A certain organization presents reward to some people. There are 3 kinds of reward that respectively are $125, $40, $15. If the total reward is $1,735, what is the least possible value of the number of the people who received reward?
from question :
1735= 125A + 40B +15C
Since we have 3 variables and only other information we can infer is that each of A, B and C should be non negative integer (>=0). Hence, we need to plug in numbers to find out.
Now since the question is asking for 'least' number of rewards, best approach to start with is -finding least 'possible' number of rewards - it can happen when every award is 125. So number of reward in this case 1735/125 = 13 + some remainder. hence ans must be greater than 14.
So we can start with A=13
This gives us
1735 = 13*125 + 40B +15C
or 40B + 15C =110
or 8B + 3C =22
Do we have any combination for B and C that works for this? yes.. if B=C=2.
Hence total number of rewards = A+B+C=13+2+2 = 17
same is given in A.
At this point, some observations could also be made. There could be a doubt in mind, what if A=12 and B+C <5? but note, it is not possible because for every A reduced, difference (125) is to be filled by at least 4 of Bs and Cs (40 and 15 respectively). Second, none of the answer choices is below 17.
Hence Ans A it is.
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