A dealer originally bought 100 identical batteries at a tota : GMAT Problem Solving (PS)
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# A dealer originally bought 100 identical batteries at a tota

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A dealer originally bought 100 identical batteries at a tota [#permalink]

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03 Jul 2008, 09:43
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A dealer originally bought 100 identical batteries at a total cost of q dollars. If each battery was sold at 50 percent above the original cost per battery, then, in terms of q, for how many dollars was each battery sold?

(A) 3q/200
(B) 3q/2
(C) 150q
(D) q/100
(E) 150/q

OPEN DISCUSSION OF THIS QUESTION IS HERE: a-dealer-originally-bought-100-identical-batteries-at-a-tota-143748.html
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Bunuel on 18 Dec 2013, 01:06, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic, edited the question and added the OA.
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03 Jul 2008, 09:49
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Cost per battery = q/100 dollars.

Selling price per battery = (q/100) * 1.5 --> as it is 50% more than the cost.
= 1.5q/100 = 15q/1000 = 3q/200.
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03 Jul 2008, 09:50
B. 3q/200

"in term of q" Calculate new value based on q.
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03 Jul 2008, 09:55
vksunder wrote:
A dealer originally bought 100 identical batteries at a total cost of q dollars. If each battery was sold at 50 percent above the original cost per battery, then, in terms of q, for how many dollars was each battery sold?

a. 3q/200
b. 3q/2
c. 150q
d. q/100+50
e. 150/q

Could one of you please explain what 'in terms of q' mean in the question? Also, could you please solve this problem by plugging numbers. Thanks!

'in terms of q' means 'find the price of each battery as a function of q'

i.e. if p = price of each battery, then what is p expressed in q?

Hope that helps.
solving by plugging you can do the following (though this problem is much easier to solve directly than by plugging in numbers):
q=$100 then p=$1.5

then plug in the numbers
lets try A
3q/200 => 3(100)/200 = 1.5 => matches our answer!
but since we're plugging in numbers we can't stop here, we'd have to try all of them to see if any other ones also fit.
In the end, we'll realize that A is the only one that works, and choose A.

The easier way is to solve directly.
100 batteries cost q dollars => cost of one battery = q/100
price of one batter is 50% more than cost => price of one battery = 1.5*cost = 1.5*(q/100)
=> we get that P = (1.5/100)*q = (3/200)*q = answer choice A
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04 Jul 2008, 22:08
vksunder wrote:
A dealer originally bought 100 identical batteries at a total cost of q dollars. If each battery was sold at 50 percent above the original cost per battery, then, in terms of q, for how many dollars was each battery sold?

a. 3q/200
b. 3q/2
c. 150q
d. q/100+50
e. 150/q

Could one of you please explain what 'in terms of q' mean in the question? Also, could you please solve this problem by plugging numbers. Thanks!

Cost price of each battery = q/100

Selling price of each battery = q/100 + 50%*q/100
= q/100 + q/200 =3q/200

Selling price of each battery = (q/100) * 1.5 --> as it is 50% more than the cost.
= 1.5q/100 = 15q/1000 = 3q/200.
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10 Jul 2008, 11:49
domleon wrote:
friends, so is the OA now A or B?

I think it should be A. If we calculating in term of cents then 3q/2 would be correct.
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Re: A dealer originally bought 100 identical batteries at a [#permalink]

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21 Nov 2011, 11:11
I like using a number for the variable and trying to get the target value from the answers. (similar to jasonc did above)

So if we chose q = 400
We get price per battery = 400/100 = 4
New price = 4 + 1/2 (4) = 6 {This is the target value}

if plug q in answer choices, we get 6 for only option A.
Ans: A
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Re: A dealer originally bought 100 identical batteries at a [#permalink]

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21 Nov 2011, 12:00
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We have:
100 Bat -> q $1 Bat -> q/100$
each battery sold at profit of 50% (1.5 times original cost)
so 1 Bat sold for 1.5* q/100
multiply numerator and den by 2 we have
each battery sold for 3q/200
Hence A
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Re: A dealer originally bought 100 identical batteries at a [#permalink]

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21 Nov 2011, 13:27
A dealer originally bought 100 identical batteries at a total cost of q dollars. If each battery was sold at 50 percent above the original cost per battery, then, in terms of q, for how many dollars was each battery sold?

a. 3q/200
b. 3q/2
c. 150q
d. q/100+50
e. 150/q

here is how to choose smart numbers and plug in those numbers.
total cost=q=100
so each battery costs $1 and was sold at 50% increase, which means,$1.50...now we need to plug in 100(substitute q with 100) in every answer and the correct choice will be the one that yields $1.50 and A is the correct answe hope this helps _________________ Sky is the limit Manager Joined: 22 Apr 2011 Posts: 222 Schools: Mccombs business school, Mays business school, Rotman Business School, Followers: 1 Kudos [?]: 110 [0], given: 18 Re: A dealer originally bought 100 identical batteries at a [#permalink] ### Show Tags 20 Nov 2012, 08:29 in plug-in strategy, option E is also 1.5 if i denote q to be 100. am i missing something here??? _________________ some people are successful, because they have been fortunate enough and some people earn success, because they have been determined..... please press kudos if you like my post.... i am begging for kudos...lol GMAT Club Legend Joined: 09 Sep 2013 Posts: 13495 Followers: 576 Kudos [?]: 163 [0], given: 0 Re: A dealer originally bought 100 identical batteries at a [#permalink] ### Show Tags 17 Dec 2013, 19:14 Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot! Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos). Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email. _________________ Math Expert Joined: 02 Sep 2009 Posts: 36590 Followers: 7092 Kudos [?]: 93392 [0], given: 10557 Re: A dealer originally bought 100 identical batteries at a tota [#permalink] ### Show Tags 18 Dec 2013, 01:07 A dealer originally bought 100 identical batteries at a total cost of q dollars. If each battery was sold at 50 percent above the original cost per battery, then, in terms of q, for how many dollars was each battery sold? (A) 3q/200 (B) 3q/2 (C) 150q (D) q/100 (E) 150/q ALGEBRAIC APPROACH: The cost of 100 batteries is q dollars, thus the cost of 1 battery is q/100 dollars. Since the selling price is 50% greater than the cost price than the selling price is q/100*1.5=q/100*3/2=3q/200. Answer: A. NUMBER PLUGGING APPROACH: Say q=$200, then the cost of 1 battery is q/100=$2. The selling price is 2*1.5=$3.

Now, plug q=200 in the answers to see which yields \$3. Only answer choice A works.

OPEN DISCUSSION OF THIS QUESTION IS HERE: a-dealer-originally-bought-100-identical-batteries-at-a-tota-143748.html
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Re: A dealer originally bought 100 identical batteries at a tota   [#permalink] 18 Dec 2013, 01:07
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