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A decade after initiating the nation's most comprehensive

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A decade after initiating the nation's most comprehensive [#permalink] New post 06 Oct 2009, 05:24
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A decade after initiating the nation's most comprehensive and aggressive antismoking program, per capita consumption of cigarettes in California declined from over 125 packs annually per person to about 60, a drop more than twice as great as in the nation as a whole.
A) per capita consumption of cigarettes in California declined from over 125 packs annually per person to about 60, a drop more than twice as great as
B) annual per capita consumption of cigarettes in California declined from over 125 packs to about 60, more than twice as great as that
C) California's annual per capita consumption of cigarettes declined from over 125 packs per person to about 60, more than twice as great as the drop
D) California has seen per capita consumption of cigarettes decline from over 125 packs annually to about 60, a drop more than twice as great as that
E) California has seen annual per capita consumption of cigarettes decline from over 125 packs per person to about 60, more than twice as great as that
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by mau5 on 28 Nov 2013, 04:44, edited 1 time in total.
Added OA
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Re: A decade after initiating the nation's most comprehensive an [#permalink] New post 06 Oct 2009, 05:45
per capita and per person sounds repetitive...so A, C, E out.
Between B and D, D sounds more convincing...so IMO D is the answer
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Re: A decade after initiating the nation's most comprehensive an [#permalink] New post 06 Oct 2009, 10:00
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A) per capita consumption of cigarettes in California declined from over 125 packs annually per person to about 60, a drop more than twice as great as
==>The starting phrase "A decade...program" requires a nown just after the comma, moreover "per capita consumption" and "per person" are repetition.B) annual per capita consumption of cigarettes in California declined from over 125 packs to about 60, more than twice as great as that
==>The starting phrase "A decade...program" requires a nown just after the comma. "more than twice.." should be "a drop more than...."C) California's annual per capita consumption of cigarettes declined from over 125 packs per person to about 60, more than twice as great as the drop
==>Same as A and B
D) California has seen per capita consumption of cigarettes decline from over 125 packs annually to about 60, a drop more than twice as great as that
==>Correct
E) California has seen annual per capita consumption of cigarettes decline from over 125 packs per person to about 60, more than twice as great as that
==> "per capita consumption" and "per person" are repetition. "more than twice.." is reffering to 60 which is wrong.
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Re: A decade after initiating the nation's most comprehensive an [#permalink] New post 06 Oct 2009, 10:05
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gmataspirant2009 wrote:
A) per capita consumption of cigarettes in California declined from over 125 packs annually per person to about 60, a drop more than twice as great as
==>The starting phrase "A decade...program" requires a nown just after the comma, moreover "per capita consumption" and "per person" are repetition.B) annual per capita consumption of cigarettes in California declined from over 125 packs to about 60, more than twice as great as that
==>The starting phrase "A decade...program" requires a nown just after the comma. "more than twice.." should be "a drop more than...."C) California's annual per capita consumption of cigarettes declined from over 125 packs per person to about 60, more than twice as great as the drop
==>Same as A and B
D) California has seen per capita consumption of cigarettes decline from over 125 packs annually to about 60, a drop more than twice as great as that
==>Correct
E) California has seen annual per capita consumption of cigarettes decline from over 125 packs per person to about 60, more than twice as great as that
==> "per capita consumption" and "per person" are repetition. "more than twice.." is reffering to 60 which is wrong.


gmataspirant nice explanation....
OA is D
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Re: A decade after initiating the nation's most comprehensive an [#permalink] New post 03 Dec 2009, 20:04
I agree with the OA.
"A decade after initiating", so we need to look for someone or something initiating the program, hence rule out ABC.
Between D and E.
D is better because E is redundant.
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Re: A decade after initiating the nation's most comprehensive an [#permalink] New post 16 Feb 2011, 22:48
gurpreet07 wrote:
A decade after initiating the nation's most comprehensive and aggressive antismoking program, per capita consumption of cigarettes in California declined from over 125 packs annually per person to about 60, a drop more than twice as great as in the nation as a whole.
A) per capita consumption of cigarettes in California declined from over 125 packs annually per person to about 60, a drop more than twice as great as.
B) annual per capita consumption of cigarettes in California declined from over 125 packs to about 60, more than twice as great as that
C) California's annual per capita consumption of cigarettes declined from over 125 packs per person to about 60, more than twice as great as the drop
D) California has seen per capita consumption of cigarettes decline from over 125 packs annually to about 60, a drop more than twice as great as that
E) California has seen annual per capita consumption of cigarettes decline from over 125 packs per person to about 60, more than twice as great as that


Who has initiated the nations's most comprehensive antismoking program? California. So it is clear that the dependent clause is modifying California, whic should follow after the comma. Only D and E have this. D correctly modifies the change that has taken place (the drop from 125 packs to 60 packs). Hence it is the correct answer.
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Re: A decade after initiating the nation's most comprehensive an [#permalink] New post 08 Mar 2011, 02:43
I had no clue on this one, I chose E
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Re: A decade after initiating the nation's most comprehensive an [#permalink] New post 17 Jul 2011, 15:38
Eliminate A,B and C quickly because the sentence starts with "A decade after.....". In A, B and C it's not clear who started this program.

Left with D and E. Eliminate E as it repeats information about per capita and 125 packs per person. Left with D.
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Re: A decade after initiating the nation's most comprehensive an [#permalink] New post 18 Jul 2011, 02:26
Between D and E.. chose E.. But agree with the explanations that D is right..
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Re: A decade after initiating the nation's most comprehensive an [#permalink] New post 30 Jul 2011, 11:12
gurpreet07 wrote:
A decade after initiating the nation's most comprehensive and aggressive antismoking program, per capita consumption of cigarettes in California declined from over 125 packs annually per person to about 60, a drop more than twice as great as in the nation as a whole.
A) per capita consumption of cigarettes in California declined from over 125 packs annually per person to about 60, a drop more than twice as great as
B) annual per capita consumption of cigarettes in California declined from over 125 packs to about 60, more than twice as great as that
C) California's annual per capita consumption of cigarettes declined from over 125 packs per person to about 60, more than twice as great as the drop
D) California has seen per capita consumption of cigarettes decline from over 125 packs annually to about 60, a drop more than twice as great as that
E) California has seen annual per capita consumption of cigarettes decline from over 125 packs per person to about 60, more than twice as great as that


IMO it should be C , why is C wrong , C is concise in the sense it says California's annual per capita consumption instead of per capita consumption of cigarettes in California
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Re: A decade after initiating the nation's most comprehensive an [#permalink] New post 31 Jul 2011, 01:51
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@crackHSW:

1. In your quest for concision, you have missed the basic tenet of modification. Pl. ponder what noun should the non-underlined introductory phrase modify? Is it California or its consumption? The answer for this will tell you why C is wrong.
2. In C, per capita consumption per person is redundant
3. In C, what is more than twice the drop – is it the figure of 60 or the drop from 125 to 60? You may see, D clears this ambiguity by bringing in the appositive ‘ a drop”
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Re: A decade after initiating the nation's most comprehensive an [#permalink] New post 31 Jul 2011, 03:20
@daagh ,

Thanks for the explaintaion , I get it now
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Re: A decade after initiating the nation's most comprehensive [#permalink] New post 02 Nov 2011, 23:41
D
"A decade after initiating the nation's most comprehensive and aggressive antismoking program" needs to modify a noun, which is "California".
(You can't use "California's annual per capita consumption", since California's consumption cannot initiate an antismoking program)

This leaves only D and E as potential answers.
In E, in "...from over 125 packs per person to about 60, more than twice as great as that", what is more than twice as great? From this it looks like 60 is more than twice as great. No way, it's the drop that's more than twice as great.
Hence the answer is D.

Try reading the "Modifiers" chapter from Manhattan's Sentence Correction book, it will help.
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Re: A decade after initiating the nation's most comprehensive [#permalink] New post 03 Nov 2011, 06:11
I went with E..but after reading through I would have to agree with that D is the right answer. by changing the position of "a drop more than twice as great as that" ... changed the meaning of the sentence.
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Re: A decade after initiating the nation's most comprehensive [#permalink] New post 03 Nov 2011, 20:58
I was stuck between D and E... i now see the redundancy of per capita and per person.... very nice.
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Re: A decade after initiating the nation's most comprehensive [#permalink] New post 28 Oct 2012, 22:15
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This question is a nice example where its necessary to use an absolute phrase.
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Re: A decade after initiating the nation's most comprehensive [#permalink] New post 05 Dec 2012, 13:45
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A decade after initiating the nation's most comprehensive and aggressive antismoking program, per capita consumption of cigarettes in California declined from over 125 packs annually per person to about 60, a drop more than twice as great as in the nation as a whole.

Meaning analysis :
A decade after the program
per capita consumption of cigarette in California has been declined.

Error analysis :
A decade after initiating the nation's most comprehensive and aggressive antismoking program,
per capita consumption of cigarettes in California declined from over 125 packs annually per person to about 60, a drop more than twice as great as in the nation as a whole.
Error :1.program started in past , but its effect apparent now => present perfect tense required.
2. it is not clear that comparison betn a drop and (?) in the nation .

A) per capita consumption of cigarettes in California declined[/b]from over 125 packs annually per person to about 60, a drop more than twice as great as :wrong
B) annual per capita consumption of cigarettes in California declined[b]
from over 125 packs to about 60, more than twice as great asthat wrong
C) California's annual per capita consumption of cigarettes declined from over 125 packs per person to about 60, more than twice as great as the drop wrong
D) California has seen per capita consumption of cigarettes decline from over 125 packs annually to about 60, a drop more than twice as great as that :correct
E) California has seen annual per capita consumption of cigarettes decline from over 125 packs per person to about 60, [s]more than twice as great as :that[/s] :wrong
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Re: A decade after initiating the nation's most comprehensive [#permalink] New post 21 Jan 2013, 09:26
oa D shows that
pronoun "that' can be used in non paralell structure provided that "that" refers to a different noun from the previous noun.

is my thinking correct?

in D
how "annually" is used, pls help
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Re: A decade after initiating the nation's most comprehensive [#permalink] New post 16 Aug 2013, 11:53
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(E) effectively says:
"decline from over 125 packs to about 60, more than twice as great as that in that nation as a whole."

"decline from over 125 packs to about 60, more than twice as great as [the decline] in that nation as a whole."
You're saying that 60 was more than twice the decline of the nation. That doesn't make sense.
What you mean to say is the drop from 125 to 60 --- effectively the 65 drop - was more than twice the amount of decline that the entire nation experienced. So what you intend to say is not reflected in (E).


Whereas (D) says: "decline from 125 packs to 60, A DROP more than twice as great as [the drop] in that nation as a whole."
You're comparing the magnitude of the drop - saying it was twice the drop in the entire nation. This is what you're trying to say so (D) is the better choice.
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Re: A decade after initiating the nation's most comprehensive [#permalink] New post 27 Nov 2013, 20:58
:yikes... took 3 mins to get D and to finally figure out the right comaprision. really good question.
Re: A decade after initiating the nation's most comprehensive   [#permalink] 27 Nov 2013, 20:58
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