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A group of four women and three men have tickets for seven a [#permalink]
30 Dec 2009, 20:43

2

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3

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00:00

A

B

C

D

E

Difficulty:

55% (hard)

Question Stats:

59% (01:00) correct
41% (01:25) wrong based on 268 sessions

A group of four women and three men have tickets for seven adjacent seats in one row of a theatre. If the three men will not sit in three adjacent seats, how many possible different seating arrangements are there for these 7 theatre-goers?

Re: Combinations Problem -- Arrangement of Seats [#permalink]
30 Dec 2009, 23:31

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IMO C

7 people can be seated in 7! ways

take 3 men as one unit ----> tot 5 people can be seated in 5 ways *(no. of ways in which 4 women can be seated amng themselves ) * ( no. of ways in which 3 men cen be seated amng themselves)=5*4!*3!=5!*3!

tot no. of ways in which 3 men are not seated in adjacent seats=tot arrangements - 5!*3!=7!-5!*3! _________________

GMAT is not a game for losers , and the moment u decide to appear for it u are no more a loser........ITS A BRAIN GAME

Re: Combinations Problem -- Arrangement of Seats [#permalink]
31 Dec 2009, 02:35

xcusemeplz2009 wrote:

IMO C

7 people can be seated in 7! ways

take 3 men as one unit ----> tot 5 people can be seated in 5 ways *(no. of ways in which 4 women can be seated amng themselves ) * ( no. of ways in which 3 men cen be seated amng themselves)=5*4!*3!=5!*3!

tot no. of ways in which 3 men are not seated in adjacent seats=tot arrangements - 5!*3!=7!-5!*3!

I understand having 7! total arrangements and subtracting out 4!3!, but why do why multiply this term we subtract out, 4!3! by 5? Is it because there are 5 situations where 3 men are next to each other (see below)?

Re: Combinations Problem -- Arrangement of Seats [#permalink]
31 Dec 2009, 18:53

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Expert's post

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A group of four women and three men have tickets for seven adjacent seats in one row of a theatre. If the three men will not sit in three adjacent seats, how many possible different seating arrangements are there for these 7 theatre-goers?

There are 3 men and 4 women, we want to calculate the seating arrangements if three men do not sit together, like MMM.

Let's calculate the # of arrangements when they SIT together and subtract from total # of arrangements of these 7 persons without restriction. Thus we'll get the # of arrangements asked in the question.

1. Total # of arrangements of 7 is 7!.

2. # of arrangements when 3 men are seated together, like MMM;

Among themselves these 3 men can sit in 3! # of ways, Now consider these 3 men as one unit like this {MMM}. We'll have total of 5 units: {MMM}{W}{W}{W}{W}. The # of arrangements of these 5 units is 5!.

Hence total # of arrangements when 3 men sit together is: 3!5!.

# of arrangements when 3 men do not sit together would be: 7!-3!5!.

Re: Combinations Problem -- Arrangement of Seats [#permalink]
01 Jan 2010, 09:07

C is the answer!

Total arrangments posb = 7!

Treat 3 Men as a single unit. Hence Men + 4 women can be arranged in 5 ways. 3 Men within the single unit can be arranged in 3! ways 4 women can be arranged in 4! ways.

Therefore no of posb when 3 men sit adjacent to each other (as a single unit) = 5x3!x4! = 5! x 3!

Hence no of posb when 3 men dont sit together = 7! - 5! x 3!

Cheers! JT _________________

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Re: A group of four women and three men have tickets for seven a [#permalink]
21 Sep 2013, 11:40

Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot!

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Re: Combinations Problem -- Arrangement of Seats [#permalink]
21 Sep 2013, 11:46

1

This post received KUDOS

Bunuel wrote:

A group of four women and three men have tickets for seven adjacent seats in one row of a theatre. If the three men will not sit in three adjacent seats, how many possible different seating arrangements are there for these 7 theatre-goers?

There are 3 men and 4 women, we want to calculate the seating arrangements if three men do not sit together, like MMM.

Let's calculate the # of arrangements when they SIT together and subtract from total # of arrangements of these 7 persons without restriction. Thus we'll get the # of arrangements asked in the question.

1. Total # of arrangements of 7 is 7!.

2. # of arrangements when 3 men are seated together, like MMM;

Among themselves these 3 men can sit in 3! # of ways, Now consider these 3 men as one unit like this {MMM}. We'll have total of 5 units: {MMM}{W}{W}{W}{W}. The # of arrangements of these 5 units is 5!.

Hence total # of arrangements when 3 men sit together is: 3!5!.

# of arrangements when 3 men do not sit together would be: 7!-3!5!.

Answer: C.

Hope it's clear.

Just wanted to share this little thing Bunuel.

You tend to write "Hope it's clear." after every solution, but there "never is" a chance that you have explained something and it isn't clear. Unlimited Kudos to you, and RESPECT! _________________

Re: A group of four women and three men have tickets for seven a [#permalink]
29 Dec 2013, 16:18

R2I4D wrote:

A group of four women and three men have tickets for seven adjacent seats in one row of a theatre. If the three men will not sit in three adjacent seats, how many possible different seating arrangements are there for these 7 theatre-goers?

Re: Combinations Problem -- Arrangement of Seats [#permalink]
11 Jun 2014, 20:52

Bunuel wrote:

A group of four women and three men have tickets for seven adjacent seats in one row of a theatre. If the three men will not sit in three adjacent seats, how many possible different seating arrangements are there for these 7 theatre-goers?

There are 3 men and 4 women, we want to calculate the seating arrangements if three men do not sit together, like MMM.

Let's calculate the # of arrangements when they SIT together and subtract from total # of arrangements of these 7 persons without restriction. Thus we'll get the # of arrangements asked in the question.

1. Total # of arrangements of 7 is 7!.

2. # of arrangements when 3 men are seated together, like MMM;

Among themselves these 3 men can sit in 3! # of ways, Now consider these 3 men as one unit like this {MMM}. We'll have total of 5 units: {MMM}{W}{W}{W}{W}. The # of arrangements of these 5 units is 5!.

Hence total # of arrangements when 3 men sit together is: 3!5!.

# of arrangements when 3 men do not sit together would be: 7!-3!5!.

Answer: C.

Hope it's clear.

A silly doubt that have cropped up all of a sudden

Bunuel, I've a doubt. Why are we not dividing 5! by 4! as there are 4 of the same type in the group. I know I'm wrong. Kindly help me where

Re: Combinations Problem -- Arrangement of Seats [#permalink]
12 Jun 2014, 03:53

Expert's post

sgangs wrote:

Bunuel wrote:

A group of four women and three men have tickets for seven adjacent seats in one row of a theatre. If the three men will not sit in three adjacent seats, how many possible different seating arrangements are there for these 7 theatre-goers?

There are 3 men and 4 women, we want to calculate the seating arrangements if three men do not sit together, like MMM.

Let's calculate the # of arrangements when they SIT together and subtract from total # of arrangements of these 7 persons without restriction. Thus we'll get the # of arrangements asked in the question.

1. Total # of arrangements of 7 is 7!.

2. # of arrangements when 3 men are seated together, like MMM;

Among themselves these 3 men can sit in 3! # of ways, Now consider these 3 men as one unit like this {MMM}. We'll have total of 5 units: {MMM}{W}{W}{W}{W}. The # of arrangements of these 5 units is 5!.

Hence total # of arrangements when 3 men sit together is: 3!5!.

# of arrangements when 3 men do not sit together would be: 7!-3!5!.

Answer: C.

Hope it's clear.

A silly doubt that have cropped up all of a sudden

Bunuel, I've a doubt. Why are we not dividing 5! by 4! as there are 4 of the same type in the group. I know I'm wrong. Kindly help me where

All men and women are different, so no need for factorial correction there. For example, arrangement {Bill, Bob, Ben} {Ann}, {Beth}, {Carol}, {Diana} is different from {Bill, Bob, Ben}, {Beth}, {Carol}, {Diana}, {Ann}.

Re: A group of four women and three men have tickets for seven a [#permalink]
28 Jul 2015, 19:16

Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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