Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

It is currently 20 Aug 2014, 22:59

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

A certain eye infection has been linked to exposure to a

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:
Expert Post
4 KUDOS received
Current Student
User avatar
Status: Making every effort to create original content for you!!
Joined: 23 Dec 2010
Posts: 490
Location: United States
Concentration: Healthcare, Social Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 660 Q48 V34
GMAT 2: 750 Q49 V42
Followers: 249

Kudos [?]: 860 [4] , given: 82

GMAT ToolKit User GMAT Tests User Premium Member
A certain eye infection has been linked to exposure to a [#permalink] New post 25 Jun 2013, 21:52
4
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

82% (02:14) correct 18% (01:41) wrong based on 104 sessions
A certain eye infection has been linked to exposure to a certain type of high-salinity sea water. While not dangerous, these infections are painful and often unnoticeable, at least to those who contract them. Over 80% of children ages 4-14 who bathed in a particular sea called "The White Sea" have contracted the infection in varying levels of severity. Although bathing in "The White Sea" does not always lead to a contraction of the infection, the only way to completely avoid the infection is to refrain from bathing in "The White Sea" and other Sea waters altogether.

Which of the following indicates a flaw in the author’s reasoning?

A) It relies on evidence about a specific place to make a recommendation about an entire class of such places.

B) It assumes that one possible cause of a condition is the only cause of that condition.

C) It assumes to be true what it sets out to prove.

D) It makes a generalization based on one segment of the population.

E) It contradicts itself by proclaiming a condition to be not dangerous and then offering a recommendation to avoid that condition.

OA after discussions; Good explanations will receive Kudos !! Try to explain why an answer choice is correct/ incorrect.
_________________

Press Kudos if you want to say thanks

Ultimate Reading Comprehension Encyclopedia | Ultimate Sentence Correction Encyclopedia | GMAT Prep Software Analysis and What If Scenarios -- VERBAL | GMAT Prep Software Analysis and What If Scenarios -- IR

Please Read and Follow the 9 Rules of Posting in Verbal Forum

1 KUDOS received
VP
VP
User avatar
Status: Far, far away!
Joined: 02 Sep 2012
Posts: 1125
Location: Italy
Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship
GPA: 3.8
Followers: 112

Kudos [?]: 1126 [1] , given: 219

GMAT ToolKit User GMAT Tests User
Re: A certain eye infection has been linked to exposure to [#permalink] New post 25 Jun 2013, 23:32
1
This post received
KUDOS
This is tough as almost all options reflect part of the reasoning, however only one is flawed.

Which of the following indicates a flaw in the author’s reasoning?

A) It relies on evidence about a specific place to make a recommendation about an entire class of such places.
This reflect the reasoning "Over 80% of children ages 4-14 who bathed in a particular sea called "The White Sea""=>avoid all Sea waters.
This is a legit reasoning, as the infection is linked with high-salinity sea water, so this recommendation makes sense.

B) It assumes that one possible cause of a condition is the only cause of that condition.
IMO CORRECT. The first line states: "A certain eye infection has been linked to exposure to a certain type of high-salinity sea water" => "the only way to completely avoid the infection is to refrain from bathing in "The White Sea" and other Sea waters altogether.".
We know that the infection has been linked to water, but could be linked to other factors as well, we don't know. But the passage excludes this possibility by stating that the ONLY way to avoid the infection is to refrain from sea water. This is a flawed reasoning.

C) It assumes to be true what it sets out to prove.
This is simply not the case.

D) It makes a generalization based on one segment of the population.
This reflects the line "Over 80% of children ages 4-14 who bathed in a particular sea called "The White Sea" have contracted the infection in varying levels of severity.". However the text does not say "because the children have contracted the infection everybody should avoid the sea water". The text does not generalize in such way.

E) It contradicts itself by proclaiming a condition to be not dangerous and then offering a recommendation to avoid that condition.
It's true that the passage says that the infection is not dangerous, but it says that is painful; so offering a recommendation to avoid it is not a flawed reasoning.
_________________

It is beyond a doubt that all our knowledge that begins with experience.

Kant , Critique of Pure Reason

Tips and tricks: Inequalities , Mixture | Review: MGMAT workshop
Strategy: SmartGMAT v1.0 | Questions: Verbal challenge SC I-II- CR New SC set out !! , My Quant

Rules for Posting in the Verbal Forum - Rules for Posting in the Quant Forum[/size][/color][/b]

Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 24 Aug 2009
Posts: 510
Schools: Harvard, Columbia, Stern, Booth, LSB,
Followers: 9

Kudos [?]: 361 [0], given: 241

Re: A certain eye infection has been linked to exposure to [#permalink] New post 26 Jun 2013, 00:09
A certain eye infection has been linked to exposure to a certain type of high-salinity sea water. While not dangerous, these infections are painful and often unnoticeable, at least to those who contract them. Over 80% of children ages 4-14 who bathed in a particular sea called "The White Sea" have contracted the infection in varying levels of severity. Although bathing in "The White Sea" does not always lead to a contraction of the infection, the only way to completely avoid the infection is to refrain from bathing in "The White Sea" and other Sea waters altogether.
Premise- Infection is linked to bathing in high-salinity sea water
Premise- Infection is also seen in case of bathing in White Sea
Assumption- (As per 1st premise, we can safely assume that the WHITE SEA water is Highly saline)
Conclusion - The only way to avoid the infection is to refrain from bathing in "The White Sea" and other Sea waters altogether.
Flaw- Not all the sea waters are SALINE.

Which of the following indicates a flaw in the author’s reasoning?
A) It relies on evidence about a specific place to make a recommendation about an entire class of such places. - Absolutely Correct
B) It assumes that one possible cause of a condition is the only cause of that condition. - The conclusion does not discusses about the different cause of a condition. Incorrect
C) It assumes to be true what it sets out to prove. - Absolute incorrect
D) It makes a generalization based on one segment of the population. - very close but Incorrect
E) It contradicts itself by proclaiming a condition to be not dangerous and then offering a recommendation to avoid that condition. - Straight Incorrect
_________________

If you like my Question/Explanation or the contribution, Kindly appreciate by pressing KUDOS.
Kudos always maximizes GMATCLUB worth
-Game Theory

If you have any question regarding my post, kindly pm me or else I won't be able to reply

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 12 May 2013
Posts: 19
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 0

GMAT ToolKit User
Re: A certain eye infection has been linked to exposure to [#permalink] New post 26 Jun 2013, 00:16
Its A.


Sent from my GT-N7105 using Tapatalk 2
Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 14 Dec 2012
Posts: 837
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Real Estate
GMAT 1: 640 Q49 V29
GMAT 2: 670 Q50 V29
GMAT 3: 620 Q49 V26
GMAT 4: 700 Q50 V34
GPA: 3.6
Followers: 37

Kudos [?]: 561 [0], given: 197

GMAT ToolKit User
Re: A certain eye infection has been linked to exposure to [#permalink] New post 26 Jun 2013, 00:20
Vercules wrote:
A certain eye infection has been linked to exposure to a certain type of high-salinity sea water. While not dangerous, these infections are painful and often unnoticeable, at least to those who contract them. Over 80% of children ages 4-14 who bathed in a particular sea called "The White Sea" have contracted the infection in varying levels of severity. Although bathing in "The White Sea" does not always lead to a contraction of the infection, the only way to completely avoid the infection is to refrain from bathing in "The White Sea" and other Sea waters altogether.

Which of the following indicates a flaw in the author’s reasoning?

A) It relies on evidence about a specific place to make a recommendation about an entire class of such places.

B) It assumes that one possible cause of a condition is the only cause of that condition.

C) It assumes to be true what it sets out to prove.

D) It makes a generalization based on one segment of the population.

E) It contradicts itself by proclaiming a condition to be not dangerous and then offering a recommendation to avoid that condition.

OA after discussions; Good explanations will receive Kudos !! Try to explain why an answer choice is correct/ incorrect.


hi,

IMO B.



PREMISE: A certain eye infection has been linked to exposure to a certain type of high-salinity sea water.
PREMISE:Over 80% of children ages 4-14 who bathed in a particular sea called "The White Sea" have contracted the infection in varying levels of severity

CONCLUSION:the only way to completely avoid the infection is to refrain from bathing in "The White Sea" and other Sea waters altogether.
MEANS THE ONLY WAY TO AVOID THE INFECTION IS TO AVOID SEA BATHING

It is also stated that: Although bathing in "The White Sea" does not always lead to a contraction of the infection===>but still the author is concluding that the only cause of infection is sea bathing.

Authors flawed assumption is exposure to certain type of sea water can be avoided....by ONLY avoiding sea bathing in any sea.
but there may be other possibility that people might get exposed to that sea water in cases [color=#2e3192]such as BOATING in sea
.....
so author is actually assuming one of the possible cause to be the only cause.
hence B.[/color]
_________________

When you want to succeed as bad as you want to breathe ...then you will be successfull....

GIVE VALUE TO OFFICIAL QUESTIONS...



GMAT RCs VOCABULARY LIST: vocabulary-list-for-gmat-reading-comprehension-155228.html
learn AWA writing techniques while watching video : http://www.gmatprepnow.com/module/gmat- ... assessment
: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=APt9ITygGss

Manager
Manager
avatar
Status: Got Bling! Joined Phd Finance at IIML
Affiliations: IIMB, advantages.us, IIML
Joined: 03 Jul 2013
Posts: 99
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Economics
Schools: iim-bangalore - Class of 1994
GMAT 1: 750 Q59 V43
GPA: 3.12
WE: Research (Investment Banking)
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 14 [0], given: 39

Re: A certain eye infection has been linked to exposure to [#permalink] New post 05 Jul 2013, 22:34
Zarrolou wrote:
This is tough as almost all options reflect part of the reasoning, however only one is flawed.

Which of the following indicates a flaw in the author’s reasoning?

A) It relies on evidence about a specific place to make a recommendation about an entire class of such places.
This reflect the reasoning "Over 80% of children ages 4-14 who bathed in a particular sea called "The White Sea""=>avoid all Sea waters.
This is a legit reasoning, as the infection is linked with high-salinity sea water, so this recommendation makes sense.

B) It assumes that one possible cause of a condition is the only cause of that condition.
IMO CORRECT. The first line states: "A certain eye infection has been linked to exposure to a certain type of high-salinity sea water" => "the only way to completely avoid the infection is to refrain from bathing in "The White Sea" and other Sea waters altogether.".
We know that the infection has been linked to water, but could be linked to other factors as well, we don't know. But the passage excludes this possibility by stating that the ONLY way to avoid the infection is to refrain from sea water. This is a flawed reasoning.

C) It assumes to be true what it sets out to prove.
This is simply not the case.

D) It makes a generalization based on one segment of the population.
This reflects the line "Over 80% of children ages 4-14 who bathed in a particular sea called "The White Sea" have contracted the infection in varying levels of severity.". However the text does not say "because the children have contracted the infection everybody should avoid the sea water". The text does not generalize in such way.

E) It contradicts itself by proclaiming a condition to be not dangerous and then offering a recommendation to avoid that condition.
It's true that the passage says that the infection is not dangerous, but it says that is painful; so offering a recommendation to avoid it is not a flawed reasoning.



However Cicero, Option D points out that the only conlusion offeered in the argument is based on a fact of onlye children for which data is available while option B is weaker as the link to only cause is equally undiagnosed and loop not closed..i would say bad question because D makes me skip the right answer likely B (:D thru no flaw of D :X)
Manager
Manager
avatar
Status: Persevering
Joined: 15 May 2013
Posts: 223
Location: India
Concentration: Technology, Leadership
GMAT Date: 08-02-2013
GPA: 3.7
WE: Consulting (Consulting)
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 49 [0], given: 34

GMAT ToolKit User
Re: A certain eye infection has been linked to exposure to [#permalink] New post 10 Aug 2013, 05:07
docdrizzeally wrote:
Zarrolou wrote:
This is tough as almost all options reflect part of the reasoning, however only one is flawed.

Which of the following indicates a flaw in the author’s reasoning?

A) It relies on evidence about a specific place to make a recommendation about an entire class of such places.
This reflect the reasoning "Over 80% of children ages 4-14 who bathed in a particular sea called "The White Sea""=>avoid all Sea waters.
This is a legit reasoning, as the infection is linked with high-salinity sea water, so this recommendation makes sense.

B) It assumes that one possible cause of a condition is the only cause of that condition.
IMO CORRECT. The first line states: "A certain eye infection has been linked to exposure to a certain type of high-salinity sea water" => "the only way to completely avoid the infection is to refrain from bathing in "The White Sea" and other Sea waters altogether.".
We know that the infection has been linked to water, but could be linked to other factors as well, we don't know. But the passage excludes this possibility by stating that the ONLY way to avoid the infection is to refrain from sea water. This is a flawed reasoning.

C) It assumes to be true what it sets out to prove.
This is simply not the case.

D) It makes a generalization based on one segment of the population.
This reflects the line "Over 80% of children ages 4-14 who bathed in a particular sea called "The White Sea" have contracted the infection in varying levels of severity.". However the text does not say "because the children have contracted the infection everybody should avoid the sea water". The text does not generalize in such way.

E) It contradicts itself by proclaiming a condition to be not dangerous and then offering a recommendation to avoid that condition.
It's true that the passage says that the infection is not dangerous, but it says that is painful; so offering a recommendation to avoid it is not a flawed reasoning.



However Cicero, Option D points out that the only conlusion offeered in the argument is based on a fact of onlye children for which data is available while option B is weaker as the link to only cause is equally undiagnosed and loop not closed..i would say bad question because D makes me skip the right answer likely B (:D thru no flaw of D :X)



I would still prefer option B, as the conclusion says that to completely avoid x infection, therefore b directly attacks the conclusion by saying that it might not be the only cause
_________________

--It's one thing to get defeated, but another to accept it.

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 30 Mar 2013
Posts: 30
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 3 [0], given: 22

Re: A certain eye infection has been linked to exposure to a [#permalink] New post 10 Aug 2013, 08:28
Please ADD OA with explanation too !
Intern
Intern
User avatar
Status: Bring it on.....!
Joined: 11 Jul 2013
Posts: 24
Location: India
GMAT 1: 660 Q49 V31
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 5 [0], given: 4

Re: A certain eye infection has been linked to exposure to a [#permalink] New post 10 Aug 2013, 08:28
In my opinion answer would be A .

Here this paragraph is somehow forcing us to make the general assumption of real world that Sea water is highly saline and hence bathing in one would increase the probability of catching the infection, but this point is never reflected via the given information.

And by mentioning "avoid the infection is to refrain from bathing in "The White Sea" and other Sea waters altogether" , the author is somehow bringing that real world assumption into play without ever correctly indicating the same and making a recommendation about the entire class of such place. Thus the conclusion is flawed.

Please provide the OA and an official explanation if there is one.

Thanks.
_________________

Live as if your were to die tomorrow. Learn as if you were to live forever - Gandhi

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 21 Aug 2012
Posts: 171
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 9 [0], given: 7

Re: A certain eye infection has been linked to exposure to [#permalink] New post 10 Aug 2013, 11:24
Zarrolou wrote:
This is tough as almost all options reflect part of the reasoning, however only one is flawed.

Which of the following indicates a flaw in the author’s reasoning?

A) It relies on evidence about a specific place to make a recommendation about an entire class of such places.
This reflect the reasoning "Over 80% of children ages 4-14 who bathed in a particular sea called "The White Sea""=>avoid all Sea waters.
This is a legit reasoning, as the infection is linked with high-salinity sea water, so this recommendation makes sense.

B) It assumes that one possible cause of a condition is the only cause of that condition.
IMO CORRECT. The first line states: "A certain eye infection has been linked to exposure to a certain type of high-salinity sea water" => "the only way to completely avoid the infection is to refrain from bathing in "The White Sea" and other Sea waters altogether.".
We know that the infection has been linked to water, but could be linked to other factors as well, we don't know. But the passage excludes this possibility by stating that the ONLY way to avoid the infection is to refrain from sea water. This is a flawed reasoning.

C) It assumes to be true what it sets out to prove.
This is simply not the case.

D) It makes a generalization based on one segment of the population.
This reflects the line "Over 80% of children ages 4-14 who bathed in a particular sea called "The White Sea" have contracted the infection in varying levels of severity.". However the text does not say "because the children have contracted the infection everybody should avoid the sea water". The text does not generalize in such way.

E) It contradicts itself by proclaiming a condition to be not dangerous and then offering a recommendation to avoid that condition.
It's true that the passage says that the infection is not dangerous, but it says that is painful; so offering a recommendation to avoid it is not a flawed reasoning.



Agreed ... I go with B ... gr8 explanantion ..
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 03 Dec 2012
Posts: 367
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 30 [0], given: 291

Re: A certain eye infection has been linked to exposure to a [#permalink] New post 15 Oct 2013, 19:05
This question is not not as easy as it looks. You almost predetermine the answer by the end of the passage but when you start reading the answers, the only word that comes out is Whoa!!! IMO B.
Verbal Forum Moderator
Verbal Forum Moderator
User avatar
Joined: 22 Mar 2013
Posts: 872
Location: India
GPA: 3.51
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 17

Kudos [?]: 231 [0], given: 181

Premium Member CAT Tests
Re: A certain eye infection has been linked to exposure to a [#permalink] New post 31 Mar 2014, 06:46
Question stem says infection is linked to "a particular type of water " and further evidences cites that 80% children reported infection from "White sea" in the end author is concluding that in order to avoid the infection one should avoid taking bath in
in "The White Sea" and other Sea waters altogether.

How come author can put emphasis on other Sea waters altogether as fact (A certain eye infection has been linked to exposure to a certain type of high-salinity sea water.") has linked this infection to a particular type of water.

What if I take bath in Indian ocean and do not get any such infection. Author has not provided any evidence based on world wide research.
How he can bolster his claim that one should avoid taking bath in on other Sea waters altogether ?

Thus, I think option A is correct.
_________________

Piyush K
-----------------------
Our greatest weakness lies in giving up. The most certain way to succeed is to try just one more time. ― Thomas A. Edison
Don't forget to press--> Kudos :)
My Articles: 1. WOULD: when to use? | 2. All GMATPrep RCs (New)
Tip: Before exam a week earlier don't forget to exhaust all gmatprep problems specially for "sentence correction".

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 31 Jan 2014
Posts: 20
Schools: NTU '17, AGSM '16
GMAT 1: 720 Q49 V40
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 1

Re: A certain eye infection has been linked to exposure to a [#permalink] New post 31 Mar 2014, 08:03
I too thought the answer would be A, after narrowing down between A & B. But after a closer inspection i believe "B" is a better answer.

The author does not generalize that the cause of the infection is "The white Sea"; he in fact says that "Bathing in the white sea will not ...... infection"

His last statement is just a precaution because he has instilled his belief in the fact that "only and only saline water" causes this condition.
This assumption of saline water is causing the fallacy and not the palce.
Manager
Manager
avatar
Status: suffer now and live forever as a champion!!!
Joined: 01 Sep 2013
Posts: 125
Location: India
Dheeraj: Madaraboina
GPA: 3.5
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 16 [0], given: 31

Premium Member
Re: A certain eye infection has been linked to exposure to a [#permalink] New post 10 Apr 2014, 20:27
The argument says " the only way to completely avoid the infection is to refrain from bathing in "The White Sea" and other Sea waters altogether".

Therefore to flaw the argument , choice B says "It assumes that one possible cause of a condition is the only cause of that condition."

please refer to the highlighted words, they are the connectors .

Kudos if you like the post :)
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 25 Apr 2014
Posts: 78
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 9 [0], given: 1038

A certain eye infection has been linked to exposure to a [#permalink] New post 22 Jul 2014, 12:17
+1 for A
Can somebody provide the OA please?
A certain eye infection has been linked to exposure to a   [#permalink] 22 Jul 2014, 12:17
    Similar topics Author Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
7 Experts publish their posts in the topic A specific skin rash has been linked to exposure to certain siddharth86 9 16 Feb 2013, 06:06
A specific skin rash has been linked to exposure to certain suhi 12 12 Dec 2010, 12:00
3 The traditional treatment of strep infections has been a prasannar 22 27 Apr 2008, 10:51
The traditional treatment of strep infections has been a skandhadarshan 10 12 Nov 2006, 13:41
The traditional treatment of strep infections has been a qhoc0010 11 18 Feb 2005, 10:22
Display posts from previous: Sort by

A certain eye infection has been linked to exposure to a

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Privacy Policy| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.