MARKED A (2:19 minutes)
A group of scientists studying calcium metabolism in laboratory rats discovered that removing the rats’ parathyroid glands resulted in the rats’ having substantially lower than normal levels of calcium in their blood. This discovery led the scientists to hypothesize that the function of the parathyroid gland is to regulate the level of calcium in the blood by raising that level when it falls below the normal range. In a further experiment, the scientists removed not only the parathyroid gland but also the adrenal gland from rats. They made the surprising discovery that the level of calcium in the rats’ blood decreased much less sharply than when the parathyroid gland alone was removed.
Which one of the following, if true, explains the surprising discovery in a way most consistent with the scientists’ hypothesis?
(A) The adrenal gland acts to lower the level of calcium in the blood. (Logically stands. Let it be unless we have gone through the rest of them)
(B) The adrenal gland and the parathyroid gland play the same role in regulating calcium blood levels.(Cannot be possible as absence of PG leads to decrease in calcium levels and if both have same roles then absence of PG should lead to higher rate of decrease. )
(C) The absence of a parathyroid gland causes the adrenal gland to increase the level of calcium in the blood.(its a 180)
(D) If the adrenal gland, and no other gland, of a rat were removed, the rat’s calcium level would remain stable.(Out of scope may or may not be true.)
(E) The only function of the parathyroid gland is to regulate the level of calcium in the blood. (Very bold statement. 'Only' makes it a wrong option in the first look itself. Again its out of Bounds. )So its A.
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