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A certain baseball team has just completed its season. In

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A certain baseball team has just completed its season. In [#permalink] New post 14 Jan 2010, 02:19
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A
B
C
D
E

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A certain baseball team has just completed its season. In stadiums that seat 20,000 or fewer people, the team averaged 1 home run per game; in stadiums that seat between 20,000 and 40,000 people, the team averaged 2 home runs per game; and, in stadiums that seat 40,000 or more people, the team averaged 3 home runs per game. Obviously, the excitement of playing in front of large crowds motivated the team to hit more home runs.

Assuming that all stadiums during the season were filled to capacity, which of the following, if true, most undermines the argument above?
A) The team's leading home run hitter hit more home runs in mid-sized stadiums than in large stadiums.

B) The fans in the larger stadiums often cheered against the team.

C) The team averaged only 2 home runs per game when playing in the league’s largest stadium.

D) In order to create seating for the additional fans, the outfield walls in the larger stadiums were constructed closer to home base.

E) The team’s announcer cited crowd noise as a major motivator for the team.

What's wrong with
[Reveal] Spoiler:
A
?
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Re: Baseball team [#permalink] New post 14 Jan 2010, 05:41
imo B

the conclusion is playing in front of large crowds motivate the team.
but if the large crowds are often antagonistic, then them team's unlikely to be motivated.

what's OA
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Re: Baseball team [#permalink] New post 14 Jan 2010, 08:09
"the excitement of playing in front of large crowds motivated"

That statement is actually confusing, one might assume that the spectators are being cheerful and motivational yet, imagine the Celtics competing the Lakers at the latter's home-ground, Celtics might start to perform better owing to all the booing by the crowd that are mostly supporters of the Lakers'. So, even in a general sense, the crowds might not always be supportive and still the teams perform well and this, I don't see how, can undermine the cause-effect scenario discussed in the stimulus.
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Re: Baseball team [#permalink] New post 14 Jan 2010, 10:17
IMO D, whats the OA?
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Re: Baseball team [#permalink] New post 14 Jan 2010, 11:11
I think the answer should be D. If the walls of the stadium are moved closer to homebase to accomodate the crowds then the ball does not have to travel as far when the team plays to a larger crowd. Therefore the team hits more homeruns bc the crowded stadiums have closer walls and not bc of the crowds.

A doesn't work because states that the TEAM as a whole hits more homeruns. The fact that the top player hits more homeruns in the medium sized stadium doesn't do much to disprove this theory.
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Re: Baseball team [#permalink] New post 14 Jan 2010, 11:51
Will go with D.
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Re: Baseball team [#permalink] New post 16 Jan 2010, 02:53
My answer is A because it seems to be cause and effect reasoning, and the answer A shows the effect occurs without the cause.
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Re: Baseball team [#permalink] New post 16 Jan 2010, 08:55
Shouldn't it be C...

"The team averaged only 2 home runs per game when playing in the league’s largest stadium."

Since it is given that:
in stadiums that seat 40,000 or more people, the team averaged 3 home runs per game
and Conclusion is: the excitement of playing in front of large crowds motivated the team to hit more home runs.

This isn't the case as depicted in option C!

Can we have the OA for this?
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Re: Baseball team [#permalink] New post 16 Jan 2010, 22:21
I believe it should be C as well.
If the team did not do in the largest stadiums that contradicts the conclusion for sure.
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Re: Baseball team [#permalink] New post 18 Jan 2010, 10:01
A) It refers only to the leading home run hitter. If the home run hitter does not hit better in larger stadiums, but everyone else does, the argument still holds. Wrong answer.

B) The author does not say that the team is excited by its own fans. It may well be that the team performs better when challenged and criticized. Choosing this answer requires the assumption that cheering against a team should lead to reduction in its performance. Wrong answer.

C) It refers only to the largest stadium (please note, stadium, not stadiums!). If the sample size is large enough, the statement can be still valid on average, even if in one event it didn't hold true. Wrong answer.

D) This is a clear explanation of an alternative reason for which an increase in seats leads to an increase in home run hits. Furthermore, it applies to all larger stadiums (since the author writes ...the outfield walls in the larger stadiums...). Right answer.

E) It supports the argument, therefore it does not undermine it. Wrong answer.

My pick is D.
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Re: Baseball team [#permalink] New post 18 Jan 2010, 10:38
joyseychow wrote:
A certain baseball team has just completed its season. In stadiums that seat 20,000 or fewer people, the team averaged 1 home run per game; in stadiums that seat between 20,000 and 40,000 people, the team averaged 2 home runs per game; and, in stadiums that seat 40,000 or more people, the team averaged 3 home runs per game. Obviously, the excitement of playing in front of large crowds motivated the team to hit more home runs.

Assuming that all stadiums during the season were filled to capacity, which of the following, if true, most undermines the argument above?
A) The team's leading home run hitter hit more home runs in mid-sized stadiums than in large stadiums.

B) The fans in the larger stadiums often cheered against the team.

C) The team averaged only 2 home runs per game when playing in the league’s largest stadium.

D) In order to create seating for the additional fans, the outfield walls in the larger stadiums were constructed closer to home base.

E) The team’s announcer cited crowd noise as a major motivator for the team.

What's wrong with
[Reveal] Spoiler:
A
?


I would go with C.
A.other hitters could have compensated for the supposed bad form of the leading hitter.
B. assuming that cheering against it would lead to demotivation of the team.
D.Outfield walls of the stadium being closer to the home base do not guarantee that the crowds would be cheering for the team and hence motivating them or even cheering at all.
E.This strengthens the statement.
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Re: Baseball team [#permalink] New post 18 Jan 2010, 11:29
mojorising800 wrote:

D.Outfield walls of the stadium being closer to the home base do not guarantee that the crowds would be cheering for the team and hence motivating them or even cheering at all.
...


The argument is: The team scores more because there are more fans cheering. Weakening it means breaking (or challenging) the link between the higher scores and the cheering.

Answer D does exactly that. It gives an alternative explanation for the higher scores that does not involve cheering, hence it weakens the link between high scores and cheering. Your point is right, but the conclusion that you draw from it is wrong.
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Re: Baseball team [#permalink] New post 18 Jan 2010, 13:04
jeeteshsingh wrote:
Shouldn't it be C...

"The team averaged only 2 home runs per game when playing in the league’s largest stadium."

Since it is given that:
in stadiums that seat 40,000 or more people, the team averaged 3 home runs per game
and Conclusion is: the excitement of playing in front of large crowds motivated the team to hit more home runs.

This isn't the case as depicted in option C!

Can we have the OA for this?
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Re: Baseball team [#permalink] New post 18 Jan 2010, 13:05
jeeteshsingh wrote:
Shouldn't it be C...

"The team averaged only 2 home runs per game when playing in the league’s largest stadium."

Since it is given that:
in stadiums that seat 40,000 or more people, the team averaged 3 home runs per game
and Conclusion is: the excitement of playing in front of large crowds motivated the team to hit more home runs.

This isn't the case as depicted in option C!

Can we have the OA for this?


Lets say the team plays in 3 large stadiums, a 40k, a 50k, and a 60k. And lets say that the teams home-run average is with respect to the stadiums: 4, 3, and 2. Thus the team can average 3 homers in large stadiums while only hitting 2 home runs in the largest---C gets tossed.


A is the answer because we can not correlate the leading home-run hitter to the team over-all performance --thus A undermines the argument.
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Re: Baseball team [#permalink] New post 20 Jan 2010, 23:57
OA is D
Re: Baseball team   [#permalink] 20 Jan 2010, 23:57
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