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A man cycling along the road noticed that every 12 minutes

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Re: A man cycling along the road noticed that every 12 minutes [#permalink]

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16 Aug 2013, 02:10
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Re: A man cycling along the road noticed that every 12 minutes [#permalink]

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16 Aug 2013, 03:11
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:

Thanks Karishma. Your posts were always essential for me
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Re: A man cycling along the road noticed that every 12 minutes [#permalink]

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16 Aug 2013, 10:08
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:

Nice post, thanks! I suppose you wouldn't have a post breaking down this: on-a-partly-cloudy-day-derek-decides-to-walk-back-from-work-147050.html#p1257285

monster, would you?
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Re: A man cycling along the road noticed that every 12 minutes [#permalink]

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16 Aug 2013, 19:11
1. If the distance between two points is d and two objects are moving with speed s1 and s2 and we are given d/(s1+s2) and d/(s2-s1), the harmonic mean gives d/s2 i.e., harmonic mean is 2 / ((s1+s2)/d +(s2-s1)/d) = d/s2
2. The present problem can be solved within the above framework. The speed of the cyclist can be taken as s1 and the speed of the buses as s2
3. If the distance is called AB and is equal to 2d , and the cyclist is midway and starts moving towards B, then buses starting from A, take d/(s2-s1) minutes to meet the cyclist after the previous bus meets him and similarly buses starting from B take d/(s1+s2) minutes to meet him after the previous bus meets him.
4. What the problem asks is effectively to find when the cyclist is stationary i.e, when s1=0, , how long does it take a bus to meet the cyclist after the previous bus meets him. i.e., it asks us to find d/s2. This can be found using the harmonic mean formula.
5. Since d/(s1+ s2) = 4 and d/(s2-s1) = 12, d/s2 = 2 / (1/4 + 1/12) = 6 minutes
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Last edited by SravnaTestPrep on 28 Aug 2013, 07:14, edited 3 times in total.
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Re: A man cycling along the road noticed that every 12 minutes [#permalink]

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19 Aug 2013, 04:27
WholeLottaLove wrote:

Nice post, thanks! I suppose you wouldn't have a post breaking down this: on-a-partly-cloudy-day-derek-decides-to-walk-back-from-work-147050.html#p1257285

monster, would you?

Well, I wrote this question for Veritas and I can tell you that it is not very easy. It's conceptual and has a trap. I haven't written a post on this question but will be willing to write one next week. Look out for the post next Monday on my blog.
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Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for $199 Veritas Prep Reviews Manager Joined: 07 Apr 2012 Posts: 126 Location: United States Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Operations Schools: ISB '15 GMAT 1: 590 Q48 V23 GPA: 3.9 WE: Operations (Manufacturing) Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 10 [1] , given: 45 Re: test m08 question n18 [#permalink] Show Tags 28 Aug 2013, 03:37 1 This post received KUDOS Bunuel wrote: lucalelli88 wrote: A man cycling along the road noticed that every 12 minutes a bus overtakes him and every 4 minutes he meets an oncoming bus. If all buses and the cyclist move at a constant speed, what is the time interval between consecutive buses? I didn't get how to solve this problem. Can someone explain me more detailed than solution provided by the test? Thank you in advance!! A man cycling along the road noticed that every 12 minutes a bus overtakes him and every 4 minutes he meets an oncoming bus. If all buses and the cyclist move at a constant speed, what is the time interval between consecutive buses? A. 5 minutes B. 6 minutes C. 8 minutes D. 9 minutes E. 10 minutes Let's say the distance between the buses is $$d$$. We want to determine $$Interval=\frac{d}{b}$$, where $$b$$ is the speed of bus. Let the speed of cyclist be $$c$$. Every 12 minutes a bus overtakes cyclist: $$\frac{d}{b-c}=12$$, $$d=12b-12c$$; Every 4 minutes cyclist meets an oncoming bus: $$\frac{d}{b+c}=4$$, $$d=4b+4c$$; $$d=12b-12c=4b+4c$$, --> $$b=2c$$, --> $$d=12b-6b=6b$$. $$Interval=\frac{d}{b}=\frac{6b}{b}=6$$ Answer: B (6 minutes). Hope it helps. Harmonic mean of the two times gives 6 as answer ? Is there a connection b/w Mean and the solution to such probs. May be yes because there is a sense of harmonics ( i.e. repetition is multilple of the first term. ) but I am not able to explain it or find a concrete analysis. brunuel what do you say ? Senior Manager Joined: 17 Dec 2012 Posts: 447 Location: India Followers: 26 Kudos [?]: 395 [0], given: 14 Re: test m08 question n18 [#permalink] Show Tags 28 Aug 2013, 07:01 ygdrasil24 wrote: Bunuel wrote: lucalelli88 wrote: A man cycling along the road noticed that every 12 minutes a bus overtakes him and every 4 minutes he meets an oncoming bus. If all buses and the cyclist move at a constant speed, what is the time interval between consecutive buses? I didn't get how to solve this problem. Can someone explain me more detailed than solution provided by the test? Thank you in advance!! A man cycling along the road noticed that every 12 minutes a bus overtakes him and every 4 minutes he meets an oncoming bus. If all buses and the cyclist move at a constant speed, what is the time interval between consecutive buses? A. 5 minutes B. 6 minutes C. 8 minutes D. 9 minutes E. 10 minutes Let's say the distance between the buses is $$d$$. We want to determine $$Interval=\frac{d}{b}$$, where $$b$$ is the speed of bus. Let the speed of cyclist be $$c$$. Every 12 minutes a bus overtakes cyclist: $$\frac{d}{b-c}=12$$, $$d=12b-12c$$; Every 4 minutes cyclist meets an oncoming bus: $$\frac{d}{b+c}=4$$, $$d=4b+4c$$; $$d=12b-12c=4b+4c$$, --> $$b=2c$$, --> $$d=12b-6b=6b$$. $$Interval=\frac{d}{b}=\frac{6b}{b}=6$$ Answer: B (6 minutes). Hope it helps. Harmonic mean of the two times gives 6 as answer ? Is there a connection b/w Mean and the solution to such probs. May be yes because there is a sense of harmonics ( i.e. repetition is multilple of the first term. ) but I am not able to explain it or find a concrete analysis. brunuel what do you say ? Hi, I have corrected my previous reply and have given my thoughts on this. Kindly take a look. _________________ Srinivasan Vaidyaraman Sravna http://www.sravnatestprep.com Classroom and Online Coaching Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor Joined: 16 Oct 2010 Posts: 7121 Location: Pune, India Followers: 2133 Kudos [?]: 13640 [0], given: 222 Re: A man cycling along the road noticed that every 12 minutes [#permalink] Show Tags 28 Aug 2013, 22:01 WholeLottaLove wrote: VeritasPrepKarishma wrote: Nice post, thanks! I suppose you wouldn't have a post breaking down this: on-a-partly-cloudy-day-derek-decides-to-walk-back-from-work-147050.html#p1257285 monster, would you? Actually, Ron beat me to it and gave a full fledged, brilliant analysis of this question here: http://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2013/08 ... -the-gmat/ This should be helpful. _________________ Karishma Veritas Prep | GMAT Instructor My Blog Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for$199

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Re: test m08 question n18 [#permalink]

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29 Aug 2013, 08:11
Hi,

I have corrected my previous reply and have given my thoughts on this. Kindly take a look.[/quote]

Thanks Srinavasan, but can you explain what harmonic mean is doing here ?
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Re: test m08 question n18 [#permalink]

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29 Aug 2013, 19:40
ygdrasil24 wrote:
Hi,

I have corrected my previous reply and have given my thoughts on this. Kindly take a look.

Thanks Srinavasan, but can you explain what harmonic mean is doing here ?[/quote]

Consider two buses one traveling at 25 miles/hr and the other at 50 miles /hr. Let us assume a distance of 300 miles. When they are moving in the opposite direction the distance is covered in 300/ (50+25) = 4 hours. The slower bus covers the distance in 300/25 = 12 hours and the faster bus covers the distance in 300/50 = 6 hours You see the ratio of the combined speed and the speed of the faster bus is 1.5:1 and this is reflected in the time taken ie, 4 hours and 6 hours . Similarly the ratio of the speed of the faster bus and the slower bus is 2:1 and this is reflected in the time taken ie., 6 hours and 12 hours.

We can see that the difference in the time taken by the faster bus and the combined time (6-4= 2 hrs) and the difference in the time taken by the slower bus and the faster bus(12-6 = 6 hrs) is in the ratio of one extreme being the combined time taken and the other extreme being the time taken by the slower bus. That is the distance of the "mean" is at a distance from the two extremes that is proportionate to the ratio of the two extremes and this is what harmonic mean is.

Thus it turns out that in the above scenario the use of harmonic mean to find the time taken by the faster bus is apt.
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Re: test m08 question n18 [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2013, 06:34
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Re: A man cycling along the road noticed that every 12 minutes [#permalink]

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15 Nov 2013, 06:46
How can we assume that the sped of both bus is same
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Re: A man cycling along the road noticed that every 12 minutes [#permalink]

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31 Dec 2013, 07:54
lucalelli88 wrote:
A man cycling along the road noticed that every 12 minutes a bus overtakes him and every 4 minutes he meets an oncoming bus. If all buses and the cyclist move at a constant speed, what is the time interval between consecutive buses?

A. 5 minutes
B. 6 minutes
C. 8 minutes
D. 9 minutes
E. 10 minutes

I didn't get how to solve this problem. Can someone explain me more detailed than solution provided by the test?

Let's say 'b' for bus, and 'c' for cyclist rates.

Time interval means = d / b

We have that 12(b-c) = 4(b+c) = Distance

So we get b = 2c

Now we need to find the distance, replace in second equation and we get 12c

Since b = 2c then 6b = 12c

Interval is therefore 6b/b = 6 min

Hope it helps!
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Re: A man cycling along the road noticed that every 12 minutes [#permalink]

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21 Feb 2014, 08:08
Its very very tricky........
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Re: A man cycling along the road noticed that every 12 minutes [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2014, 02:25
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Another perspective:

Consider this way: from one end the buses start every 4 minutes and from the other end they start every 12 minutes. We can see that the buses, on the average, start every 6 min and this is the actual time between two consecutive buses.
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Re: test m08 question n18 [#permalink]

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17 Jun 2014, 23:33
Bunuel wrote:
lucalelli88 wrote:
A man cycling along the road noticed that every 12 minutes a bus overtakes him and every 4 minutes he meets an oncoming bus. If all buses and the cyclist move at a constant speed, what is the time interval between consecutive buses?

I didn't get how to solve this problem. Can someone explain me more detailed than solution provided by the test?

A man cycling along the road noticed that every 12 minutes a bus overtakes him and every 4 minutes he meets an oncoming bus. If all buses and the cyclist move at a constant speed, what is the time interval between consecutive buses?
A. 5 minutes
B. 6 minutes
C. 8 minutes
D. 9 minutes
E. 10 minutes

Let's say the distance between the buses is $$d$$. We want to determine $$Interval=\frac{d}{b}$$, where $$b$$ is the speed of bus.

Let the speed of cyclist be $$c$$.

Every 12 minutes a bus overtakes cyclist: $$\frac{d}{b-c}=12$$, $$d=12b-12c$$;

Every 4 minutes cyclist meets an oncoming bus: $$\frac{d}{b+c}=4$$, $$d=4b+4c$$;

$$d=12b-12c=4b+4c$$, --> $$b=2c$$, --> $$d=12b-6b=6b$$.

$$Interval=\frac{d}{b}=\frac{6b}{b}=6$$

Hope it helps.

Acc to the solution in club test
the distance between the buses is 4(Vb+Vc)=12(Vb−Vc)
Now,

4(Vb+Vc)
is distance between bus and cyclist how come between two buses. Pls clarify
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Re: A man cycling along the road noticed that every 12 minutes [#permalink]

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19 Jun 2014, 01:54
Whats the level of this question?

I got it wrong the first place
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Re: A man cycling along the road noticed that every 12 minutes [#permalink]

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19 Jun 2014, 01:56
PareshGmat wrote:
Whats the level of this question?

I got it wrong the first place

This is definitely a 700+ question.
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Re: A man cycling along the road noticed that every 12 minutes [#permalink]

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14 Jan 2015, 21:52
Bunuel wrote:
lucalelli88 wrote:
A man cycling along the road noticed that every 12 minutes a bus overtakes him and every 4 minutes he meets an oncoming bus. If all buses and the cyclist move at a constant speed, what is the time interval between consecutive buses?

I didn't get how to solve this problem. Can someone explain me more detailed than solution provided by the test?

A man cycling along the road noticed that every 12 minutes a bus overtakes him and every 4 minutes he meets an oncoming bus. If all buses and the cyclist move at a constant speed, what is the time interval between consecutive buses?
A. 5 minutes
B. 6 minutes
C. 8 minutes
D. 9 minutes
E. 10 minutes

Let's say the distance between the buses is $$d$$. We want to determine $$Interval=\frac{d}{b}$$, where $$b$$ is the speed of bus.

Let the speed of cyclist be $$c$$.

Every 12 minutes a bus overtakes cyclist: $$\frac{d}{b-c}=12$$, $$d=12b-12c$$;

Every 4 minutes cyclist meets an oncoming bus: $$\frac{d}{b+c}=4$$, $$d=4b+4c$$;

$$d=12b-12c=4b+4c$$, --> $$b=2c$$, --> $$d=12b-6b=6b$$.

$$Interval=\frac{d}{b}=\frac{6b}{b}=6$$

Hope it helps.

If the speed of the bus is b in that case speed will add up and Interval = d/2b?
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Re: A man cycling along the road noticed that every 12 minutes [#permalink]

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16 Jan 2015, 03:34
I have found somebody ask for answering by tabulating the measurement. I do it by this provision. Please find the attach file for it.
Hope it help
Note:
Catch up: same work, diff rate and time
Meet up: same time, diff rate, together finish work
Attachments

Catch up - Meet up.docx [27.35 KiB]

Re: A man cycling along the road noticed that every 12 minutes   [#permalink] 16 Jan 2015, 03:34

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