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# A certain cultivated herb is one of a group of closely

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Re: A certain cultivated herb is one of a group of closely [#permalink]

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07 Jan 2011, 07:48
According to my source, OA is D.

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Re: A certain cultivated herb is one of a group of closely [#permalink]

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09 Jan 2011, 11:31
I am not sure with this one. I think C is the right answer !
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Re: A certain cultivated herb is one of a group of closely [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2011, 06:26
Both C and D could work here.
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Re: A certain cultivated herb is one of a group of closely [#permalink]

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21 Apr 2011, 11:51
This one has not been clarifed yet.
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Re: A certain cultivated herb is one of a group of closely [#permalink]

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22 Apr 2011, 00:11
what is the source of this Q?
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Re: A certain cultivated herb is one of a group of closely [#permalink]

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28 Jun 2011, 08:47
Tricky question!....

A case can be made for C, D and E.

On first glance -- C seems to fit. But D makes sense as well -- especially if the Histadine renders the metals inert (which would suggest that other crops can grow as well). A case can be made for E -- given that these plants only need this compound "to grow"....

Would be nice to see the official explanations and source.
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Re: A certain cultivated herb is one of a group of closely [#permalink]

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28 Jun 2011, 11:37
IMO E

"Agronomists studying the herb have discovered that it produces large amounts of histidine, an amino acid that,
in test-tube solutions, renders these metals chemically inert."
As per this line It seems histidine renders with these metals chemically, which means the negative effect of these metals on herbs is reduced when they are reacted with histidine.

And Option E: The quantity goes reduces as the plant grows because some quantity of histidine is used in reducing the negative effect of metals. Hence supporting plants growth

Not sure if this is the right explanation
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Re: A certain cultivated herb is one of a group of closely [#permalink]

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26 Nov 2013, 18:35
hgp2k wrote:
Ok, allow me to explain this one...

The sentence marked in RED below is the actual hypothesis.:

A certain cultivated herb is one of a group of closely related plants that thrive in soil with
high concentrations of metals that are toxic to most other plants. Agronomists studying
the herb have discovered that it produces large amounts of histidine, an amino acid that,
in test-tube solutions, renders these metals chemically inert. Possibly, therefore, the
herb’s high histidine production is what allows it to grow in metal-rich soils, a hypothesis
that would gain support if
______.

Now lets go through each option to see if it supports the hypothesis marked in RED in above argument.

A. histidine is found in all parts of the plant—roots, stem, leaves, and flowers - This does not indicate that the histidine is responsible for the growth of herb in metal-rich soils. So does not support the hypothesis
B. the herb’s high level of histidine production is found to be associated with an unusually low level of production of other amino acids - Same as A. Reject...
C. others of the closely related group of plants are also found to produce histidine in large quantities - Many guys picked up this option. Let me tell you why this is NOT the correct answer. The sentence simply indicates that other closely related group of plants also produce histidine in large quantities. This statement might be true, but it does not prove that histidine is indeed responsible for herb's growth in metal-rich soil. It might be possible that some other element is responsible for the growth of plants, which is not yet being discovered. So this statement does not provide any support to the hypothesis.
D. cultivation of the herb in soil with high concentrations of the metals will, over an extended period, make the soil suitable for plants to which the metals are toxic - huh(?!), REJECT.... I don't think you guys want an explanation for this?
E. the concentration of histidine in the growing herb declines as the plant approaches maturity - BINGO!!!! Read the hypothesis again. It says that the histidine helps the plants to GROW in the metal-rich soil. This is the only option which talks about growth of the herb. If the histidine is only helping the plants to grow, then logically it is not even required once the plant is fully grown. Also, this is the only BEST answer we have. Remember (?) BEST IS NOT IDEAL?

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The OA is D. Kindly refrain from posting incorrect OAs. Her's why a-certain-cultivated-herb-is-one-of-a-group-of-closely-40237.html?fl=similar http://www.beatthegmat.com/cultivated-herb-t40992.html http://www.urch.com/forums/gmat-verbal/ ... 28-cr.html

Honestly E is not the contender. It has no reference to toxicity
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Re: A certain cultivated herb is one of a group of closely [#permalink]

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05 Aug 2014, 03:09

but later goggled and found answer is E

It means that as long as the herb is growing, histidine is high and as the herb approaches MATURITY the concentration of histidine declines.

Hoe that helps
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Re: A certain cultivated herb is one of a group of closely [#permalink]

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05 Aug 2014, 03:11
mohnish104 wrote:
hgp2k wrote:
Ok, allow me to explain this one...

The sentence marked in RED below is the actual hypothesis.:

A certain cultivated herb is one of a group of closely related plants that thrive in soil with
high concentrations of metals that are toxic to most other plants. Agronomists studying
the herb have discovered that it produces large amounts of histidine, an amino acid that,
in test-tube solutions, renders these metals chemically inert. Possibly, therefore, the
herb’s high histidine production is what allows it to grow in metal-rich soils, a hypothesis
that would gain support if
______.

Now lets go through each option to see if it supports the hypothesis marked in RED in above argument.

A. histidine is found in all parts of the plant—roots, stem, leaves, and flowers - This does not indicate that the histidine is responsible for the growth of herb in metal-rich soils. So does not support the hypothesis
B. the herb’s high level of histidine production is found to be associated with an unusually low level of production of other amino acids - Same as A. Reject...
C. others of the closely related group of plants are also found to produce histidine in large quantities - Many guys picked up this option. Let me tell you why this is NOT the correct answer. The sentence simply indicates that other closely related group of plants also produce histidine in large quantities. This statement might be true, but it does not prove that histidine is indeed responsible for herb's growth in metal-rich soil. It might be possible that some other element is responsible for the growth of plants, which is not yet being discovered. So this statement does not provide any support to the hypothesis.
D. cultivation of the herb in soil with high concentrations of the metals will, over an extended period, make the soil suitable for plants to which the metals are toxic - huh(?!), REJECT.... I don't think you guys want an explanation for this?
E. the concentration of histidine in the growing herb declines as the plant approaches maturity - BINGO!!!! Read the hypothesis again. It says that the histidine helps the plants to GROW in the metal-rich soil. This is the only option which talks about growth of the herb. If the histidine is only helping the plants to grow, then logically it is not even required once the plant is fully grown. Also, this is the only BEST answer we have. Remember (?) BEST IS NOT IDEAL?

---------------------------

Consider KUDOS if you found my post helpful

The OA is D. Kindly refrain from posting incorrect OAs. Her's why a-certain-cultivated-herb-is-one-of-a-group-of-closely-40237.html?fl=similar http://www.beatthegmat.com/cultivated-herb-t40992.html http://www.urch.com/forums/gmat-verbal/ ... 28-cr.html

Honestly E is not the contender. It has no reference to toxicity

OA can not be D , it is actually weakening giving another reason for growing as adaptation
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Re: A certain cultivated herb is one of a group of closely [#permalink]

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20 Jun 2015, 10:33
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A certain cultivated herb is one of a group of closely related plants that thrive in soil with high concentrations of metals that are toxic to most other plants. Agronomists studying the herb have discovered that it produces large amounts of histidine, an amino acid that, in test-tube solutions, renders these metals chemically inert. Possibly, therefore, the herb’s high histidine production is what allows it to grow in metal-rich soils, a hypothesis that would gain support if ______.

Conclusion : herb’s high histidine production is what allows it to grow in metal-rich soils

A. histidine is found in all parts of the plant—roots, stem, leaves, and flowers
being present in different parts of plants doesn't add any value to the argument as we need a connection between "growth" and "Histidine"

B. the herb’s high level of histidine production is found to be associated with an unusually low level of production of other amino acids
We are not concerned with production of other amino acids

C. others of the closely related group of plants are also found to produce histidine in large quantities.
We are not concerned about other plants

D. cultivation of the herb in soil with high concentrations of the metals will, over an extended period, make the soil suitable for plants to which the metals are toxic
We are not concerned about how to make other plants. We need to show a relation between growth of the particular plant and production of histidine

E. the concentration of histidine in the growing herb declines as the plant approaches maturity
Correct as growth comes to an end, the production of "histidine" also comes to a halt so the growth is closely related to "histidine"
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A certain cultivated herb is one of a group of closely [#permalink]

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21 Oct 2015, 10:41
*Anyone* please update the OA to this question.

A lot of posters say the Official Answer as D or E. Sorry, but the Official Answer to this question isC.

Their is another form of the question (latest in OG 16 Edition) where it comes in the form of Evaluate question. The answers to both of these questions match. I have double checked it so I'm pretty sure.

Thanks!

Last edited by Keats on 22 Oct 2015, 02:30, edited 1 time in total.
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A certain cultivated herb is one of a group of closely [#permalink]

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21 Oct 2015, 11:36
Thanks Steinbeck,

After so many contradicting explanations I am happy to see C, my original answer, correct.

Conclusion: the herb’s high histidine production is what allows it to grow in metal-rich soils.

I think many folks misinterpret the word 'grow' in the conclusion. Consider this: Sunlight helps the Orchid to grow. Does that mean that the Orchid does not require sunlight after reaching maturity. Grow simply means 'live' here, I think.

E cannot be correct. Pls remember, the metals are TOXIC and the herb produces histidine to save itself. Is that really great to assume that the herb, exceptionally resistant to metallic toxicity, simply stops producing histidine after maturity and slowly DIES after that? Sorry, I am not buying this.

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Re: A certain cultivated herb is one of a group of closely [#permalink]

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25 Jan 2016, 07:46
It is a "must be true" argument.
A correct answer shall stay in the scope of the argument.
Only E did this...
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Re: A certain cultivated herb is one of a group of closely [#permalink]

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29 Jan 2016, 02:53
gurpreet07 wrote:
A certain cultivated herb is one of a group of closely related plants that thrive in soil with high concentrations of metals that are toxic to most other plants. Agronomists studying the herb have discovered that it produces large amounts of histidine, an amino acid that, in test-tube solutions, renders these metals chemically inert. Possibly, therefore, the herb’s high histidine production is what allows it to grow in metal-rich soils, a hypothesis that would gain support if ______.

A. histidine is found in all parts of the plant—roots, stem, leaves, and flowers
B. the herb’s high level of histidine production is found to be associated with an unusually low level of production of other amino acids
C. others of the closely related group of plants are also found to produce histidine in large quantities
D. cultivation of the herb in soil with high concentrations of the metals will, over an extended period, make the soil suitable for plants to which the metals are toxic
E. the concentration of histidine in the growing herb declines as the plant approaches maturity

If the answer is E, how come it shows as C, do correct it.
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Re: A certain cultivated herb is one of a group of closely [#permalink]

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03 Feb 2016, 01:37
This is a very good one for focusing on the scope of conclusion.
The conclusion shows high H will lead to growth of cultivated herb.
And answer E explained that no high H (concentration declines) will lead to no growth (maturity)
It is a perfect match.

C is a analog, and most cases, analog doesn't make sense.
D can't be concluded from the argument ("renders these metals chemically inert") does not mean that "make the soil suitable for plants to which the metals are toxic"
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Re: A certain cultivated herb is one of a group of closely [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2016, 08:06
A certain cultivated herb is one of a group of closely related plants that thrive in soil with high concentrations of metals that are toxic to most other plants. Agronomists studying the herb have discovered that it produces large amounts of histidine, an amino acid that, in test-tube solutions, renders these metals chemically inert. Hence, the herb’s high histidine production is what allows it to grow in metal-rich soils.
In evaluating the argument, it would be most important to determine which of the following?
A. Whether the herb can thrive in soil that does not have high concentrations of the toxic metals
B. Whether others of the closely related group of plants also produce histidine in large quantities
C. Whether the herb’s high level of histidine production is associated with an unusually low level of production of some other amino acid
D. Whether growing the herb in soil with high concentrations of the metals will, over time, reduce their concentrations in the soil
E. Whether the concentration of histidine in the growing herb declines as the plant approaches maturity

This variant appears in OG 16. OA is B, however I am not convinced at all.
could somebody explain/share their thoughts please. thanks
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Re: A certain cultivated herb is one of a group of closely [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2016, 09:23
5achin wrote:
A certain cultivated herb is one of a group of closely related plants that thrive in soil with high concentrations of metals that are toxic to most other plants. Agronomists studying the herb have discovered that it produces large amounts of histidine, an amino acid that, in test-tube solutions, renders these metals chemically inert. Hence, the herb’s high histidine production is what allows it to grow in metal-rich soils.
In evaluating the argument, it would be most important to determine which of the following?
A. Whether the herb can thrive in soil that does not have high concentrations of the toxic metals
B. Whether others of the closely related group of plants also produce histidine in large quantities
C. Whether the herb’s high level of histidine production is associated with an unusually low level of production of some other amino acid
D. Whether growing the herb in soil with high concentrations of the metals will, over time, reduce their concentrations in the soil
E. Whether the concentration of histidine in the growing herb declines as the plant approaches maturity

This variant appears in OG 16. OA is B, however I am not convinced at all.
could somebody explain/share their thoughts please. thanks

Notice the words "one of a group of closely related plants" in the argument.

It says "A certain cultivated herb is one of a group of closely related plants" that thrive in soil because of high histidine production. If we find something where we can say that its relatives are not as thriving as it is. It would weaken the conclusion. And if we find something that proves that they also behave in a similar way, the conclusion would be stregthened.

B does that. Hence, the correct answer.
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Re: A certain cultivated herb is one of a group of closely [#permalink]

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22 Aug 2016, 07:19
abhimahna wrote:
5achin wrote:
A certain cultivated herb is one of a group of closely related plants that thrive in soil with high concentrations of metals that are toxic to most other plants. Agronomists studying the herb have discovered that it produces large amounts of histidine, an amino acid that, in test-tube solutions, renders these metals chemically inert. Hence, the herb’s high histidine production is what allows it to grow in metal-rich soils.
In evaluating the argument, it would be most important to determine which of the following?
A. Whether the herb can thrive in soil that does not have high concentrations of the toxic metals
B. Whether others of the closely related group of plants also produce histidine in large quantities
C. Whether the herb’s high level of histidine production is associated with an unusually low level of production of some other amino acid
D. Whether growing the herb in soil with high concentrations of the metals will, over time, reduce their concentrations in the soil
E. Whether the concentration of histidine in the growing herb declines as the plant approaches maturity

This variant appears in OG 16. OA is B, however I am not convinced at all.
could somebody explain/share their thoughts please. thanks

Notice the words "one of a group of closely related plants" in the argument.

It says "A certain cultivated herb is one of a group of closely related plants" that thrive in soil because of high histidine production. If we find something where we can say that its relatives are not as thriving as it is. It would weaken the conclusion. And if we find something that proves that they also behave in a similar way, the conclusion would be stregthened.

B does that. Hence, the correct answer.

Yes a similar explanation is given in the OG too!

Here is what I think: Since the argument does mention that 'the Herb is one of closely related plants,' this line implies that all the closely related plants might have the same or similar survival strategy (i.e. since they are closely related)
The argument then goes on to say, ' it produces large amounts of histidine, an amino acid that, in test-tube solutions...' and finishes off by saying 'the herb’s high histidine production is what allows it to grow in metal-rich soils'.
This makes me think that the since the histidine properties are lab tested (i.e. under controlled conditions) will the histidine behave the same way if the plant releases it in soil. And infact this would mean that either the histidine is what actually allows the plant to grow in soil or not.

Choice B would just affirm that all the related plants have a similar property yes. But how does it help evaluate that histidine is responsible for the plant growth?
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Re: A certain cultivated herb is one of a group of closely [#permalink]

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22 Aug 2016, 09:17
5achin wrote:
abhimahna wrote:
5achin wrote:
A certain cultivated herb is one of a group of closely related plants that thrive in soil with high concentrations of metals that are toxic to most other plants. Agronomists studying the herb have discovered that it produces large amounts of histidine, an amino acid that, in test-tube solutions, renders these metals chemically inert. Hence, the herb’s high histidine production is what allows it to grow in metal-rich soils.
In evaluating the argument, it would be most important to determine which of the following?
A. Whether the herb can thrive in soil that does not have high concentrations of the toxic metals
B. Whether others of the closely related group of plants also produce histidine in large quantities
C. Whether the herb’s high level of histidine production is associated with an unusually low level of production of some other amino acid
D. Whether growing the herb in soil with high concentrations of the metals will, over time, reduce their concentrations in the soil
E. Whether the concentration of histidine in the growing herb declines as the plant approaches maturity

This variant appears in OG 16. OA is B, however I am not convinced at all.
could somebody explain/share their thoughts please. thanks

Notice the words "one of a group of closely related plants" in the argument.

It says "A certain cultivated herb is one of a group of closely related plants" that thrive in soil because of high histidine production. If we find something where we can say that its relatives are not as thriving as it is. It would weaken the conclusion. And if we find something that proves that they also behave in a similar way, the conclusion would be stregthened.

B does that. Hence, the correct answer.

Yes a similar explanation is given in the OG too!

Here is what I think: Since the argument does mention that 'the Herb is one of closely related plants,' this line implies that all the closely related plants might have the same or similar survival strategy (i.e. since they are closely related)
The argument then goes on to say, ' it produces large amounts of histidine, an amino acid that, in test-tube solutions...' and finishes off by saying 'the herb’s high histidine production is what allows it to grow in metal-rich soils'.
This makes me think that the since the histidine properties are lab tested (i.e. under controlled conditions) will the histidine behave the same way if the plant releases it in soil. And infact this would mean that either the histidine is what actually allows the plant to grow in soil or not.

Choice B would just affirm that all the related plants have a similar property yes. But how does it help evaluate that histidine is responsible for the plant growth?

Yes, this is what I was also thinking when I read the argument and didn't go to the options. But when I didn't find the option as per my pre thinking I started finding the BEST option out of those stated. Remember, In GMAT we need to find out the BEST solution if not the accurate one.
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Re: A certain cultivated herb is one of a group of closely   [#permalink] 22 Aug 2016, 09:17

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