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# A controversial figure throughout most of his public life,

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A controversial figure throughout most of his public life, [#permalink]  31 Aug 2009, 02:24
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5. A controversial figure throughout most of his public life, the Black leader Marcus Garvey advocated that some Blacks return to Africa, the land that, to him, symbolized the possibility of freedom.
(A) that some Blacks return to Africa, the land that, to him, symbolized the possibility of freedom
(B) that some Blacks return to the African land symbolizing the possibility of freedom to him
(C) that some Blacks return to Africa which was the land which symbolized the possibility of freedom to him
(D) some Black’s returning to Africa which was the land that to him symbolized the possibility of freedom
(E) some Black’s return to the land symbolizing the possibility of freedom to him, Africa
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Re: A controversial figure [#permalink]  01 Sep 2009, 06:29
always underline

5. A controversial figure throughout most of his public life, the Black leader Marcus Garvey advocated that some Blacks return to Africa, the land that, to him, symbolized the possibility of freedom.
(A) that some Blacks return to Africa, the land that, to him, symbolized the possibility of freedom
(B) that some Blacks return to the African land symbolizing the possibility of freedom to him-Meaning CHANGE
(C) that some Blacks return to Africa which was the land which symbolized the possibility of freedom to him--SO MANY WHICH
(D) some Black’s returning to Africa which was the land that to him symbolized the possibility of freedom
(E) some Black’s return to the land symbolizing the possibility of freedom to him, Africa--OUT..does nt make sense

C & E can be kicked out

IMO
[Reveal] Spoiler:
A

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Re: A controversial figure [#permalink]  01 Sep 2009, 07:37
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A

(a) land that, to him, symbolized the possibility ' modifies Africa, and a prepositional phrase 'to him' is separated by commas to show verb 'symbolized' is modifying land.
(b) 'African land symbolizing' distorts the meaning of the sentence.
(c) 'which was the land which symbolized' is wordy and awkward.
(d) 'advocated that' should be followed by subject and verb. no verb is presented. 'some Black’s returning to Africa' is awkward.
(e) wrong for same reason as d.
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Re: A controversial figure [#permalink]  10 Aug 2010, 19:19
"advocate that" is the right usage, this narrows down to A B C,

C - wrong which placement
B - says there is one particular African piece of land that symbolizes freedom

A
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Re: A controversial figure [#permalink]  11 Aug 2010, 00:38
A for sure.... the land... (modifier)
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Re: A controversial figure [#permalink]  24 Jan 2011, 11:37

return>>> present

Who can explain why A is correct?

gmataspirant2009 wrote:
5. A controversial figure throughout most of his public life, the Black leader Marcus Garvey advocated that some Blacks return to Africa, the land that, to him, symbolized the possibility of freedom.
(A) that some Blacks return to Africa, the land that, to him, symbolized the possibility of freedom
(B) that some Blacks return to the African land symbolizing the possibility of freedom to him
(C) that some Blacks return to Africa which was the land which symbolized the possibility of freedom to him
(D) some Black’s returning to Africa which was the land that to him symbolized the possibility of freedom
(E) some Black’s return to the land symbolizing the possibility of freedom to him, Africa
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Re: A controversial figure [#permalink]  24 Jan 2011, 21:10
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that does not rule out A as there is nothing wrong with return.
present tense--- he adovates the return
past tense--- he advocated the return.
the verb to be conjugated is advocate , not return.
IMO A
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Re: A controversial figure [#permalink]  25 Jan 2011, 07:55
Expert's post
The key here is the phrase, ‘to him’; It is used to mean ‘according to him’ and is therefore set off within commas. Without the use of commas, the phrase modifies freedom and thus erroneously means freedom to the Black leader. That is why we have to reject B, C and E, notwithstanding other aberrations inherent in them.

In A, it may be noted that the verb ‘return’ is used in the imperative form of present subjunctive mood. ‘Advocated’ is one of the so called bossy words here, coming as they are from a leader of the status of Marcus Garvey. Hence let there be no be no doubt about the use of the word ‘return’ in choice A. In D, the use of the gerund ‘returning’ is too awkward to consider. A wins after all.
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Re: A controversial figure [#permalink]  25 Jan 2011, 09:30
gmataspirant2009 wrote:
5. A controversial figure throughout most of his public life, the Black leader Marcus Garvey advocated that some Blacks return to Africa, the land that, to him, symbolized the possibility of freedom.
(A) that some Blacks return to Africa, the land that, to him, symbolized the possibility of freedom
(B) that some Blacks return to the African land symbolizing the possibility of freedom to him
(C) that some Blacks return to Africa which was the land which symbolized the possibility of freedom to him
(D) some Black’s returning to Africa which was the land that to him symbolized the possibility of freedom
(E) some Black’s return to the land symbolizing the possibility of freedom to him, Africa

Hi,

Imo the subjunctive mood is tested here... advocated that... return (in be form). So A should be just about right. D and E are out for that reason.
In B, "that some Blacks return to the African land symbolizing the possibility of freedom to him"- Blacks return to the African land of what? It should be written as, that some Blacks return to Africa. And the sentence takes on a different meaning.
It's saying that the return of the Blacks symbolized the possibility of freedom to him, when it should mean that the land (Africa) symbolized the possibility of freedom. B is definitely out.
In C, "that some Blacks return to Africa which was the land which symbolized the possibility of freedom to him" - "which was the land" indicates that it is no more the land. The only thing that has changed (which would make sense) is the fact that at one time Africa symbolized the possibility of freedom to him (Now that he's passed, it would make sense to say that Africa did mean something to him but not any more since he's not alive).
A is right, " Africa, the land that" is constructed correctly. The land properly modifies Africa. The rest of the sentence is also properly written to create a clear and concise sentence. IMHO

HTH

Mari
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Re: A controversial figure throughout most of his public life, [#permalink]  27 Jul 2015, 07:36
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Re: A controversial figure throughout most of his public life,   [#permalink] 27 Jul 2015, 07:36
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