A low-pressure weather system is approaching Plainville; : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# A low-pressure weather system is approaching Plainville;

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A low-pressure weather system is approaching Plainville; [#permalink]

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25 Jan 2010, 09:18
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A low-pressure weather system is approaching Plainville; rainfall results from about 70 percent of such systems in the Plainville area. Moreover, the current season, spring, is the time of year in which thundershowers, which sometimes result from low-pressure systems, are most likely to occur in Plainville.
Knowing which one of the following, in addition to the information above, would be most useful for determining the probability that Plainville will have a thundershower soon?
(A) the percentage of thundershowers in Plainville that occur in the spring
(B) the percentage of spring rainfalls in Plainville that are thundershowers
(C) the percentage of thundershowers in Plainville that result from low-pressure systems
(D) whether low-pressure systems in other areas are associated with rainfall
(E) whether Plainville has more or fewer thundershowers each spring than do nearby towns

OA is
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b
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25 Jan 2010, 13:50
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The question asks what's the probability that a Plainville will have a thunder shower soon. You know that low-pressure weather system is approaching Plainville and rainfall results from about 70 percent of such systems in the Plainville area. You also know that it's spring time and thunderstorms are most likely to occur during spring. If you know the probability of thunderstorms during spring you and when a low front is moving towards it then the probability of thunder showers = .70*probability of thundershows during spring.
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25 Jan 2010, 16:07
Answer is B.

1. thundershowers are approaching
2. 70% of rainfall is because of low-pressure system
3. In spring there are thundershowers.

Combine 1,2 & 3 and you will reach the conclusion.
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Re: LSAT Test IV.....pl help [#permalink]

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13 Jan 2011, 06:37
Guys can someone explain why the answer is B and not C or A
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Re: LSAT Test IV.....pl help [#permalink]

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13 Jan 2011, 22:43
mundasingh123 wrote:
Guys can someone explain why the answer is B and not C or A

i can tell you why its not A, choice A is already repeated from the passage, so repeating what the passage already stated wouldn't be the most useful in this case...?
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Re: LSAT Test IV.....pl help [#permalink]

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13 Jan 2011, 22:49
gtr022001 wrote:
mundasingh123 wrote:
Guys can someone explain why the answer is B and not C or A
The stimulus just says "most likely to occur".It doesnt say anything about the percentage

i can tell you why its not A, choice A is already repeated from the passage, so repeating what the passage already stated wouldn't be the most useful in this case...?

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Re: A low-pressure weather system is approaching Plainville; [#permalink]

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05 Apr 2012, 02:51
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IMO B......

A is not good as we are not sure that low pressure helps thundershower or not?
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Re: A low-pressure weather system is approaching Plainville; [#permalink]

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05 Apr 2012, 16:07
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From the argument we know the following:

1) 70% of low-pressure systems (LPS) result in rain.
2) Thunderstorms sometimes result from LPS.
3) Spring is the most common time for thunderstorms.

We need an answer that will best help us determine whether this LPS will result in a thunderstorm.

The information we don't have is what percent of time that it is raining is it a thunderstorm. This piece of information will help us determine how likely it is for a thunderstorm appear. After all, if it is LPS with rain, but when it rains there is only a 1% chance that it will thunderstorm, this is very different than if there is a 90% of a thunderstorm every time it rains. (B) provides this information.

(A) wouldn't help us, because even if most thunderstorms occurred in Spring that wouldn't tell us how likely this system will bring a thunderstorm. Indeed all of the other seasons could not have any thunderstorms. If spring only has one thunderstorm per year (making it the season with the most thunderstorms) this is not going to tell us much.
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Re: A low-pressure weather system is approaching Plainville; [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2013, 06:13
Are we assuming that rainfall and thundershowers are the same ?
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Re: A low-pressure weather system is approaching Plainville; [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2013, 15:06
We are assuming thundershowers to be a type of rainfall.

roopika2990 wrote:
Are we assuming that rainfall and thundershowers are the same ?
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Re: A low-pressure weather system is approaching Plainville; [#permalink]

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05 Apr 2013, 04:56
roopika2990 wrote:
Are we assuming that rainfall and thundershowers are the same ?

This was my mistake as well. I thought that rainfalls are irrelevant, as thundershowers result from LPS.

Anyway, now I understand it.
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Re: A low-pressure weather system is approaching Plainville; [#permalink]

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06 Apr 2013, 06:05
A low-pressure weather system is approaching Plainville; rainfall results from about 70 percent of such systems in the Plainville area. Moreover, the current season, spring, is the time of year in which thundershowers, which sometimes result from low-pressure systems, are most likely to occur in Plainville.

Premises:
1) LPS is approaching
2) 70% of LPS results in rainfall
3) Thundershowers sometimes result from LPS
4) Thundershowers are most likely to occur in spring
5) This is spring season

To determine the probability of having a thundershower soon, we need to know either percentage of LPS results in thundershowers or percentage of spring rainfalls that are thundershowers (we already know that 70% of LPS results in rainfall).

This makes option B correct.
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Re: A low-pressure weather system is approaching Plainville; [#permalink]

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13 Jan 2015, 21:16
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Re: A low-pressure weather system is approaching Plainville;   [#permalink] 13 Jan 2015, 21:16
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