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A geometric sequence is a sequence in which each

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Re: A geometric sequence is a sequence in which each [#permalink] New post 23 Apr 2013, 21:04
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Question Stats:

56% (01:50) correct 44% (00:32) wrong based on 70 sessions
rakeshd347 wrote:
v, w, x, y, z
A geometric sequence is a sequence in which each term after
the first is equal to the product of the preceding term and a
constant. If the list of numbers shown above is an geometric
sequence, which of the following must also be a geometric
sequence?

I. 2v, 2w, 2x, 2y, 2z
II. v + 2, w + 2, x + 2, y + 2, z + 2
III.\sqrt{v}, \sqrt{w}, \sqrt{x},\sqrt{y}, \sqrt{z}

(A) I only
(B) II only
(C) III only
(D) I and II
(E) I and III

KUDOS please if you like my question.


We know that v,w,x,y,z are in GP. Thus, w/v = x/w = y/x = z/y = r(some constant, called the common ratio)

I. A multiplication by a constant (2) will not change the ratio, as evident.
III. The ratio for these terms will be another constant \sqrt{r}

E.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: A geometric sequence is a sequence in which each [#permalink] New post 23 Apr 2013, 22:21
Can be done quite easily if 4 nos are considered instead of the variables

For example

1, 2, 4, 8

I multiply 2 : 2, 4, 8, 16 ; they are still in GP
II Add 2: 3, 4, 6, 10 ; not in GP
III Square root : 1, \sqrt{2}, 2, 2\sqrt{2} ; still in GP

So clearly I and III i.e E is the correct answer
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Re: A geometric sequence is a sequence in which each [#permalink] New post 25 Apr 2013, 02:56
Expert's post
rakeshd347 wrote:
v, w, x, y, z

A geometric sequence is a sequence in which each term after the …first is equal to the product of the preceding term and a constant. If the list of numbers shown above is an geometric sequence, which of the following must also be a geometric sequence?

I. 2v, 2w, 2x, 2y, 2z
II. v + 2, w + 2, x + 2, y + 2, z + 2
III. \sqrt{v}, \sqrt{w}, \sqrt{x}, \sqrt{y}, \sqrt{z}

(A) I only
(B) II only
(C) III only
(D) I and II
(E) I and III


Similar question from OG13:
Quote:
p, r, s, t, u

An arithmetic sequence is a sequence in which each term after the first term is equal to the sum of the preceding term and a constant. If the list of numbers shown above is an arithmetic sequence, which of the following must also be an arithmetic sequence?

I. 2p, 2r, 2s, 2t, 2u
II. p-3, r-3, s-3, t-3, u-3
III. p^2, r^2, s^2, t^2, u^2

(A) I only
(B) II only
(C) III only
(D) I and II
(E) II and III


Discussed here: an-arithmetic-sequence-is-a-sequence-in-which-each-term-59035.html
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Re: A geometric sequence is a sequence in which each   [#permalink] 25 Apr 2013, 02:56
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