [#permalink]

Show Tags

07 Aug 2013, 09:56
krishan wrote:
A bag contains 3 white balls, 3 black balls & 2 red balls. One by one three balls are drawn out without replacement. What is the probability that the third ball is red?

A. 0.25
B. 0.15
C. 0.35
D. 0.45
E. 0.40

the probability of the 3rd ball not to be Red = 6/8
so, the required probability = 1- 6/8 = 2/8 = 0.25
_________________

Asif vai.....

Current Student
Joined: 06 Sep 2013
Posts: 2035
Concentration: Finance
GMAT 1: 770 Q0 V
Followers: 51

Kudos [?]: 495 [0], given: 355

Re: A bag contains 3 white balls, 3 black balls & 2 red balls [#permalink]

Show Tags

07 Mar 2014, 05:54
Asifpirlo wrote:
krishan wrote:
A bag contains 3 white balls, 3 black balls & 2 red balls. One by one three balls are drawn out without replacement. What is the probability that the third ball is red?

A. 0.25
B. 0.15
C. 0.35
D. 0.45
E. 0.40

the probability of the 3rd ball not to be Red = 6/8
so, the required probability = 1- 6/8 = 2/8 = 0.25

Not quite sure because after 2 draws there won't be 8 balls anymore no?
Also, what happens if we draw a red in the first two? Then won't the probability of drawing a red in the third draw be zero?

Cheers
J
Intern
Joined: 01 Jan 2014
Posts: 6
Location: United States
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 7

A bag contains 3 white balls, 3 black balls & 2 red balls [#permalink]

Show Tags

02 Sep 2014, 17:02
mainhoon wrote:
In problems such as these, the answer is just the probability based on the initial population... so 2/8 and it would be the same answer regardless of the nth try, 1st, 5th, 8th...

By "In problems such as these", you meant "Replacement Problems", right?
Just want to be sure so that I can apply it for similar problems. : )
Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 34043
Followers: 6081

Kudos [?]: 76408 [0], given: 9974

Re: A bag contains 3 white balls, 3 black balls & 2 red balls [#permalink]

Show Tags

02 Sep 2014, 20:13
Expert's post
Sen1120 wrote:
mainhoon wrote:
In problems such as these, the answer is just the probability based on the initial population... so 2/8 and it would be the same answer regardless of the nth try, 1st, 5th, 8th...

By "In problems such as these", you meant "Replacement Problems", right?
Just want to be sure so that I can apply it for similar problems. : )

Problems such as these:
a-box-contains-3-yellow-balls-and-5-black-balls-one-by-one-90272.html
a-bag-contains-3-white-balls-3-black-balls-2-red-balls-100023.html
each-of-four-different-locks-has-a-matching-key-the-keys-101553.html
if-40-people-get-the-chance-to-pick-a-card-from-a-canister-97015.html
new-set-of-mixed-questions-150204-100.html#p1208473
a-medical-researcher-must-choose-one-of-14-patients-to-127396.html
_________________
Re: A bag contains 3 white balls, 3 black balls & 2 red balls   [#permalink] 02 Sep 2014, 20:13

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 22 posts ]

Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
15 A bag contains 3 red and 2 black ball. Another bag contains 4 red and 10 07 Aug 2013, 04:41
9 Given a bag with 2 black balls and 3 white balls 9 18 Jan 2012, 03:23
1 There are 3 black balls and 10 white balls. If one is to pick 5 balls, 4 21 Nov 2011, 11:27
2 A bag contains 3 white balls, 3 black balls & 2 red balls. 13 10 Aug 2010, 17:41
36 A box contains 3 yellow balls and 5 black balls. One by one 24 29 Sep 2009, 01:14
Display posts from previous: Sort by