A cat will not be affectionate toward people unless it is : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# A cat will not be affectionate toward people unless it is

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Director
Joined: 11 Jun 2007
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A cat will not be affectionate toward people unless it is [#permalink]

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12 Sep 2007, 05:37
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A cat will not be affectionate toward people unless it is handled when it is a kitten. Since the cat that Paula plans to give to her friend was handled when it was a kitten, that cat will be affectionate toward people.
The flawed reasoning in the argument above most closely parallels that in which one of the following?
(A) Tulip bulbs will not produce flowers unless they are chilled for two months. Since the tulip bulbs in the clay pot were not chilled for two months, these bulbs will not produce flowers.
(B) Beets do not grow well unless the soil in which they are grown contains trace amounts of boron. Since the beets in this plot are growing well, the soil in the plot must contain trace amounts of boron.
(C) Fruit trees will not produce much fruit unless they are pruned properly. That the fruit trees at the local orchard produce a large amount of fruit proves that they have been pruned properly.
(D) Cranberries will not thrive unless they are grown in bogs. Since the cranberries in this area are not grown in bogs, these cranberries will not thrive.
(E) Crass seeds will not germinate well unless they are pressed firmly into the ground. The grass seeds sown in this yard were pressed firmly into the ground, so they will germinate well.

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Manager
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12 Sep 2007, 06:52
Straight E - the only option with similar reasoning to original:

Something won't happen unless x is true.
X is true, therefore something will happen.

(A) & (D)Something won't happen unless x is true.
X is not true, therefore something will not happen.

(B) & (C) Something won't happen unless x is true.
Something has happened, therefore x must be true.
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12 Sep 2007, 09:27
yup m for E too
Director
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12 Sep 2007, 09:54
eyunni wrote:
A cat will not be affectionate toward people unless it is handled when it is a kitten. Since the cat that Paula plans to give to her friend was handled when it was a kitten, that cat will be affectionate toward people.

The flawed reasoning in the argument above most closely parallels that in which one of the following?

(A) Tulip bulbs will not produce flowers unless they are chilled for two months. Since the tulip bulbs in the clay pot were not chilled for two months, these bulbs will not produce flowers.
(B) Beets do not grow well unless the soil in which they are grown contains trace amounts of boron. Since the beets in this plot are growing well, the soil in the plot must contain trace amounts of boron.
(C) Fruit trees will not produce much fruit unless they are pruned properly. That the fruit trees at the local orchard produce a large amount of fruit proves that they have been pruned properly.
(D) Cranberries will not thrive unless they are grown in bogs. Since the cranberries in this area are not grown in bogs, these cranberries will not thrive.
(E) Crass seeds will not germinate well unless they are pressed firmly into the ground. The grass seeds sown in this yard were pressed firmly into the ground, so they will germinate well.

this one is easy one. the passage says:

x wont be y unless it is z. Since x was z, x will be y. E exactly replicates this position.
Director
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12 Sep 2007, 11:59
yup, OA is E
12 Sep 2007, 11:59
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