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A major network news organization experienced a drop in

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Re: A major network news organization experienced a drop in [#permalink] New post 13 Mar 2013, 20:28
Expert's post
DelSingh wrote:
If you were stuck between A vs D, here's my reasoning:

(D) This was not the first time that this network news organization has aired a controversial report on the economy that has inspired viewers to complain to the network.

You have to ask yourself: If they lost viewership before, why in the world would they put out a controversial report again. Even the if the report was put out with intent, you have to consider the question stem - it asks "which MOST strongly supports the network's position" answer choice A beats D.

(A) The other major network news organizations reported similar reductions in viewership during the same week. (correct)

This is much stronger than D because it shows that there was another reason as to why viewership dropped. There was an another occurrence.

Do realize though, if A wasn't an option D would be a good choice.


Actually, (D) shouldn't be considered at all. Let me discuss why.

Argument:
A network aired a controversial report.
It received many complaints about the report.
It experienced a drop in viewership in the following week.
The network maintains that negative reactions to the report had nothing to do with its loss of viewers.

We need to strengthen that the report had nothing to do with loss of viewers.

(D) This was not the first time that this network news organization has aired a controversial report on the economy that has inspired viewers to complain to the network.

So we know now that they have aired controversial reports before and got complaints. First of all, (D) doesn't tell us that there was no loss of viewers when they aired controversial reports in the past. If there was loss of viewers in the past too, then the network's claim is not strengthened - if anything, it is weakened a little. Even if there was no loss of viewers in the past, the network's claim still doesn't get strengthened much because perhaps this time, the report was way beyond the tolerance level of people - we don't know. Remember, past doesn't predict the future accurately and the future doesn't need to mirror the past. Hence, more often than not, past events will not provide much support to the future events. But we only have the past as reference to what will happen in the future so sometimes we base our hypothesis on the past.

On the other hand, option (A) gives an alternative reason for the drop - some outside factor which is responsible for the viewership drop of many channels. This strengthens the network's position that the report was not responsible for the drop.
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Re: A major network news organization experienced a drop in [#permalink] New post 31 Mar 2013, 00:10
My explanation to the causality is that:

Suppose we have the causal reasoning i.e. - X causes Y.

The option D is wrong because it only talks about X and not Y at all.

Any answer choice that talks only about X or Y and the premises are linked, then that answer choice cannot be the answer choice. It cannot affect the argument at all.
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Re: A major network news organization experienced a drop in [#permalink] New post 26 Dec 2013, 04:10
I have another view regarding choice B:

If those who registered complaints are regular viewers, loss in viewers might not be due to negative actions COZ regular viewers are those who won't easily quit viewing after some complaints.

Why am I wrong?
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Re: A major network news organization experienced a drop in [#permalink] New post 07 Jan 2014, 07:01
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This question is based on CAUSE and EFFECT relationship.

Here CAUSE-> Controversial Program and EFFECT-> Decrease in viewership.

In Answer option A, are we not trying to define a alternate cause, which is the reason for the effect(Decrease in viewership).

I mean we are providing an alternate/different cause for the effect, which we are not suppose to do for the strengthen questions.(We should eliminate any alternate causes for the stated effect for Strengthen Questions).

Could someone please explain on this line?
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Re: A major network news organization experienced a drop in [#permalink] New post 27 Apr 2014, 09:20
How can we tell that in A, the other networks did NOT air such controversial material? Is that not inferred? Meaning, if it was newsworthy information, wouldn't every network cover it?
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Re: A major network news organization experienced a drop in [#permalink] New post 27 Apr 2014, 20:21
Expert's post
russ9 wrote:
How can we tell that in A, the other networks did NOT air such controversial material? Is that not inferred? Meaning, if it was newsworthy information, wouldn't every network cover it?


It is not given that anyone other than this network aired a controversial report. Every network has its own team of reporters and hence its own report on the state of affairs. The report of this network was controversial and disliked - it doesn't mean everyone aired the same report.
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Re: A major network news organization experienced a drop in [#permalink] New post 07 May 2014, 04:27
Do we have a causal pattern here.
Please evaluate the approach.

Premises seem to suggest that because some negative reports were aired(cause) -----> this lead to ------> decrease in viewership(effect)
However, Conclusion explicitly rules out the possibility that the decrease in viewership was caused by controversial report.

To strengthen the conclusion, I would assume that the scenario was a co-incidence.
And the only option that meets this assumption is Option A.
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Re: A major network news organization experienced a drop in [#permalink] New post 07 May 2014, 19:26
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honey86 wrote:
Do we have a causal pattern here.
Please evaluate the approach.

Premises seem to suggest that because some negative reports were aired(cause) -----> this lead to ------> decrease in viewership(effect)
However, Conclusion explicitly rules out the possibility that the decrease in viewership was caused by controversial report.

To strengthen the conclusion, I would assume that the scenario was a co-incidence.
And the only option that meets this assumption is Option A.


Yes, your approach seems to be fine.
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A major network news organization experienced a drop in [#permalink] New post 20 Sep 2014, 20:45
This is a typical strengthen question.
The argument says X does NOT lead to Y.
So one option to strengthen it is to say NOT X lead to Y ---> OA does so
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Re: A major network news organization experienced a drop in [#permalink] New post 11 Oct 2014, 02:40
betterscore wrote:
A major network news organization experienced a drop in viewership in the week following the airing of a controversial report on the economy. The network
also received a very large number of complaints regarding the report. The network, however, maintains that negative reactions to the report had nothing to do with its loss of viewers.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the network's position?

(A) The other major network news organizations reported similar reductions in viewership during the same week.

(B) The viewers who registered complaints with the network were regular viewers of the news organization's programs.

(C) Major network news organizations publicly attribute drops in viewership to their own reports only when they receive complaints about those reports.

(D) This was not the first time that this network news organization has aired a controversial report on the economy that has inspired viewers to complain to the network.

(E) Most network news viewers rely on network news broadcasts as their primary source of information regarding the economy.



We need to strengthen the argument that the decrease in the viewership is not due to the negative reactions which are related to controversial report.

Option can provide an alternate cause or historical data supporting this fact.

Option C is against the argument.
Option D gives some historical data but does not provide enough data to draw a conclusion
Option E - I felt it is irrelevant
Option B - Viewers who registered the complaint are regular viewers -> states that the viewers complained but there is nothing stated about viewership.
Option A states that other news networks also faced reduction in viewership - I felt this is a shell game answer. Other channels had a drop in viewership we do not know the cause of that. May be they also telecasted a controversial report... and hence there is drop in viewership

I felt there was no clear answer to pick. I am struck between A & B.

Can someone help???

Thanks,
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Re: A major network news organization experienced a drop in [#permalink] New post 11 Oct 2014, 02:40
betterscore wrote:
A major network news organization experienced a drop in viewership in the week following the airing of a controversial report on the economy. The network
also received a very large number of complaints regarding the report. The network, however, maintains that negative reactions to the report had nothing to do with its loss of viewers.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the network's position?

(A) The other major network news organizations reported similar reductions in viewership during the same week.

(B) The viewers who registered complaints with the network were regular viewers of the news organization's programs.

(C) Major network news organizations publicly attribute drops in viewership to their own reports only when they receive complaints about those reports.

(D) This was not the first time that this network news organization has aired a controversial report on the economy that has inspired viewers to complain to the network.

(E) Most network news viewers rely on network news broadcasts as their primary source of information regarding the economy.



We need to strengthen the argument that the decrease in the viewership is not due to the negative reactions which are related to controversial report.

Option can provide an alternate cause or historical data supporting this fact.

Option C is against the argument.
Option D gives some historical data but does not provide enough data to draw a conclusion
Option E - I felt it is irrelevant
Option B - Viewers who registered the complaint are regular viewers -> states that the viewers complained but there is nothing stated about viewership.
Option A states that other news networks also faced reduction in viewership - I felt this is a shell game answer. Other channels had a drop in viewership we do not know the cause of that. May be they also telecasted a controversial report... and hence there is drop in viewership

I felt there was no clear answer to pick. I am struck between A & B.

Can someone help???

Thanks,
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A major network news organization experienced a drop in [#permalink] New post 12 Oct 2014, 19:30
Expert's post
gayam wrote:
betterscore wrote:
A major network news organization experienced a drop in viewership in the week following the airing of a controversial report on the economy. The network
also received a very large number of complaints regarding the report. The network, however, maintains that negative reactions to the report had nothing to do with its loss of viewers.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the network's position?

(A) The other major network news organizations reported similar reductions in viewership during the same week.

(B) The viewers who registered complaints with the network were regular viewers of the news organization's programs.

(C) Major network news organizations publicly attribute drops in viewership to their own reports only when they receive complaints about those reports.

(D) This was not the first time that this network news organization has aired a controversial report on the economy that has inspired viewers to complain to the network.

(E) Most network news viewers rely on network news broadcasts as their primary source of information regarding the economy.



We need to strengthen the argument that the decrease in the viewership is not due to the negative reactions which are related to controversial report.

Option can provide an alternate cause or historical data supporting this fact.

Option C is against the argument.
Option D gives some historical data but does not provide enough data to draw a conclusion
Option E - I felt it is irrelevant
Option B - Viewers who registered the complaint are regular viewers -> states that the viewers complained but there is nothing stated about viewership.
Option A states that other news networks also faced reduction in viewership - I felt this is a shell game answer. Other channels had a drop in viewership we do not know the cause of that. May be they also telecasted a controversial report... and hence there is drop in viewership

I felt there was no clear answer to pick. I am struck between A & B.

Can someone help???

Thanks,


Option (B) doesn't support the network's position at all. The option has no effect on the network's position. The network says that the report had nothing to do with the drop. We know that the network received many complaints. Option (B) tells us that regular viewers were the ones who complained. But did they stop viewing the channel, we don't know. Complaining and dropping out are two different activities and this option doesn't tell us whether they were linked in this case. But if regular viewers do drop out, it will affect the viewership of the channel. So the information given in (B) could be viewed to have a slight negative effect on the network's position. Another way of analyzing this could be that regular viewers will probably not drop out just because of one report. But then, it is possible that if the report was controversial, only regular viewers would complaint - the others would just not watch the channel again. In any case, we get almost no support for the network's position from this option.

Option (A) shows you that some outside factor is at play since many networks experienced a drop. Hence it strengthens the network's position that the report was not responsible. Note that we have to strengthen the position, not establish it beyond doubt.
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