Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

 It is currently 25 Aug 2016, 20:24

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The

 new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics
Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Intern
Joined: 23 Mar 2011
Posts: 12
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 6

A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The [#permalink]

### Show Tags

09 Dec 2012, 14:13
00:00

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

56% (01:50) correct 44% (00:29) wrong based on 29 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

11. A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn were published, reveals that Twain provided financial assistance to one of the first Black students at Yale Law School.
(A) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn were published,
(B) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year of publication as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn,
(C) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year that The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was published,
(D) Mark Twain wrote a letter in the same year as he published The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn that
(E) Mark Twain wrote a letter in the same year of publication as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn that

OA
[Reveal] Spoiler:
C
Magoosh GMAT Instructor
Joined: 28 Dec 2011
Posts: 3309
Followers: 1124

Kudos [?]: 4928 [0], given: 54

Re: Mark Twain [#permalink]

### Show Tags

09 Dec 2012, 15:28
GMATtaker777 wrote:
11. A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn were published, reveals that Twain provided financial assistance to one of the first Black students at Yale Law School.
(A) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn were published,
(B) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year of publication as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn,
(C) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year that The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was published,
(D) Mark Twain wrote a letter in the same year as he published The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn that
(E) Mark Twain wrote a letter in the same year of publication as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn that

I'm happy to help with this.

The first split --- how should the sentence begin? "A letter" vs. "Mark Twain"?
The structure "A letter by Mark Twain ..... reveals" is very clear and direct.
The structure "Mark Twain wrote a letter .... that reveals" is wordier and less efficient. Right away, we are not disposed toward (D) & (E). These two also completely flub the comparison, so they are out.

The other split revolves around how the comparison is constructed. (The GMAT loves comparisons!)
The phrasing in (A) ... in the same year as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn were published ... will sound colloquially correct --- this is what many folks would say in ordinary conversation -- but technically, it is 100% illogical. What follows the words "the same year as" should be a year. Here, we would have to say:
...in the same year as the year when The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn were published... (correct, but a little wordy)
...in the same year as that in which The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn were published... (correct in a way the GMAT would like)
Those are both correct, but (A) is wrong.

The comparison in (B) is completely ungrammatical and wrong.

Only (C) has a grammatically correct version of the comparison. Here, we have a subordinate clause modifying the word "year." This is a perfectly acceptable solution to the comparison, and arguably, the most concise way to express the idea. This is by far the best answer.

Does all this make sense?

Mike
_________________

Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep

Manager
Joined: 04 Oct 2011
Posts: 224
Location: India
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, International Business
GMAT 1: 440 Q33 V13
GMAT 2: 0 Q0 V0
GPA: 3
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 44 [0], given: 44

Re: Mark Twain [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 Dec 2012, 18:14
mikemcgarry wrote:
GMATtaker777 wrote:
11. A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn were published, reveals that Twain provided financial assistance to one of the first Black students at Yale Law School.
(A) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn were published,
(B) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year of publication as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn,
(C) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year that The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was published,
(D) Mark Twain wrote a letter in the same year as he published The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn that
(E) Mark Twain wrote a letter in the same year of publication as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn that

I'm happy to help with this.

The first split --- how should the sentence begin? "A letter" vs. "Mark Twain"?
The structure "A letter by Mark Twain ..... reveals" is very clear and direct.
The structure "Mark Twain wrote a letter .... that reveals" is wordier and less efficient. Right away, we are not disposed toward (D) & (E). These two also completely flub the comparison, so they are out.

The other split revolves around how the comparison is constructed. (The GMAT loves comparisons!)
The phrasing in (A) ... in the same year as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn were published ... will sound colloquially correct --- this is what many folks would say in ordinary conversation -- but technically, it is 100% illogical. What follows the words "the same year as" should be a year. Here, we would have to say:
...in the same year as the year when The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn were published... (correct, but a little wordy)
...in the same year as that in which The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn were published... (correct in a way the GMAT would like)
Those are both correct, but (A) is wrong.

The comparison in (B) is completely ungrammatical and wrong.

Only (C) has a grammatically correct version of the comparison. Here, we have a subordinate clause modifying the word "year." This is a perfectly acceptable solution to the comparison, and arguably, the most concise way to express the idea. This is by far the best answer.

Does all this make sense?

Mike

Hi Mike,

Doesn't this appear to be passive voice? " A letter by Mark Twain"
_________________

GMAT - Practice, Patience, Persistence
Kudos if u like

Magoosh GMAT Instructor
Joined: 28 Dec 2011
Posts: 3309
Followers: 1124

Kudos [?]: 4928 [1] , given: 54

Re: Mark Twain [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 Dec 2012, 19:33
1
KUDOS
Expert's post
shanmugamgsn wrote:
Hi Mike,
Doesn't this appear to be passive voice? " A letter by Mark Twain"

No. Passive voice is a quality of verbs, and there's no verb here.

If we wrote, "A letter was written by Mark Twain, and the letter said XYZ." ---- that passive construction is a horrible wordy monstrosity.
Consider the same information in active form:
"Mark Twain wrote a letter that said XYZ." --- much more direct, much more powerful.

The BIG idea, though, is you need a verb to have passive voice. The phrase "A letter by Mark Twain" has no verb, so by itself, it is not passive. In fact, there's no more concise way to express that information --- re-arranging it would introduce a verb where there is now no verb, and that would make it wordier.

Here'a blog on the passive voice:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/active-vs- ... -the-gmat/

Does all this make sense?

Mike
_________________

Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep

Manager
Joined: 31 May 2012
Posts: 164
Followers: 5

Kudos [?]: 119 [0], given: 69

Re: Mark Twain [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 Dec 2012, 20:38
I am convinced why other options are wrong. Can you please elaborate only the answer choice:
I require little explanation on the below lines.

Quote:
we have a subordinate clause modifying the word "year."

Simplifying the sentence "A letter written in the same year that X was published reveals". The part in bold part is a subject of the sentence- "A letter reveals..."

So, "written in the same year that The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was published " is modifier of "A letter by Mark Twain". Correct ?

Coming to my doubt, "Year that The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was published"

Is the usage of that correct ? As per me modifier should one that indicates the point of time. like "time when X was published"

As you said, I perfectly agree with below usages,
"in the same year as the year when X was published"
"in the same year as that in which X was published"
Magoosh GMAT Instructor
Joined: 28 Dec 2011
Posts: 3309
Followers: 1124

Kudos [?]: 4928 [1] , given: 54

Re: Mark Twain [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Dec 2012, 12:21
1
KUDOS
Expert's post
umeshpatil wrote:
I am convinced why other options are wrong. Can you please elaborate only the answer choice:
I require little explanation on the below lines.
Quote:
we have a subordinate clause modifying the word "year."

Simplifying the sentence "A letter written in the same year that X was published reveals". The part in bold part is a subject of the sentence- "A letter reveals..."

So, "written in the same year that The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was published " is modifier of "A letter by Mark Twain". Correct?

Coming to my doubt, "Year that The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was published" Is the usage of that correct ? As per me modifier should one that indicates the point of time. like "time when X was published"

Dear Umeshpatil,

Great questions. I'm happy to help.

Yes, the subject is "A letter", and yes, the clause "written in the same year that The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was published" is a long clause that modifies the subject.

As for the "that" clause ---
Whenever we use the word "same" --- the "same man", the "same book", the "same country" --- we have to specify --- the same as what? One way to do this is to with an "as" clause
I am reading the same book as the one he read in a single sitting last week.
Another perfectly correct way to express this is with a modifier clause that, by modifying the noun, identifies it. (This is called a restrictive clause, and must begin with the word "that" instead of the word "which" when modifying an object.)
I am reading the same book that he read in a single sitting last week.
I want to travel to the same country that just liberated Aung San Suu Kyi from house arrest.
I want to talk the same person who interviewed the politician yesterday.
He graduated from high school the same year that Nixon was elected President.

All of those are perfectly correct. This is the grammatical structure the clause is following --- " ... the same year that The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was published."

Does all this make sense?
Mike
_________________

Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep

Re: Mark Twain   [#permalink] 11 Dec 2012, 12:21
Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The 3 30 Mar 2007, 00:25
A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The 3 28 Feb 2007, 16:45
A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The 2 06 Nov 2006, 14:26
A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The 3 02 Nov 2006, 13:12
A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The 4 30 Sep 2006, 10:04
Display posts from previous: Sort by

# A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The

 new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics

 Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.