A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some

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A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some [#permalink]

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02 Mar 2004, 08:46
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A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million years ago, the Quetzalcoatlus had a wingspan of 36 feet, believed to be the largest flying creature the world has ever seen.
(A) believed to be
(B) and that is believed to be
(C) and it is believed to have been
(D) which was, it is believed,
(E) which is believed to be
[Reveal] Spoiler:
The answer is C..When exactly to use Have been, Had been and had. can anybody point out the subtle differences..thankx....
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by doe007 on 03 May 2013, 05:53, edited 1 time in total.
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02 Mar 2004, 09:13
hi anand,

I am looking more towards the explaination for Have been and had been. When exactly to use them. I seem to have a problem picking the right tenses, especially when it comes to perfect tenses...Please can you point a reference or something like that...thankx..
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22 Jun 2004, 19:28
A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million years ago, the Quetzalcoatlus had a wingspan of 36 feet, believed to be the largest flying creature the world has ever seen.
(A) believed to be
(B) and that is believed to be
(C) and it is believed to have been
(D) which was, it is believed,
(E) which is believed to be

Last edited by Zarrolou on 03 May 2013, 03:51, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic
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23 Jun 2004, 04:06
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C it will be ...

the sentence uses '' the quetzalocatlus HAD a wingspan'' the use of ''HAD'' makes it past perfect and the sentence should be in perfect unision with the tense flow....

A) ''believed to be'' does not sound right and lacks a pronoun too

B) seems right but the use of ''that'' does not substitute for the right pronoun...

D) the use of ''which was'' tries to say ''the wingspan'' and not the Q.....s was the largets flying reptile or watever...

E) same confusion...

C) has ''it'' pronoun reference and also the use of ''have been'' suits for the use ''the world has seen '' both of which are in the past tense...

any other expalnation is welcome pls...

hope that helps!

Have fun
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23 Jun 2004, 04:29
Would like to go with (B) on this one (High chances that I am wrong!!! ) but looks like proper parallel structure and without any improper referent (as is present in choice (C), "it" has no clear referent I presume ---> "it" can refer to Quetzalcoatlus or to wings)

Correct me If I am wrong? (Definetly many try to do so!! )
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A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2004, 00:04
8. A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million years ago, the Quetzalcoatlus had a wingspan of 36 feet, believed to be the largest flying creature the world has ever seen.
(A) believed to be
(B) and that is believed to be
(C) and it is believed to have been
(D) which was, it is believed,
(E) which is believed to be
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01 Sep 2004, 00:14
(C). It properly modifies the flying creature (can't remember how to spell it ), and have been indicates that it was the biggest flying creature then and still is the biggest flying creature (although it is now extinct, no other flying creatures has surpassed it in size)
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With explanation plz 8. A huge flying reptile that died out [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2004, 07:50
With explanation plz
8. A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million years ago, the Quetzalcoatlus had a wingspan of 36 feet, believed to be the largest flying creature the world has ever seen.
(A) believed to be
(B) and that is believed to be
(C) and it is believed to have been
(D) which was, it is believed,
(E) which is believed to be
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14 Oct 2004, 18:11
saurya_s wrote:
With explanation plz
8. A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million years ago, the Quetzalcoatlus had a wingspan of 36 feet, believed to be the largest flying creature the world has ever seen.
(A) believed to be
(B) and that is believed to be
(C) and it is believed to have been
(D) which was, it is believed,
(E) which is believed to be

'believed to be' indicates that Quetzalcoatlus still exists, but the real meaning is that it is still considered a largest flying creature (present perfect).

C it is.
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Another one. ======================= A huge flying [#permalink]

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23 Nov 2004, 06:58
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Another one.
=======================

A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million years ago, the Quetzalcoatlus had a wingspan of 36 feet, believed to be the largest flying creature the world has ever seen.
(A) believed to be
(B) and that is believed to be
(C) and it is believed to have been
(D) which was, it is believed,
(E) which is believed to be
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23 Nov 2004, 07:21
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Agree with C as it is the only choice which introduces a personal pronoun to refer to the Quetzalcoatlus. A's participial phrase and B,D and E's relative pronoun improperly refers to "wingspan" and hence make the wrong comparison
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27 Nov 2004, 19:03
Can someone explain the difference between

believed to be v/s believed to have been
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A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some [#permalink]

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11 Jan 2005, 21:04
A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million years ago, the Quetzalcoatlus had a wingspan of 36 feet, believed to be the largest flying creature the world has ever seen.

(A) believed to be
(B) and that is believed to be
(C) and it is believed to have been
(D) which was, it is believed,
(E) which is believed to be
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11 Jan 2005, 21:17
I will go with C too. I was a little confused with what the believed to be was referring to. The conjunction and clears this up and C clearly is referring to the bird.
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12 Jan 2005, 07:53
vprabhala wrote:
One more for 'C' - need the present perfect tense

why c and not E>

It is not E because the modifying phrase, 'which is believed to be' modifies 'wingspan of 36ft'. But we are talking about the reptile as perhaps one of the largest, not the reptile's wingspan being on of the largest reptiles (faulty comparison). Hope my explanation is clear enough.

C for me also.
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12 Jan 2005, 09:12
But why not B.

is it because 'that' is trying to restrict the main clause ?

ofcourse the OA is C.

'and that is believed to be....' still refers to the wingspan. The 'that' references wingspan, which is still a case of faulty comparison.
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A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some [#permalink]

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21 Feb 2005, 18:34
A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million years ago, the Quetzalcoatlus had a wingspan of 36 feet, believed to be the largest flying creature the world has ever seen.
(A) believed to be
(B) and that is believed to be
(C) and it is believed to have been
(D) which was, it is believed,
(E) which is believed to be
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21 Feb 2005, 19:22
use of present have been is correct. The quetzalcoatlus was the largest flying creature, and still is the largest by today's standard.

it correctly refers to the quetzalcoatlus

(C) for me
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21 Feb 2005, 20:19
A) second part is a new clause - you need some connector in between

B) that does not point to anything clearly

C) OK

D) which is referring to 36 feet here

E) which is referring to 36 feet here

C it is
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22 Feb 2005, 12:40
C is the correct answer..."it" (personal pronoun) is more appropriate than "that" or "which" (relative pronouns) and "have been" is appropriate because in this case present perfect is appropriate because even though the action was in the past (believed), it affects the present (largest flying creature)....could be wrong with explanation..just bought the grammar book
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22 Feb 2005, 12:40

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