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A fence consists of m lengths of fence that are each n feet [#permalink]
09 Dec 2012, 10:53
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This post was BOOKMARKED
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Difficulty:
45% (medium)
Question Stats:
55% (02:38) correct
45% (01:15) wrong based on 82 sessions
A fence consists of m lengths of fence that are each n feet long. A fence post separates each length of fence by its width of x feet. What is the total length of the fence including the fence posts on each end?
A. mn B. m(n + x) C. m(n + x) + x D. m(n + x) + 2x E. 2mn
Re: A fence consists of m lengths of fence that are each n feet [#permalink]
09 Dec 2012, 23:44
Expert's post
akshayb2 wrote:
A fence consists of m lengths of fence that are each n feet long. A fence post separates each length of fence by its width of x feet. What is the total length of the fence including the fence posts on each end?
A. mn B. m(n + x) C. m(n + x) + x D. m(n + x) + 2x E. 2mn
Notice that since a fence post separates each length of fence, then there will be m+1 posts, for example if there are m=2 fences, then there will be 3 posts: PFPFP. Thus the total length of the posts is (m+1)x.
The total length of the fence is mn, therefore the total length of the fence including the fence posts on each end is (m+1)x+mn=mx+x+mn=m(n+x)+x.
Re: A fence consists of m lengths of fence that are each n feet [#permalink]
11 Dec 2012, 11:37
Bunnuel I don't agree with you. For me if there are n = 2 fences, then according to the requirement of there being a post to seperate them, there ought to be n-1 post. So mn + (n-1)x But if the fence got to start and finish with a post, then yes you are right. But this is not what the stem says. I am getting things wrong? Please help. Brother Karamazov
Re: A fence consists of m lengths of fence that are each n feet [#permalink]
12 Dec 2012, 01:30
Expert's post
Ousmane wrote:
Bunnuel I don't agree with you. For me if there are n = 2 fences, then according to the requirement of there being a post to seperate them, there ought to be n-1 post. So mn + (n-1)x But if the fence got to start and finish with a post, then yes you are right. But this is not what the stem says. I am getting things wrong? Please help. Brother Karamazov
I think, this is exactly what the stem is saying: "A fence post separates each length of fence..." "What is the total length of the fence including the fence posts on each end". _________________
Re: A fence consists of m lengths of fence that are each n feet [#permalink]
14 Dec 2012, 01:55
1
This post received KUDOS
Bunuel wrote:
akshayb2 wrote:
A fence consists of m lengths of fence that are each n feet long. A fence post separates each length of fence by its width of x feet. What is the total length of the fence including the fence posts on each end?
A. mn B. m(n + x) C. m(n + x) + x D. m(n + x) + 2x E. 2mn
Notice that since a fence post separates each length of fence, then there will be n+1 posts, for example if there are n=2 fences, then there will be 3 posts: PFPFP. Thus the total length of the posts is (n+1)x.
The total length of the fence is mn, therefore the total length of the fence including the fence posts on each end is (n+1)x+mn=nx+x+mn=m(n+x)+x.
Answer: C.
Hope it's clear.
Hi, could you please recheck the highlighted portion. I think there is a mistake.
Re: A fence consists of m lengths of fence that are each n feet [#permalink]
14 Dec 2012, 02:02
Expert's post
mtripathy wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
akshayb2 wrote:
A fence consists of m lengths of fence that are each n feet long. A fence post separates each length of fence by its width of x feet. What is the total length of the fence including the fence posts on each end?
A. mn B. m(n + x) C. m(n + x) + x D. m(n + x) + 2x E. 2mn
Notice that since a fence post separates each length of fence, then there will be n+1 posts, for example if there are n=2 fences, then there will be 3 posts: PFPFP. Thus the total length of the posts is (n+1)x.
The total length of the fence is mn, therefore the total length of the fence including the fence posts on each end is (n+1)x+mn=nx+x+mn=m(n+x)+x.
Answer: C.
Hope it's clear.
Hi, could you please recheck the highlighted portion. I think there is a mistake.
Re: A fence consists of m lengths of fence that are each n feet [#permalink]
14 Dec 2012, 02:17
Ans:
the total length of fence without the posts would be mn, now if there are 2 fences there would be 3 posts because PFPFP, so total posts= (n+1). Length of posts=(n+1)x. Total length of fence= nx+x+mn, therefore the answer is (C). _________________
Re: A fence consists of m lengths of fence that are each n feet [#permalink]
16 Dec 2012, 23:15
Firstly the term just "fence" is not clear. Now a "fence" can be a closed fence or it can be an open fence. If this kind of wording was given then it would have been more clear because..
Things we know for sure 1. A "post" separates the "fence lengths" 2. m = #of fence lengths, 1lenght = n feet long, total length of the fence alone = mn 3. z = # of posts, length of 1 post = x feet long, total length of all the posts alone = zx 4. Total length of fence and posts = mn + zx
The crucial factor here is z. we have to determine what z is.
Now i stress more on the wording here in the question is because 1. Closed fence (the ends are joined) When a fence is closed then the #of posts = #of fence lengths. Diagram it, it looks something like PFPF m = z . Therefore Total = mn + mx
2. Open Fence (the ends are not joined) What if the Fence starts wit a post Case 1 - PFPFP here x = m + 1. Total length = mn + x(m + 1) Case 2 - PFPFPF here x = m, Total Length = mn + mx
What if The fence starts with a Fence length Case 1 - FPFPF here x = m -1, Total length = mn + (m-1)x Case 2 - FPFP here x = m, Total Lenght = mn + mx
We have here three different kinds of answers and all of them are correct. The question is not specific.
Re: A fence consists of m lengths of fence that are each n feet [#permalink]
09 Feb 2014, 01:22
Bunuel wrote:
akshayb2 wrote:
A fence consists of m lengths of fence that are each n feet long. A fence post separates each length of fence by its width of x feet. What is the total length of the fence including the fence posts on each end?
A. mn B. m(n + x) C. m(n + x) + x D. m(n + x) + 2x E. 2mn
Notice that since a fence post separates each length of fence, then there will be m+1 posts, for example if there are m=2 fences, then there will be 3 posts: PFPFP. Thus the total length of the posts is (m+1)x.
The total length of the fence is mn, therefore the total length of the fence including the fence posts on each end is (m+1)x+mn=mx+x+mn=m(n+x)+x.
Re: A fence consists of m lengths of fence that are each n feet [#permalink]
09 Feb 2014, 01:40
Expert's post
Qoofi wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
akshayb2 wrote:
A fence consists of m lengths of fence that are each n feet long. A fence post separates each length of fence by its width of x feet. What is the total length of the fence including the fence posts on each end?
A. mn B. m(n + x) C. m(n + x) + x D. m(n + x) + 2x E. 2mn
Notice that since a fence post separates each length of fence, then there will be m+1 posts, for example if there are m=2 fences, then there will be 3 posts: PFPFP. Thus the total length of the posts is (m+1)x.
The total length of the fence is mn, therefore the total length of the fence including the fence posts on each end is (m+1)x+mn=mx+x+mn=m(n+x)+x.
Can you make a pictorial representation of your explanation? I'm not able to get it. Apologies for the pain.
It's already given. If m=2 fences there will be 3 posts: {Post}{Fence}{Post}{Fence}{Post}. Each fence is n feet and each post is x feet. _________________
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