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A certain baseball team has just completed its season. In

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A certain baseball team has just completed its season. In [#permalink] New post 25 Nov 2011, 13:24
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A certain baseball team has just completed its season. In stadiums that seat 20,000 or fewer people, the team averaged 1 “home run” -- a ball hit across the field of play and over the opposing fence, called the outfield wall -- per game. In stadiums that seat between 20,000 and 40,000 people, the team averaged 2 home runs per game. Finally, in stadiums that seat 40,000 or more people, the team averaged 3 home runs per game. Obviously, the excitement of playing in front of large crowds motivated the team to hit more home runs.

Assuming that all stadiums during the season were filled to capacity, which of the following, if true, most undermines the argument above?

A) The team's leading home run hitter hit more home runs in mid-sized stadiums than in large stadiums.
B)The fans in the larger stadiums often cheered against the team.
C) The team averaged only 2 home runs per game when playing in the league’s largest stadium.
D) In order to create seating for the additional fans, the outfield walls in the larger stadiums were constructed closer to where the batter stands.
E) The team’s announcer cited crowd noise as a major motivator for the team.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: A certain baseball team has just completed its season [#permalink] New post 25 Nov 2011, 17:32
D is the winner here.

According to the argument,
Large crowd = caused more home runs.

D attacks this conclusion by putting forward an alternate cause (smaller outfield).

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Re: A certain baseball team has just completed its season [#permalink] New post 26 Nov 2011, 10:21
thanks :)
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Re: A certain baseball team has just completed its season [#permalink] New post 01 Dec 2011, 20:55
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Re: A certain baseball team has just completed its season [#permalink] New post 02 Dec 2011, 19:58
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“home run” -- a ball hit across the field of play and over the opposing fence, called the outfield wall --

The field of play is closer, so the players are easier to hit home run.

Choice D is correct one.
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Re: A certain baseball team has just completed its season. In [#permalink] New post 01 Sep 2013, 09:26
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On average, the team hit more home runs playing in front of larger crowds than
in front of smaller crowds. The argument attributes this statistic to the motivation
that comes from playing in front of larger crowds. In order to undermine this
conclusion, look for another reason to explain why more home runs were hit in
front of larger crowds.
(A) The argument makes a claim about the collective behavior of the team. This
collective claim does not preclude certain individuals from hitting fewer home
runs in larger stadiums.
(B) The claim made in the argument is based on the size of the crowd in each
stadium. For whom the fans cheered is irrelevant to the argument.
(C) Similar to answer choice A, this choice cites one specific example of
contradictory information, while the argument is based on the average behavior
of the team throughout the entire season. The does not strongly undermine that,
on average, the team was motivated by larger crowds.
(D) CORRECT. This choice explains that the larger stadiums actually have
different dimensions from the smaller stadiums. In order to accommodate a
larger number of fans, the outfield walls are closer to the batters. Thus, it is very
possible that the greater number of home runs is due to the fact that the ball
does not have to travel as far in larger stadiums.
(E) The announcer’s opinion is not relevant to the argument, and, even if it were,
this choice would strengthen the argument.
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Re: A certain baseball team has just completed its season. In [#permalink] New post 07 Nov 2013, 20:34
This is causal argument and as expected,the argument would more likely be a flawed and create strong prethinking.

One way of weakening a causal argument is find a another cause for the effect. D does exactly same - Short ground helps player to hit more run.
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Re: A certain baseball team has just completed its season. In [#permalink] New post 09 Nov 2013, 05:28
agourav wrote:
(D) CORRECT. This choice explains that the larger stadiums actually have
different dimensions from the smaller stadiums. In order to accommodate a
larger number of fans, the outfield walls are closer to the batters. Thus, it is very
possible that the greater number of home runs is due to the fact that the ball
does not have to travel as far in larger stadiums.


Your explanation to Correct answer makes is crystal clear and helpful. Thanks
Re: A certain baseball team has just completed its season. In   [#permalink] 09 Nov 2013, 05:28
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