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A fair 2 sided coin is flipped 6 times. What is the

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A fair 2 sided coin is flipped 6 times. What is the [#permalink] New post 06 Dec 2009, 17:50
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A fair 2 sided coin is flipped 6 times. What is the probability that tails will be the result at least twice, but not more than 5 times?

A. 5/8
B. 3/4
C. 7/8
D. 57/64
E. 15/16

Hi all,
First post, I have to say is this site is an amazing resource. Thanks to everyone who contributes!

I understand how to get the denominator just fine, but I am missing something on the numerator. I read the answer, but something just isn't clicking.

Thanks!
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Bunuel on 28 Nov 2013, 05:51, edited 2 times in total.
Edited the question and added the OA
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Re: Combination problem - Princenten Review 2009 Bin 4 Q2 [#permalink] New post 06 Dec 2009, 18:14
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Expert's post
brentbrent wrote:
Hi all,
First post, I have to say is this site is an amazing resource. Thanks to everyone who contributes!

Question:
A fair 2 sided coin is flipped 6 times. What is the probability that tails will be the result at least twice, but not more than 5 times?

a) 5/8
b) 3/4
c) 7/8
d) 57/64
e) 15/16

[Reveal] Spoiler:
c

I understand how to get the denominator just fine, but I am missing something on the numerator. I read the answer, but something just isn't clicking.

Thanks!


Welcome to Gmat Club forum.

It would be easier to calculate the probability of opposite event and subtract it from 1.
Opposite event: 0 tail, 1 tail, 6 tails.

Probability of getting no tails: \frac{1}{2^6}=\frac{1}{64};

Probability of getting 1 tail: 6C1*\frac{1}{2^6}=\frac{6}{64}, we must multiply by 6C1 or by 6 as tail can occur for any flip from 6, hence in 6 ways;

Probability of getting 6 tails: \frac{1}{2^6}=\frac{1}{64}

P=1-(\frac{1}{64}+\frac{6}{64}+\frac{1}{64})=\frac{56}{64}=\frac{7}{8}

Answer: C.

Please ask if any question remains.

For more on probability and combinatorics please refer to the link: GMAT MATH BOOK
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Re: Combination problem - Princenten Review 2009 Bin 4 Q2 [#permalink] New post 06 Dec 2009, 19:14
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brentbrent wrote:
Hi all,
First post, I have to say is this site is an amazing resource. Thanks to everyone who contributes!

Question:
A fair 2 sided coin is flipped 6 times. What is the probability that tails will be the result at least twice, but not more than 5 times?

a) 5/8
b) 3/4
c) 7/8
d) 57/64
e) 15/16

[Reveal] Spoiler:
c

I understand how to get the denominator just fine, but I am missing something on the numerator. I read the answer, but something just isn't clicking.

Thanks!


the long way:
You have 4 options, tails twice, tails three times, tails 4 times, and tails 5 times

let's start with tails twice( this means 2 tails 4 heads)
6!/2!4! = 15

tails three times
6!/3!3! = 20

tails four times
6!/4!2! = 15

tails 5 times
6!/5!1! = 6

sum all and you get 56
56/64 = 7/8
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Re: Combination problem - Princenten Review 2009 Bin 4 Q2 [#permalink] New post 06 Dec 2009, 19:37
Bunnel and Iagomez, thanks for the timely responses!

Bunnel:
I was getting hung up on why 6C1 had to be multiplied by 6.


Thanks again to both of you.
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Re: Combination problem - Princenten Review 2009 Bin 4 Q2 [#permalink] New post 07 Dec 2009, 02:42
Expert's post
brentbrent wrote:
Bunnel and Iagomez, thanks for the timely responses!

Bunnel:
I was getting hung up on why 6C1 had to be multiplied by 6.


Thanks again to both of you.


What I meant was, when counting probability of getting 1 tail when flipped 6 times, 1 tail can occur in 6 different ways:

THHHHH
HTHHHH
HHTHHH
HHHTHH
HHHHTH
HHHHHT

Generally probability of occurring event k times in n-time sequence could be expressed as:

P = C^n_k*p^k*(1-p)^{n-k}

In our case k=1 and n=6, so we get:

P = C^6_1*\frac{1}{2}*\frac{1}{2^5}=6*\frac{1}{2^6}=\frac{6}{64}

So \frac{1}{64} should be multiplied by C^6_1, which is 6.
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PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 11 Rules for Posting!!!

RESOURCES: [GMAT MATH BOOK]; 1. Triangles; 2. Polygons; 3. Coordinate Geometry; 4. Factorials; 5. Circles; 6. Number Theory; 7. Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets; 9. PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders; 11. GMAT Prep Software Analysis NEW!!!; 12. SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) NEW!!!; 12. Tricky questions from previous years. NEW!!!;

COLLECTION OF QUESTIONS:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS ; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


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Coin prob [#permalink] New post 27 Aug 2010, 13:40
A fair coin is flipped 6 times. what is the probability that heads will be the result at least twice but not more than 5 times


15/16

57/64

7/8

3/4

5/8
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Re: A fair 2 sided coin is flipped 6 times. What is the [#permalink] New post 11 Mar 2013, 12:50
"at least twice, but not more than 5 times" means exactly 2 times, 3 times, 4 times and 5 times

The probability of getting exactly k results out of n flips is nCk/2^n

6C2/2^6+6C3/2^6+6C4/2^6+6C5/2^6=(20+15+15+6)/2^6=56/64=(7*8)/(8*8)=7/8
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Re: Combination problem - Princenten Review 2009 Bin 4 Q2 [#permalink] New post 27 Nov 2013, 18:56
Bunuel wrote:
brentbrent wrote:
Hi all,
First post, I have to say is this site is an amazing resource. Thanks to everyone who contributes!

Question:
A fair 2 sided coin is flipped 6 times. What is the probability that tails will be the result at least twice, but not more than 5 times?

a) 5/8
b) 3/4
c) 7/8
d) 57/64
e) 15/16

[Reveal] Spoiler:
c

I understand how to get the denominator just fine, but I am missing something on the numerator. I read the answer, but something just isn't clicking.

Thanks!


Welcome to Gmat Club forum.

It would be easier to calculate the probability of opposite event and subtract it from 1.
Opposite event: 0 tail, 1 tail, 6 tails.

Probability of getting no tails: \frac{1}{2^6}=\frac{1}{64};

Probability of getting 1 tail: 6C1*\frac{1}{2^6}=\frac{6}{64}, we must multiply by 6C1 or by 6 as tail can occur for any flip from 6, hence in 6 ways;

Probability of getting 6 tails: \frac{1}{2^6}=\frac{1}{64}

P=1-(\frac{1}{64}+\frac{6}{64}+\frac{1}{64})=\frac{56}{64}=\frac{7}{8}

Answer: C.

Please ask if any question remains.

For more on probability and combinatorics please refer to the link: GMAT MATH BOOK



How do you calculate the prob of getting one tail in the any of the 6 flips as 6/64; can you let me know?

Thanks in advance

:P
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Re: Combination problem - Princenten Review 2009 Bin 4 Q2 [#permalink] New post 28 Nov 2013, 05:52
Expert's post
rango wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
brentbrent wrote:
Hi all,
First post, I have to say is this site is an amazing resource. Thanks to everyone who contributes!

Question:
A fair 2 sided coin is flipped 6 times. What is the probability that tails will be the result at least twice, but not more than 5 times?

a) 5/8
b) 3/4
c) 7/8
d) 57/64
e) 15/16

[Reveal] Spoiler:
c

I understand how to get the denominator just fine, but I am missing something on the numerator. I read the answer, but something just isn't clicking.

Thanks!


Welcome to Gmat Club forum.

It would be easier to calculate the probability of opposite event and subtract it from 1.
Opposite event: 0 tail, 1 tail, 6 tails.

Probability of getting no tails: \frac{1}{2^6}=\frac{1}{64};

Probability of getting 1 tail: 6C1*\frac{1}{2^6}=\frac{6}{64}, we must multiply by 6C1 or by 6 as tail can occur for any flip from 6, hence in 6 ways;

Probability of getting 6 tails: \frac{1}{2^6}=\frac{1}{64}

P=1-(\frac{1}{64}+\frac{6}{64}+\frac{1}{64})=\frac{56}{64}=\frac{7}{8}

Answer: C.

Please ask if any question remains.

For more on probability and combinatorics please refer to the link: GMAT MATH BOOK



How do you calculate the prob of getting one tail in the any of the 6 flips as 6/64; can you let me know?

Thanks in advance

:P


Explained here: a-fair-2-sided-coin-is-flipped-6-times-what-is-the-87673.html#p659490

Hope it helps.
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PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 11 Rules for Posting!!!

RESOURCES: [GMAT MATH BOOK]; 1. Triangles; 2. Polygons; 3. Coordinate Geometry; 4. Factorials; 5. Circles; 6. Number Theory; 7. Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets; 9. PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders; 11. GMAT Prep Software Analysis NEW!!!; 12. SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) NEW!!!; 12. Tricky questions from previous years. NEW!!!;

COLLECTION OF QUESTIONS:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS ; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


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Re: Combination problem - Princenten Review 2009 Bin 4 Q2 [#permalink] New post 28 Nov 2013, 06:25
Bunuel wrote:
brentbrent wrote:
Bunnel and Iagomez, thanks for the timely responses!

Bunnel:
I was getting hung up on why 6C1 had to be multiplied by 6.


Thanks again to both of you.


What I meant was, when counting probability of getting 1 tail when flipped 6 times, 1 tail can occur in 6 different ways:

THHHHH
HTHHHH
HHTHHH
HHHTHH
HHHHTH
HHHHHT

Generally probability of occurring event k times in n-time sequence could be expressed as:

P = C^n_k*p^k*(1-p)^{n-k}

In our case k=1 and n=6, so we get:

P = C^6_1*\frac{1}{2}*\frac{1}{2^5}=6*\frac{1}{2^6}=\frac{6}{64}

So \frac{1}{64} should be multiplied by C^6_1, which is 6.


ok slight complicated; but will do it……………; let me know to find the basic formulas for the no. properties?

thanks
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Re: A fair 2 sided coin is flipped 6 times. What is the [#permalink] New post 21 Sep 2014, 20:05
Bunuel wrote:
brentbrent wrote:
Hi all,
First post, I have to say is this site is an amazing resource. Thanks to everyone who contributes!

Question:
A fair 2 sided coin is flipped 6 times. What is the probability that tails will be the result at least twice, but not more than 5 times?

a) 5/8
b) 3/4
c) 7/8
d) 57/64
e) 15/16

[Reveal] Spoiler:
c

I understand how to get the denominator just fine, but I am missing something on the numerator. I read the answer, but something just isn't clicking.

Thanks!


Welcome to Gmat Club forum.

It would be easier to calculate the probability of opposite event and subtract it from 1.
Opposite event: 0 tail, 1 tail, 6 tails.

Probability of getting no tails: \frac{1}{2^6}=\frac{1}{64};

Probability of getting 1 tail: 6C1*\frac{1}{2^6}=\frac{6}{64}, we must multiply by 6C1 or by 6 as tail can occur for any flip from 6, hence in 6 ways;

Probability of getting 6 tails: \frac{1}{2^6}=\frac{1}{64}

P=1-(\frac{1}{64}+\frac{6}{64}+\frac{1}{64})=\frac{56}{64}=\frac{7}{8}

Answer: C.

Please ask if any question remains.

For more on probability and combinatorics please refer to the link: GMAT MATH BOOK



Hi Bunuel,

I understand the numerator part.
2C6 + 3C6 + 4C6 + 5C6 = 56

but how to calculate denominator part. I mean how can i count total no of combinations. I am not getting 64 .
Like in normal cases if we calculate for 6 ball, we take 6! as total no of combinations.
Please help
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Re: A fair 2 sided coin is flipped 6 times. What is the [#permalink] New post 22 Sep 2014, 00:26
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Expert's post
him1985 wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
brentbrent wrote:
Hi all,
First post, I have to say is this site is an amazing resource. Thanks to everyone who contributes!

Question:
A fair 2 sided coin is flipped 6 times. What is the probability that tails will be the result at least twice, but not more than 5 times?

a) 5/8
b) 3/4
c) 7/8
d) 57/64
e) 15/16

[Reveal] Spoiler:
c

I understand how to get the denominator just fine, but I am missing something on the numerator. I read the answer, but something just isn't clicking.

Thanks!


Welcome to Gmat Club forum.

It would be easier to calculate the probability of opposite event and subtract it from 1.
Opposite event: 0 tail, 1 tail, 6 tails.

Probability of getting no tails: \frac{1}{2^6}=\frac{1}{64};

Probability of getting 1 tail: 6C1*\frac{1}{2^6}=\frac{6}{64}, we must multiply by 6C1 or by 6 as tail can occur for any flip from 6, hence in 6 ways;

Probability of getting 6 tails: \frac{1}{2^6}=\frac{1}{64}

P=1-(\frac{1}{64}+\frac{6}{64}+\frac{1}{64})=\frac{56}{64}=\frac{7}{8}

Answer: C.

Please ask if any question remains.

For more on probability and combinatorics please refer to the link: GMAT MATH BOOK



Hi Bunuel,

I understand the numerator part.
2C6 + 3C6 + 4C6 + 5C6 = 56

but how to calculate denominator part. I mean how can i count total no of combinations. I am not getting 64 .
Like in normal cases if we calculate for 6 ball, we take 6! as total no of combinations.
Please help


Each coin can land on heads or tails, so 2 ways. We have 6 coins, so total number of outcomes is 2*2*2*2*2*2 = 2^6.
_________________

NEW TO MATH FORUM? PLEASE READ THIS: ALL YOU NEED FOR QUANT!!!

PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 11 Rules for Posting!!!

RESOURCES: [GMAT MATH BOOK]; 1. Triangles; 2. Polygons; 3. Coordinate Geometry; 4. Factorials; 5. Circles; 6. Number Theory; 7. Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets; 9. PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders; 11. GMAT Prep Software Analysis NEW!!!; 12. SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) NEW!!!; 12. Tricky questions from previous years. NEW!!!;

COLLECTION OF QUESTIONS:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS ; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


What are GMAT Club Tests?
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Re: A fair 2 sided coin is flipped 6 times. What is the   [#permalink] 22 Sep 2014, 00:26
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