A greater number of newspapers are sold in Town S than in : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# A greater number of newspapers are sold in Town S than in

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Director
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A greater number of newspapers are sold in Town S than in [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2005, 23:07
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A greater number of newspapers are sold in Town S than in Town T. Therefore, the citizens of Town S are
better informed about major world events than are the citizens of Town T.
Each of the following, if true, weakens the conclusion above EXCEPT:
(A) Town S has a larger population than Town T.
(B) Most citizens of Town T work in Town S and buy their newspapers there.
(C) The average citizen of Town S spends less time reading newspapers than does the average citizen of
Town T.
(D) A weekly newspaper restricted to the coverage of local events is published in Town S.
(E) The average newsstand price of newspapers sold in Town S in lower than the average price of
newspapers sold in Town T.

OA is E...Explanations please....
If you have any questions
you can ask an expert
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Re: OG - CR 67 [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2005, 23:52
Vithal wrote:
A greater number of newspapers are sold in Town S than in Town T. Therefore, the citizens of Town S are
better informed about major world events than are the citizens of Town T.
Each of the following, if true, weakens the conclusion above EXCEPT:
(A) Town S has a larger population than Town T.
(B) Most citizens of Town T work in Town S and buy their newspapers there.
(C) The average citizen of Town S spends less time reading newspapers than does the average citizen of
Town T.
(D) A weekly newspaper restricted to the coverage of local events is published in Town S.
(E) The average newsstand price of newspapers sold in Town S in lower than the average price of
newspapers sold in Town T.

OA is E...Explanations please....

ask for weakening the conclusion, we must know what's the conclusion.

Conclusion:
Town S are better informed about major world events than are the citizens of Town T.

Background: A greater number of newspapers are sold in Town S than in Town T

The right answer must provide an explanation for the content and weaken at the same time.

(A) Town S has a larger population than Town T.
right, it proves S is not necessarily better informed because of its large population.

(B) Most citizens of Town T work in Town S and buy their newspapers there.
right, it proves S outsold T and proves S is not necessarily better informed.

(C) The average citizen of Town S spends less time reading newspapers than does the average citizen of Town T.
right, it proves S is not necessarily better informed because of the less time spent on reading.

(D) A weekly newspaper restricted to the coverage of local events is published in Town S.

right, it proves S is not necessarily better informed of world events because of merely local events published.

(E) The average newsstand price of newspapers sold in Town S in lower than the average price of newspapers sold in Town T.

Caution: although the lower price might mean that S outsell T, it cannot suggest S is better informed. Unless we must assume, more pepole in S will buy newspaper than people in T, and people in S will spend more time on reading.
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Re: OG - CR 67 [#permalink]

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06 Mar 2005, 00:06
chunjuwu wrote:
Vithal wrote:
A greater number of newspapers are sold in Town S than in Town T. Therefore, the citizens of Town S are
better informed about major world events than are the citizens of Town T.
Each of the following, if true, weakens the conclusion above EXCEPT:
(A) Town S has a larger population than Town T.
(B) Most citizens of Town T work in Town S and buy their newspapers there.
(C) The average citizen of Town S spends less time reading newspapers than does the average citizen of
Town T.
(D) A weekly newspaper restricted to the coverage of local events is published in Town S.
(E) The average newsstand price of newspapers sold in Town S in lower than the average price of
newspapers sold in Town T.

OA is E...Explanations please....

ask for weakening the conclusion, we must know what's the conclusion.

Conclusion:
Town S are better informed about major world events than are the citizens of Town T.

Background: A greater number of newspapers are sold in Town S than in Town T

The right answer must provide an explanation for the content and weaken at the same time.

(A) Town S has a larger population than Town T.
right, it proves S is not necessarily better informed because of its large population.

(B) Most citizens of Town T work in Town S and buy their newspapers there.
right, it proves S outsold T and proves S is not necessarily better informed.

(C) The average citizen of Town S spends less time reading newspapers than does the average citizen of Town T.
right, it proves S is not necessarily better informed because of the less time spent on reading.

(D) A weekly newspaper restricted to the coverage of local events is published in Town S.

right, it proves S is not necessarily better informed of world events because of merely local events published.

(E) The average newsstand price of newspapers sold in Town S in lower than the average price of newspapers sold in Town T.

Caution: although the lower price might mean that S outsell T, it cannot suggest S is better informed. Unless we must assume, more pepole in S will buy newspaper than people in T, and people in S will spend more time on reading.

so, as per your caution, how can we assume that people in S are better informed? E just says that the average price is low!!
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Re: OG - CR 67 [#permalink]

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06 Mar 2005, 14:52
Vithal wrote:
chunjuwu wrote:
Vithal wrote:
A greater number of newspapers are sold in Town S than in Town T. Therefore, the citizens of Town S are
better informed about major world events than are the citizens of Town T.
Each of the following, if true, weakens the conclusion above EXCEPT:
(A) Town S has a larger population than Town T.
(B) Most citizens of Town T work in Town S and buy their newspapers there.
(C) The average citizen of Town S spends less time reading newspapers than does the average citizen of
Town T.
(D) A weekly newspaper restricted to the coverage of local events is published in Town S.
(E) The average newsstand price of newspapers sold in Town S in lower than the average price of
newspapers sold in Town T.

OA is E...Explanations please....

ask for weakening the conclusion, we must know what's the conclusion.

Conclusion:
Town S are better informed about major world events than are the citizens of Town T.

Background: A greater number of newspapers are sold in Town S than in Town T

The right answer must provide an explanation for the content and weaken at the same time.

(A) Town S has a larger population than Town T.
right, it proves S is not necessarily better informed because of its large population.

(B) Most citizens of Town T work in Town S and buy their newspapers there.
right, it proves S outsold T and proves S is not necessarily better informed.

(C) The average citizen of Town S spends less time reading newspapers than does the average citizen of Town T.
right, it proves S is not necessarily better informed because of the less time spent on reading.

(D) A weekly newspaper restricted to the coverage of local events is published in Town S.

right, it proves S is not necessarily better informed of world events because of merely local events published.

(E) The average newsstand price of newspapers sold in Town S in lower than the average price of newspapers sold in Town T.

Caution: although the lower price might mean that S outsell T, it cannot suggest S is better informed. Unless we must assume, more pepole in S will buy newspaper than people in T, and people in S will spend more time on reading.

so, as per your caution, how can we assume that people in S are better informed? E just says that the average price is low!!

that is not the question. we only have to find a statement that doesnt weaken the argument. we can infer that the people in S are better informed because the price is lower, but thats not the task. E) can be neutral as well.
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06 Mar 2005, 15:01
christoph:-
(1) How can we infer that people in the town are better informed because the price is lower?
(2) I understand that E be neutral - out of the five options, 4 need to weaken the conclusion that "People in S are better informed" and one needs to either be neutral or strengthen the this conclusion

My question is how do you decide between A and E?

In a kind of convoluted way, I can reason out that, the fact that prices are lower means that people are better informed about the actual cost of the paper...but this doesn't explain how could they be better informed about major world events.
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06 Mar 2005, 19:41
Vithal wrote:
christoph:-
(1) How can we infer that people in the town are better informed because the price is lower?
(2) I understand that E be neutral - out of the five options, 4 need to weaken the conclusion that "People in S are better informed" and one needs to either be neutral or strengthen the this conclusion

My question is how do you decide between A and E?

In a kind of convoluted way, I can reason out that, the fact that prices are lower means that people are better informed about the actual cost of the paper...but this doesn't explain how could they be better informed about major world events.

the fact that prices are lower means that people are better informed about the actual cost of the paper

Why? I think it needs more ouside assumption to attain this.
That's exactly the key point.
Besides, I think you misunderstood the question

The question asks EXCEPT.
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06 Mar 2005, 19:56
We're asked which one strengthen the conclusion.

(A) Town S has a larger population than Town T.
- Doesn't strengten. No important information given.

(B) Most citizens of Town T work in Town S and buy their newspapers there.
- Doesn't strenthen.

(C) The average citizen of Town S spends less time reading newspapers than does the average citizen of
Town T.
- Weakens the conclusion.

(D) A weekly newspaper restricted to the coverage of local events is published in Town S.
- weakens the conclusion.

(E) The average newsstand price of newspapers sold in Town S in lower than the average price of newspapers sold in Town T.
- If price is cheaper, then people in S will be more inclined to buy it. We can assume they read the newspaper they bought, as that can be inferred from the stimulus.
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06 Mar 2005, 21:35
chunjuwu wrote:
Vithal wrote:
christoph:-
(1) How can we infer that people in the town are better informed because the price is lower?
(2) I understand that E be neutral - out of the five options, 4 need to weaken the conclusion that "People in S are better informed" and one needs to either be neutral or strengthen the this conclusion

My question is how do you decide between A and E?

In a kind of convoluted way, I can reason out that, the fact that prices are lower means that people are better informed about the actual cost of the paper...but this doesn't explain how could they be better informed about major world events.

the fact that prices are lower means that people are better informed about the actual cost of the paper

Why? I think it needs more ouside assumption to attain this.
That's exactly the key point.
Besides, I think you misunderstood the question

The question asks EXCEPT.

I am sorry to not let this go...

but as you stated earlier..."The right answer must provide an explanation for the content and weaken at the same time. "

the questions is to determine an option which does not weaken (all the below weaken EXCEPT => the option we choose should not weaken the conclusion....it should either strengthen or atleast remain neutral)
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Re: OG - CR 67 [#permalink]

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07 Mar 2005, 11:07
Not weakening is not exactly the same as strengthening. It doesn't have to support the argument, as long as it doesn't undermine it. For example, if the argument is "Birds are white." And one of the choice is "This bear is black." It doesn't support the argument, but it doesn't weaken it either.

The question stem:
Fact: More copies of newspapers are sold in S than in T.
Conclusion: Citizens in S are better informed.

(A) Town S has a larger population than Town T.
Average number of newspaper per person may not be greater in S, therefore S may not be better informed. Weaken.

(B) Most citizens of Town T work in Town S and buy their newspapers there.
A portion of newspaper sold in S is bought by citizens of T. The number sold in S is greater doesn't necessarily mean the number of newspaper read by people in S is greater, therefore S is not necessarily better informed. Weaken.

(C) The average citizen of Town S spends less time reading newspapers than does the average citizen of Town T.
Greater number of newspaper per person in S doesn't necessarily mean greater newspaper reading time in S, if people spend less time reading the papers, therefore they may not be better informed. Weaken.

(D) A weekly newspaper restricted to the coverage of local events is published in Town S.
The greater number of papers may be due to the local newspaper, which do not make S better informed about world events. Weaken.

(E) The average newsstand price of newspapers sold in Town S in lower than the average price of newspapers sold in Town T.
Provides a possible explanation why there are more paper sold in S than T. Do not refute the possibility that S reads more paper and are better informed. Correct.
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07 Mar 2005, 11:33
E.
E is the only one which is not talking about the conclusion which is "well read"
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Re: OG - CR 67 [#permalink]

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23 Jul 2005, 19:55
Vithal wrote:
A greater number of newspapers are sold in Town S than in Town T. Therefore, the citizens of Town S are
better informed about major world events than are the citizens of Town T.
Each of the following, if true, weakens the conclusion above EXCEPT:
(A) Town S has a larger population than Town T.
(B) Most citizens of Town T work in Town S and buy their newspapers there.
(C) The average citizen of Town S spends less time reading newspapers than does the average citizen of
Town T.
(D) A weekly newspaper restricted to the coverage of local events is published in Town S.
(E) The average newsstand price of newspapers sold in Town S in lower than the average price of
newspapers sold in Town T.

OA is E...Explanations please....

I know the discussion in this thread is long been over. However, I would like to add my two cents worth so that anyone who is searching for this question might find it helpful.

Choice A tells that Town S has a larger population than Town T. The passage tells that a greater number of newspapers are sold in Town S than in Town T. Together, these statements could imply that the ratio of number of newspapers sold in Towns S to the number of people is same to the ratio of number of newspapers sold in Town T to the number of people. Therefore, choice A weakens the conclusion by implying that both citizens of Town S and citizens of Town T are equally informed about world events.

Scenario 1:
The package industries in Town S found that buying inexpensive newspapers to use as fillers in packing boxes would be more economical than investing in traditional fillers such as air-filled packets or foam. This gives a reason why a greater number of newspapers are sold in Town S. Clearly, this reasoning weakens the conclusion that people in Town S are better informed. However, for this reasoning to work, we must assume that package industries, not the general public, are making use of the low newsstand price.

Scenario 2:
If the price of newspaper is cheap in Town S, then people in Town S will be more inclined to buy it. The more the people buy newspaper, the more they are informed. Thus, this choice strengthens the conclusion that people in Town S are better informed than those in Town T. However, in order to make this reasoning to be valid, we must assume that all those who purchase the newspaper are, in fact, reading them to a level such that their grasp of world events exceeds that of people in Town T. But, it is possible that people in Town S spend less time in reading and hence obtain very little information about world events. Choice C outrightly points out this logic. Consequently, choice E cannot strengthen the conclusion without having additional information on its side.

[b]In summary, to make any one of the scenarios to be true (scenario 1: weakens conclusion; scenario 2: supports the conclusion), we must bring external informationâ€”in other words â€œassumptionâ€
Re: OG - CR 67   [#permalink] 23 Jul 2005, 19:55
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