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A company conducted a survey about its two brands, A and B.

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A company conducted a survey about its two brands, A and B. [#permalink] New post 25 Feb 2013, 01:25
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A company conducted a survey about its two brands, A and B. x percent of respondents liked product A, (x – 20) percent liked product B, 23 percent liked both products, and 23 percent liked neither product. What is the minimum number of people surveyed by the company?

A. 46
B. 80
C. 90
D. 100
E. 200
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by Bunuel on 26 Feb 2013, 00:43, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: A company conducted a survey about its two brands, A and B [#permalink] New post 25 Feb 2013, 01:39
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emmak wrote:
A company conducted a survey about its two brands, A and B. x percent of respondents liked product A, (x – 20) percent liked product B, 23 percent liked both products, and 23 percent liked neither product. What is the minimum number of people surveyed by the company?

46

80

90

100

200


100 = x + x - 20 + 23 - 23

x = 60,

So, Product A = 60%, Product B = 40%, Both = 23%, Neither = 23%

23% of the total no. of people should be an integer. So, A,B & C are out.

60% of D and 40% of D are both integers. So, D satisfies all conditions.

So, answer is D.
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Re: A company conducted a survey about its two brands, A and B [#permalink] New post 25 Feb 2013, 02:46
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MacFauz wrote:
emmak wrote:
A company conducted a survey about its two brands, A and B. x percent of respondents liked product A, (x – 20) percent liked product B, 23 percent liked both products, and 23 percent liked neither product. What is the minimum number of people surveyed by the company?

46

80

90

100

200


100 = x + x - 20 + 23 - 23

x = 60,

So, Product A = 60%, Product B = 40%, Both = 23%, Neither = 23%

23% of the total no. of people should be an integer. So, A,B & C are out.

60% of D and 40% of D are both integers. So, D satisfies all conditions.

So, answer is D.



Even if it does not affect the result and the reasoning, in this case, I believe that the sentence is not completely clear because it should clarify if:

- x contains people who likes ONLY A, or not;
- (x - 20) contains people who likes only B, or not.

The result in this case is not affected (D in both cases), but the computation of x and x-20 is.

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Re: A company conducted a survey about its two brands, A and B [#permalink] New post 26 Feb 2013, 00:41
Expert's post
Patrizio wrote:
MacFauz wrote:
emmak wrote:
A company conducted a survey about its two brands, A and B. x percent of respondents liked product A, (x – 20) percent liked product B, 23 percent liked both products, and 23 percent liked neither product. What is the minimum number of people surveyed by the company?

46

80

90

100

200


100 = x + x - 20 + 23 - 23

x = 60,

So, Product A = 60%, Product B = 40%, Both = 23%, Neither = 23%

23% of the total no. of people should be an integer. So, A,B & C are out.

60% of D and 40% of D are both integers. So, D satisfies all conditions.

So, answer is D.



Even if it does not affect the result and the reasoning, in this case, I believe that the sentence is not completely clear because it should clarify if:

- x contains people who likes ONLY A, or not;
- (x - 20) contains people who likes only B, or not.

The result in this case is not affected (D in both cases), but the computation of x and x-20 is.

Patrizio


x percent of respondents liked product A means that x% contains those who also liked product B. No further clarification is needed here.

Otherwise it would be written: x percent of respondents liked ONLY product A.

Hope it's clear.
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Re: A company conducted a survey about its two brands, A and B. [#permalink] New post 26 Feb 2013, 01:12
AUB = 100 – 23 = 77 % = A + B – A and B
77 = x + x – 20 – 23
X = 60
A – 40 B – 60 Both – 23
Now the only key is that number of people cannot be fraction. All the percentages are integers for option D. Hence answer is D.
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Re: A company conducted a survey about its two brands, A and B. [#permalink] New post 26 Feb 2013, 02:33
vinaymimani wrote:
emmak wrote:
A company conducted a survey about its two brands, A and B. x percent of respondents liked product A, (x – 20) percent liked product B, 23 percent liked both products, and 23 percent liked neither product. What is the minimum number of people surveyed by the company?

A. 46
B. 80
C. 90
D. 100
E. 200


This question doesn't require us to calculate the value of x also. We know that 23 % of something(the number of people) has to be an integer. Thus, as 23 is prime, the "something" should be a multiple of 100. Now to minimize this "something" we can only choose 100.

D.


What if the value of x is 23.5% then 100 would also not suffice. So you need to calculate all the values to make sure that you don't get an integer.
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Re: A company conducted a survey about its two brands, A and B. [#permalink] New post 26 Feb 2013, 02:40
Expert's post
Pushpinder wrote:
vinaymimani wrote:
emmak wrote:
A company conducted a survey about its two brands, A and B. x percent of respondents liked product A, (x – 20) percent liked product B, 23 percent liked both products, and 23 percent liked neither product. What is the minimum number of people surveyed by the company?

A. 46
B. 80
C. 90
D. 100
E. 200


This question doesn't require us to calculate the value of x also. We know that 23 % of something(the number of people) has to be an integer. Thus, as 23 is prime, the "something" should be a multiple of 100. Now to minimize this "something" we can only choose 100.

D.


What if the value of x is 23.5% then 100 would also not suffice. So you need to calculate all the values to make sure that you don't get an integer.


true. agreed. oversight from my end.
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Re: A company conducted a survey about its two brands, A and B [#permalink] New post 27 Feb 2013, 12:24
MacFauz wrote:
emmak wrote:
A company conducted a survey about its two brands, A and B. x percent of respondents liked product A, (x – 20) percent liked product B, 23 percent liked both products, and 23 percent liked neither product. What is the minimum number of people surveyed by the company?

46

80

90

100

200


100 = x + x - 20 + 23 - 23

x = 60,

So, Product A = 60%, Product B = 40%, Both = 23%, Neither = 23%

23% of the total no. of people should be an integer. So, A,B & C are out.

60% of D and 40% of D are both integers. So, D satisfies all conditions.

So, answer is D.



200 also satisfies the condition, but why do you prefer D. Since, 23%, 40% and 60% of 200 is some integer.
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Re: A company conducted a survey about its two brands, A and B [#permalink] New post 27 Feb 2013, 13:35
Quote:
100 = x + x - 20 + 23 - 23

Hi,
could you please clarify the formula? why do you subtract 23?
thanks
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Re: A company conducted a survey about its two brands, A and B [#permalink] New post 28 Feb 2013, 07:17
vinaymimani wrote:

Because it mentions to find out the MINIMUM number of people surveyed.


sorry, still don't get it :oops: is there a formula you are referring to when finding a minimum?
thanks
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Re: A company conducted a survey about its two brands, A and B [#permalink] New post 28 Feb 2013, 08:33
Expert's post
LinaNY wrote:
vinaymimani wrote:

Because it mentions to find out the MINIMUM number of people surveyed.


sorry, still don't get it :oops: is there a formula you are referring to when finding a minimum?
thanks


Hi LinaNY, there's no formula for finding minimum. The formula used above is:

Total = Set X + Set Y - Both + Neither
100 = x + (x-20) - 23 + 23

Since 23 is a prime number, the total cannot be less than 100 and keep it as an integer. Your only two options are 100 and 200. Which one is the minimum? The smaller one. 200 works as well, you'd have 120 people who like X, 80 who like Y, 46 who like both and 46 who like neither. But you can get smaller than this, much like 2/4 can be reduced to 1/2.
This yields 60 people who like X, 40 who like Y, 23 who like both and 23 who like neither. Must be D if you want the minimum.

Hope this helps
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Re: A company conducted a survey about its two brands, A and B [#permalink] New post 28 Feb 2013, 09:57
VeritasPrepRon wrote:

Since 23 is a prime number, the total cannot be less than 100 and keep it as an integer. Your only two options are 100 and 200. Which one is the minimum? The smaller one.


Thank you very much, Ron. It totally makes sense now.
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Re: A company conducted a survey about its two brands, A and B. [#permalink] New post 19 Jun 2014, 07:18
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Re: A company conducted a survey about its two brands, A and B.   [#permalink] 19 Jun 2014, 07:18
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