A controversial program rewards prison inmates who behave : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# A controversial program rewards prison inmates who behave

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A controversial program rewards prison inmates who behave [#permalink]

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10 Mar 2005, 18:17
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A controversial program rewards prison inmates who behave particularly well in prison by giving them the chance to receive free cosmetic plastic surgery performed by medical students. The program is obviously morally questionable, both in its assumptions about what inmates might want and in its use of the prison population to train future surgeons.
Putting these moral issues aside, however, the surgery clearly has a powerful rehabilitative effect as is shown by the fact that, among recipients of the surgery, the proportion who are convicted of new crimes committed after release is only half that for the prison population as a whole.

A flaw in the reasoning of the passage is that it

(A) allows moral issues to be a consideration in presenting evidence about matters of fact

(B) dismisses moral considerations on the grounds that only matters of fact are relevant

(C) labels the program as â€œcontroversialâ€
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10 Mar 2005, 18:36
I am between B and E. But prefer .....
(B) dismisses moral considerations on the grounds that only matters of fact are relevant
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10 Mar 2005, 22:05
MA wrote:
I am between B and E.

Same.. but I will choose (E)..

It will be representative when author will supply(among recepient of surgery):
number of convicted after release/total number of releases
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11 Mar 2005, 04:59
E) the sample is not representative, becaue they may be already less willing to commit a crime before they did the plastic surgery
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11 Mar 2005, 06:27
E
Because surgery receive only inmates who behave particularly well in prison we cannot conclude that this group is representative in terms of the following behaviour in life
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11 Mar 2005, 07:43
I liked (E).

Actually (E) can mean two things

1. if the inmates were predisposed to not committing crimes after being released then the sample chosen does not prove anything. Infact it might make the case weak because those inmates were not truely rehabilitated.

2. On the otherhand if the sample had same attributes as the rest of the population then it is better to make the inmates undergo free cosmetic surgery.

(E) can either strengthen or weaken the case for rehabilitating the inmates
Since the author says that rehabilitating inmates through surgery is immoral he/she probably believes (or assumes ) that the inmates were predisposed to not committing crimes after being released.
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11 Mar 2005, 10:21
could someone explain what the title of the post mean (the figure 020311)? Is it the source of the question?
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11 Mar 2005, 17:58
thearch wrote:
could someone explain what the title of the post mean (the figure 020311)?

PM to chunjuwu.. He/She will tell u..
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11 Mar 2005, 21:21
anandnk wrote:
I liked (E).

Actually (E) can mean two things

1. if the inmates were predisposed to not committing crimes after being released then the sample chosen does not prove anything. Infact it might make the case weak because those inmates were not truely rehabilitated.

2. On the otherhand if the sample had same attributes as the rest of the population then it is better to make the inmates undergo free cosmetic surgery.

(E) can either strengthen or weaken the case for rehabilitating the inmates
Since the author says that rehabilitating inmates through surgery is immoral he/she probably believes (or assumes ) that the inmates were predisposed to not committing crimes after being released.

Right, because these inmates who received cosmetic plastic surgery behave particularly well in prison.

We cannot determine whether the major cause which makes these better-performanced inmates wouldn't commit new crimes is their predisposition or surgery.

However, I need more strong reason to refute B.

Because the author said the program is morally questionable, and then he said 'Putting these moral issues aside' right away. I think it's contradictory as said in B.

So, Why not B.
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12 Mar 2005, 09:13
chunjuwu wrote:
anandnk wrote:
I liked (E).

Actually (E) can mean two things

1. if the inmates were predisposed to not committing crimes after being released then the sample chosen does not prove anything. Infact it might make the case weak because those inmates were not truely rehabilitated.

2. On the otherhand if the sample had same attributes as the rest of the population then it is better to make the inmates undergo free cosmetic surgery.

(E) can either strengthen or weaken the case for rehabilitating the inmates
Since the author says that rehabilitating inmates through surgery is immoral he/she probably believes (or assumes ) that the inmates were predisposed to not committing crimes after being released.

Right, because these inmates who received cosmetic plastic surgery behave particularly well in prison.

We cannot determine whether the major cause which makes these better-performanced inmates wouldn't commit new crimes is their predisposition or surgery.

However, I need more strong reason to refute B.

Because the author said the program is morally questionable, and then he said 'Putting these moral issues aside' right away. I think it's contradictory as said in B.

So, Why not B.

Chunjuwu, actually there is a very strong reason to refute (B).

Let's see what (B) does:

"dismisses moral considerations on the grounds that only matters of fact are relevant "

Here it says 'on the grounds that only matters of fact are relevant". But can the findins limited to just one prison be a fact ? It cannot be, unless the study was done across all prisons in the country.

For instance,
"Based on the study in ywilfred gmat school, students who attended ywilfred's gmat prep course tend to fail gmat. Therefore, students who attend gmat prep courses are bound to fail". --> Applying a finding you made locally to a large group (turn it into a fact)
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12 Mar 2005, 10:11
Hi chunjuwu,

I dont think that the author dimissed moral considerations.
Something like saying

I hate cheese burgers because they make me fat. But I should mention that they are the tastiest burgers.

This does not mean I dont hate cheese burgers.

Cheers,
Anand.
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12 Mar 2005, 12:38

i am so excited.......
I got this one right !!!...
I have found the same way of reasoning, by looking at E.
were it sais that the subjects of the plastic surgery are already inmates who behave better, so the fact that they don't commit as many crimes as the rest, is not a good example because they are not a group of inmates not representative of the total population.
_________________

discipline is what I need.

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