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A carpenter constructed a rectangular sandbox with a

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A carpenter constructed a rectangular sandbox with a [#permalink] New post 13 Aug 2012, 06:02
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A carpenter constructed a rectangular sandbox with a capacity of 10 cubic feet. If the carpenter were to make a similar sandbox twice as long, twice as wide, and twice as high as the first sandbox, what would be the capacity, in cubic feet, of the second sandbox?

(A) 20
(B) 40
(C) 60
(D) 80
(E) 100

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Re: A carpenter constructed a rectangular sandbox with a [#permalink] New post 13 Aug 2012, 06:02
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A carpenter constructed a rectangular sandbox with a capacity of 10 cubic feet. If the carpenter were to make a similar sandbox twice as long, twice as wide, and twice as high as the first sandbox, what would be the capacity, in cubic feet, of the second sandbox?

(A) 20
(B) 40
(C) 60
(D) 80
(E) 100

Since given that volume=L*W*H=10, then new \ volume=(2L)*(2W)*(2H)=(2*2*2)*(L*W*H)=8*10=80.

Answer: D.

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PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 11 Rules for Posting!!!

RESOURCES: [GMAT MATH BOOK]; 1. Triangles; 2. Polygons; 3. Coordinate Geometry; 4. Factorials; 5. Circles; 6. Number Theory; 7. Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets; 9. PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders; 11. GMAT Prep Software Analysis NEW!!!; 12. SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) NEW!!!; 12. Tricky questions from previous years. NEW!!!;

COLLECTION OF QUESTIONS:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

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Re: A carpenter constructed a rectangular sandbox with a [#permalink] New post 13 Aug 2012, 07:16
Let x,y & z be L,W & H
so xyz = 10 cu ft
As per question if we double the lengths on all dimensions
we get (2x)(2y)(2z)=8 xyz= 8*10= 80
Answer: D

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Re: A carpenter constructed a rectangular sandbox with a [#permalink] New post 13 Aug 2012, 07:21
volume =l*b*h =10 cubic feet
Now we have twice as long, twice as wide, and twice as high as the first sandbox,
L=2*l
B=2*b
H=2*h
final volume =L*B*H =2*l*2*b*2*h=8*(l*b*h) =8*10=80 cubic feet

answer is D
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Re: A carpenter constructed a rectangular sandbox with a [#permalink] New post 13 Aug 2012, 08:16
V=LWH

Original Volume = 10

In order to keep things simple. I made Height = 5, Length = 2, and Width = 1

The second statement says double everything.

Height = 10, Length = 4, and Width = 2

V = 80
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Re: A carpenter constructed a rectangular sandbox with a [#permalink] New post 17 Aug 2012, 00:02
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SOLUTION

A carpenter constructed a rectangular sandbox with a capacity of 10 cubic feet. If the carpenter were to make a similar sandbox twice as long, twice as wide, and twice as high as the first sandbox, what would be the capacity, in cubic feet, of the second sandbox?

(A) 20
(B) 40
(C) 60
(D) 80
(E) 100

Since given that volume=L*W*H=10, then new \ volume=(2L)*(2W)*(2H)=(2*2*2)*(L*W*H)=8*10=80.

Answer: D.

_________________

NEW TO MATH FORUM? PLEASE READ THIS: ALL YOU NEED FOR QUANT!!!

PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 11 Rules for Posting!!!

RESOURCES: [GMAT MATH BOOK]; 1. Triangles; 2. Polygons; 3. Coordinate Geometry; 4. Factorials; 5. Circles; 6. Number Theory; 7. Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets; 9. PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders; 11. GMAT Prep Software Analysis NEW!!!; 12. SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) NEW!!!; 12. Tricky questions from previous years. NEW!!!;

COLLECTION OF QUESTIONS:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS ; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


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Re: A carpenter constructed a rectangular sandbox with a [#permalink] New post 12 Apr 2013, 08:52
A quick note on doubling. When you double a length you have 2*L1. When you double all lengths of a rectangle you have (2*L1)(2*L2) = A. An increase of 2^2 or 4. When you double all lengths of a rectangular prism you have (2*L1)(2*L2)(2*L3) = V. An increase of 2^3 or 8.

This leads to the basic relationship:

Line: 2*original size
Rectangle: 4*original size
Rectangular Prism: 8*original size

You can do the math out or memorize this relationship to speed things up.
Re: A carpenter constructed a rectangular sandbox with a   [#permalink] 12 Apr 2013, 08:52
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