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A bill, to be introduced next month, would stipulate that ev

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A bill, to be introduced next month, would stipulate that ev [#permalink] New post 18 Aug 2013, 10:27
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A bill, to be introduced next month, would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.

A. would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.

B. stipulates that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when it is out of paper for receipts.

C. stipulates that every downtown parking meter shut off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.

D. would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shut off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when it is out of paper for receipts.

E. would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuses drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: A bill, to be introduced next month, would stipulate that ev [#permalink] New post 18 Aug 2013, 10:33
Eminating A, C and E was easy, but I could not nail down to one between B and D

OA has an explanation "After “subjunctive” verbs such as demand, insist, mandate, etc. (and in this case of course “stipulate”) you must use the subjunctive mood, which means that you do not conjugate the verb (leave the verb in its base form)." :shock: :roll:

Could someone (perhaps from GMATPill / E-Gmat) please explain in Plain English what is the difference between B and D?

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Re: A bill, to be introduced next month, would stipulate that ev [#permalink] New post 18 Aug 2013, 10:53
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nave81 wrote:
Eminating A, C and E was easy, but I could not nail down to one between B and D

OA has an explanation "After “subjunctive” verbs such as demand, insist, mandate, etc. (and in this case of course “stipulate”) you must use the subjunctive mood, which means that you do not conjugate the verb (leave the verb in its base form)." :shock: :roll:

Could someone (perhaps from GMATPill / E-Gmat) please explain in Plain English what is the difference between B and D?

Cheers



As you rightly said, "stipulate" is a "Bossy Verb", i.e. a fancy word for verbs which instruct someone to do something. In plain english , whenever you come across bossy verb(keep the context in mind, there are some verbs which may/may not take the comman subjunctive form all the time), the structure to be followed is :

Bossy Verb+That+Subject+(Infinitive form of the verb sans the "to")

Ex: I insist that you wash your hands--> insist - bossy verb, "to wash" sans the "to" is the bare verb

In case of B/D, the correct form of the infinitive "to shut" is shut. That eliminates B.

Hope this helps.
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Re: A bill, to be introduced next month, would stipulate that ev [#permalink] New post 18 Aug 2013, 10:54
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nave81 wrote:
A bill, to be introduced next month, would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.

A. would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.

B. stipulates that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when it is out of paper for receipts.

C. stipulates that every downtown parking meter shut off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.

D. would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shut off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when it is out of paper for receipts.

E. would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuses drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.


here the catch is in THE NON UNDERLINED PART.

A bill,to be introduced next month, would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.

TO BE INTRODUCED NEXT MONTH
==>this gives you idea that BILL will be passed next month...so you need WOULD for conditional SENTENCE.
without WOULD THE SENTENCE meaning will be that BILL is already in action which is not correct .


hence basing this we can eliminate options B AND C

NOW WE KNOW SUBJUNCTIVE FORM NEEDS VERB IN SIMPLEST FORM.(BECAUSE OF USE OF STIPULATE THAT WE NEED VERB IN SIMPLEST FORM)


A. would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.
WRONG
== AS THE VERB is not in simplest form....we need STIPULATE THAT.......SHUT OFF......AND REFUSE....

B. stipulates that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when it is out of paper for receipts.
WRONG
==WOULD IS MISSING.
==AS THE VERB is not in simplest form....we need STIPULATE THAT.......SHUT OFF......AND REFUSE....

C. stipulates that every downtown parking meter shut off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.
WRONG
====WOULD IS MISSING.

D. would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shut off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when it is out of paper for receipts.
CORRECT.

E. would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuses drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.
WRONG
==AS THE VERB is not in simplest form....we need STIPULATE THAT.......SHUT OFF......AND REFUSE....

NOTE:
......WOULD + (DEMAND/DICTATE/STIPULATE ..etc) + THAT + NOUN + VERB IN SIMPLEST FORM ====> THIS IS CORRECT (IF MEANING NEEDS WOULD)
BUT
.......(DEMAND/DICTATE/STIPULATE ..etc) + THAT + NOUN + WOULD VERB IN SIMPLEST FORM ==>(THIS FORM IS NEVER CORRECT IN SUBJUNCTIVE FORM)

Hope it helps.
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Re: A bill, to be introduced next month, would stipulate that ev [#permalink] New post 22 Nov 2013, 23:23
blueseas wrote:
nave81 wrote:
A bill, to be introduced next month, would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.

A. would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.

B. stipulates that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when it is out of paper for receipts.

C. stipulates that every downtown parking meter shut off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.

D. would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shut off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when it is out of paper for receipts.

E. would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuses drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.


here the catch is in THE NON UNDERLINED PART.

A bill,to be introduced next month, would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.

TO BE INTRODUCED NEXT MONTH
==>this gives you idea that BILL will be passed next month...so you need WOULD for conditional SENTENCE.
without WOULD THE SENTENCE meaning will be that BILL is already in action which is not correct .


hence basing this we can eliminate options B AND C

NOW WE KNOW SUBJUNCTIVE FORM NEEDS VERB IN SIMPLEST FORM.(BECAUSE OF USE OF STIPULATE THAT WE NEED VERB IN SIMPLEST FORM)


A. would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.
WRONG
== AS THE VERB is not in simplest form....we need STIPULATE THAT.......SHUT OFF......AND REFUSE....

B. stipulates that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when it is out of paper for receipts.
WRONG
==WOULD IS MISSING.
==AS THE VERB is not in simplest form....we need STIPULATE THAT.......SHUT OFF......AND REFUSE....

C. stipulates that every downtown parking meter shut off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.
WRONG
====WOULD IS MISSING.

D. would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shut off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuse drivers’ payments when it is out of paper for receipts.
CORRECT.

E. would stipulate that every downtown parking meter shuts off during the hours when drivers are not required to pay for parking and refuses drivers’ payments when they are out of paper for receipts.
WRONG
==AS THE VERB is not in simplest form....we need STIPULATE THAT.......SHUT OFF......AND REFUSE....

NOTE:
......WOULD + (DEMAND/DICTATE/STIPULATE ..etc) + THAT + NOUN + VERB IN SIMPLEST FORM ====> THIS IS CORRECT (IF MEANING NEEDS WOULD)
BUT
.......(DEMAND/DICTATE/STIPULATE ..etc) + THAT + NOUN + WOULD VERB IN SIMPLEST FORM ==>(THIS FORM IS NEVER CORRECT IN SUBJUNCTIVE FORM)

Hope it helps.


If the sentence uses "will" instead of "would", would the sentence be incorrect?
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Re: A bill, to be introduced next month, would stipulate that ev [#permalink] New post 23 Nov 2013, 07:26
hello registerincog

this sentence is about use of conditional would , we need would to express uncertainty. it is used on 1. expectation about future, 2. hypothetical situation 3. assumption for a future event.

will is used to express certainty,

Since we are not sure regarding details of the bill as it will be introduced next month ( notice use of will , we are sure it will be introduced) so we need would here to express anything regarding its details (as the details are uncertain).
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Re: A bill, to be introduced next month, would stipulate that ev   [#permalink] 23 Nov 2013, 07:26
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