A land-use planning institute in the Great Plains cites : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# A land-use planning institute in the Great Plains cites

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A land-use planning institute in the Great Plains cites [#permalink]

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04 Jun 2008, 10:18
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A land-use planning institute in the Great Plains cites sharp declines in population and prosperity, marked by a 50-percent decrease in the population of some cities and by an equivalent decrease in the median income throughout the region, as major reasons to set aside the area they call the Plains Commons reserve.

(A) as major reasons to set aside the area they call
(B) that are the major reasons to set aside the area they call
(C) as the major reason to set aside the area it calls
(D) that is the major reason to set aside the area called
(E) as major reasons to set aside the area it calls
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Re: SC: Pronouns [#permalink]

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04 Jun 2008, 10:43
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lexis wrote:
A land-use planning institute in the Great Plains cites sharp declines in population and prosperity, marked by a 50-percent decrease in the population of some cities and by an equivalent decrease in the median income throughout the region, as major reasons to set aside the area they call the Plains Commons reserve.

(A) as major reasons to set aside the area they call
(B) that are the major reasons to set aside the area they call
(C) as the major reason to set aside the area it calls
(D) that is the major reason to set aside the area called
(E) as major reasons to set aside the area it calls

A,B,E -- because there is only one reason -- "sharp declines in population and prosperity" -- is the reason.

Drilled down to C and D
C looks better.
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Re: SC: Pronouns [#permalink]

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04 Jun 2008, 10:55
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E.

Reasons should be plural, b'coz there r 2 reasons given
and the pronoun reference should be 'it'..not they
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Re: SC: Pronouns [#permalink]

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04 Jun 2008, 12:14
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Interesting SC . Confused between C & E . Will pick C .

"Sharp declines" is one reason .
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Re: SC: Pronouns [#permalink]

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04 Jun 2008, 13:05
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E

Population and prosperity - plural?
Institute - singular
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Re: SC: Pronouns [#permalink]

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04 Jun 2008, 13:12
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Pronoun issue: A land-use planning institute is singular and requires singular pronoun.
Eliminate A and B

(A) as major reasons to set aside the area they call
(B) that are the major reasons to set aside the area they call
(C) as the major reason to set aside the area it calls [“As” subordinates a clause – “the major reason to set aside the area it calls the Plains Commons reserve” – hold it]
(D) that is the major reason to set aside the area called [ “that” modifies population and prosperity and so requires plural “are” – eliminate it]
(E) as major reasons to set aside the area it calls [ A clause cannot have two verbs - require “reason” as noun form not verb – eliminate it]

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Re: SC: Pronouns [#permalink]

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04 Jun 2008, 13:35
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Are you sure there is 'delines' in the original question not 'decline'.
I am saying this for two reasons:
1. If there is 'declines' then no question abt it there ought be 'reasons' ( mind you reason or reasons has nothing to do with population and prosperiety) So E seems fine but I agree with
hanumayamma that a clause can not have two verbs..so E has a problem.

2.English is not my native tounge but I can say that I have never heard the use of word 'declines'...it has always been 'decline'..

Anyway if I am forced to choose one, it will be C
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Re: SC: Pronouns [#permalink]

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04 Jun 2008, 14:34
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lexis wrote:
A land-use planning institute in the Great Plains cites sharp declines in population and prosperity, marked by a 50-percent decrease in the population of some cities and by an equivalent decrease in the median income throughout the region, as major reasons to set aside the area they call the Plains Commons reserve.

(A) as major reasons to set aside the area they call
(B) that are the major reasons to set aside the area they call
(C) as the major reason to set aside the area it calls
(D) that is the major reason to set aside the area called
(E) as major reasons to set aside the area it calls

E. Plural pronoun reference for plural noun.
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Re: SC: Pronouns [#permalink]

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04 Jun 2008, 14:47
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Literally sharp declines is plural, however, in this context its used as a singular whole.

C for me.

OA ?
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Re: SC: Pronouns [#permalink]

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04 Jun 2008, 22:17
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E for me.

A land-use planning institute in the Great Plains cites sharp declines in population and prosperity, marked by a 50-percent decrease in the population of some cities and by an equivalent decrease in the median income throughout the region, as major reasons to set aside the area it calls the Plains Commons reserve.

You can ignore the middle part and answer this question.
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Re: SC: Pronouns [#permalink]

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04 Jun 2008, 10:56
C

1. 'they' incorrectly refers to singular 'institute'. C,D,E remain
2. D changes the meaning of the sentence. in A 'as major reasons to set aside the area...' implies that this recommendation is made by the institution, but in D 'that is the major reason to set aside the area' may imply author's recommendation....
3. C vs E - one reason vs. two reasons. I don't know a rule but one reason is better for me.
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Re: SC: Pronouns [#permalink]

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04 Jun 2008, 18:30
After thinking of dilemma between C and E, I change my final choice to E. I think C changes the meaning of the sentence.

can 'decline in population' be a reason along?

The original sentence implies that each of the declines can be a reason along, but C says that only declines together can be a reason.
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Re: SC: Pronouns [#permalink]

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04 Jun 2008, 19:42
A land-use planning institute in the Great Plains cites sharp declines in population and prosperity, marked by a 50-percent decrease in the population of some cities and by an equivalent decrease in the median income throughout the region, as major reasons to set aside the area they call the Plains Commons reserve.

(A) as major reasons to set aside the area they call
(B) that are the major reasons to set aside the area they call
(C) as the major reason to set aside the area it calls
(D) that is the major reason to set aside the area called: D change the meaning of sentence.
(E) as major reasons to set aside the area it calls

OA is E.
THEY need to be replaced with IT. "declines in population and prosperity" shows that there is a plural noun, so REASONS is best.
CITES ... AS is idiom.
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Re: SC: Pronouns [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2008, 22:55
raconteur wrote:
E for me.

A land-use planning institute in the Great Plains cites sharp declines in population and prosperity, marked by a 50-percent decrease in the population of some cities and by an equivalent decrease in the median income throughout the region, as major reasons to set aside the area it calls the Plains Commons reserve.

You can ignore the middle part and answer this question.

Yes, this is the same strategy when I deal with ....,xxx,....
Re: SC: Pronouns   [#permalink] 05 Jun 2008, 22:55
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# A land-use planning institute in the Great Plains cites

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