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A certain class consists of 8 students, including Kim [#permalink]
17 Feb 2012, 06:50

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Difficulty:

15% (low)

Question Stats:

78% (02:12) correct
22% (01:25) wrong based on 133 sessions

A certain class consists of 8 students, including Kim. Each day, three tasks must be completed and are assigned as follows: one of the 8 students is selected at random to complete Task A, one of the remaining 7 students is selected at random to complete Task B, and one of the remaining six students is selected at random to complete Task C. What is the probability that Kim will be selected to complete one of the three tasks? (A) 1/3 (B) 3/8 (C) 1/24 (D) 1/336 (E) 1/512

Re: A certain class consists of 8 students [#permalink]
17 Feb 2012, 06:55

1

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metallicafan wrote:

A certain class consists of 8 students, including Kim. Each day, three tasks must be completed and are assigned as follows: one of the 8 students is selected at random to complete Task A, one of the remaining 7 students is selected at random to complete Task B, and one of the remaining six students is selected at random to complete Task C. What is the probability that Kim will be selected to complete one of the three tasks?

Since there are total of 8 students and we are selecting 3 of them, then the probability that Kim will be selected is simply 3/8 (she has 3 chances out of 8).

P.S. Please provide answer choices if available. _________________

Re: A certain class consists of 8 students [#permalink]
17 Feb 2012, 07:12

Bunuel wrote:

metallicafan wrote:

A certain class consists of 8 students, including Kim. Each day, three tasks must be completed and are assigned as follows: one of the 8 students is selected at random to complete Task A, one of the remaining 7 students is selected at random to complete Task B, and one of the remaining six students is selected at random to complete Task C. What is the probability that Kim will be selected to complete one of the three tasks?

Since there are total of 8 students and we are selecting 3 of them, then the probability that Kim will be selected is simply 3/8 (she has 3 chances out of 8).

P.S. Please provide answer choices if available.

Thank you bunuel! However, I don't get your approach well. Could you explain your logic? I believe that the probability of picking somenone in the second task is different from picking someone in the first because the number of elements available to pick changes. That's why my approach is step by step. Please, show me the light! _________________

"Life’s battle doesn’t always go to stronger or faster men; but sooner or later the man who wins is the one who thinks he can."

Re: A certain class consists of 8 students [#permalink]
17 Feb 2012, 07:23

3

This post received KUDOS

Expert's post

metallicafan wrote:

Bunuel wrote:

metallicafan wrote:

A certain class consists of 8 students, including Kim. Each day, three tasks must be completed and are assigned as follows: one of the 8 students is selected at random to complete Task A, one of the remaining 7 students is selected at random to complete Task B, and one of the remaining six students is selected at random to complete Task C. What is the probability that Kim will be selected to complete one of the three tasks?

Since there are total of 8 students and we are selecting 3 of them, then the probability that Kim will be selected is simply 3/8 (she has 3 chances out of 8).

P.S. Please provide answer choices if available.

Thank you bunuel! However, I don't get your approach well. Could you explain your logic? I believe that the probability of picking somenone in the second task is different from picking someone in the first because the number of elements available to pick changes. That's why my approach is step by step. Please, show me the light!

The wording of the question makes it harder then it is. The question basically asks: what is the probability that Kim is among the first 3 students out of 8, which is 3/8.

One can also do: \(P=\frac{C^1_1*C^2_7}{C^3_8}=\frac{3}{8}\), where \(C^1_1\) is # of ways to select Kim, \(C^2_7\) is # of ways to select any 2 students out of 7 left and \(C^3_8\) is total # of ways to select 3 students from 8;

Or: you can find the probability that among 3 students selected to complete the tasks there won't be Kim and subtract it from 1: \(P=1-\frac{C^3_7}{C^3_8}=\frac{3}{8}\);

Or: the same with probability approach: \(P=1-\frac{7}{8}*\frac{6}{7}*\frac{5}{6}=\frac{3}{8}\).

As you can see first approach is easiest and shortest one.

P.S. What about the answer choices? _________________

Re: A certain class consists of 8 students, including Kim [#permalink]
17 Feb 2012, 16:43

1

This post received KUDOS

One more way to sove this is to reverse the logic: NOT chosen on first, second and third pick leads to the following calculation: 7/8 * 6/7 * 5/6 = 0,625. Since we are looking for the probability Kim gets chosen it's 1-0,625 = 0,375 = 3/8

Re: A certain class consists of 8 students, including Kim [#permalink]
22 Sep 2013, 09:33

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Re: A certain class consists of 8 students, including Kim [#permalink]
03 May 2014, 22:35

metallicafan wrote:

A certain class consists of 8 students, including Kim. Each day, three tasks must be completed and are assigned as follows: one of the 8 students is selected at random to complete Task A, one of the remaining 7 students is selected at random to complete Task B, and one of the remaining six students is selected at random to complete Task C. What is the probability that Kim will be selected to complete one of the three tasks? (A) 1/3 (B) 3/8 (C) 1/24 (D) 1/336 (E) 1/512

Re: A certain class consists of 8 students, including Kim [#permalink]
04 May 2014, 02:01

Expert's post

msharmita wrote:

metallicafan wrote:

A certain class consists of 8 students, including Kim. Each day, three tasks must be completed and are assigned as follows: one of the 8 students is selected at random to complete Task A, one of the remaining 7 students is selected at random to complete Task B, and one of the remaining six students is selected at random to complete Task C. What is the probability that Kim will be selected to complete one of the three tasks? (A) 1/3 (B) 3/8 (C) 1/24 (D) 1/336 (E) 1/512

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