A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico

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A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2009, 14:11
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A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico accounted for more than a quarter of all foreign-born residents of the United States, the largest share for any country to contribute since 1980, when about 30 percent of the country’s foreign-born population was from Germany.

A. the largest share for any country to contribute
B. the largest share that any country has contributed
C. which makes it the largest share for any country to contribute
D. having the largest share to be contributed by any country
E. having the largest share to have been contributed by any country

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
If you have any questions
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Re: A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2009, 14:21
A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico accounted for more than a quarter of all foreign-born residents of the United States, the largest share for any country to contribute since 1980, when about 30 percent of the country’s foreign-born population was from Germany.

A. the largest share for any country to contribute -- "share for" sound awkard
B. the largest share that any country has contributed - seems correct
C. which makes it the largest share for any country to contribute - which should refer to Mexico and not the entire clause
D. having the largest share to be contributed by any country
E. having the largest share to have been contributed by any country
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Re: A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2009, 16:58

B is not correct as the action is no longer valid now , action that is survey in this case happened in the past and closed now

I also checked Present Prefect definition on Present prefect

http://www.perfectyourenglish.com/gramm ... -tense.htm
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Re: A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2009, 17:14
IMO B. you need a continuous tense since you have 'since 1980 ...' in the question. So only B is the best choice.
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Re: A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2009, 21:42
ugimba wrote:
IMO B. you need a continuous tense since you have 'since 1980 ...' in the question. So only B is the best choice.

Since 1980 to "March 2000 ... showed .... ": a period of time in the past --> using present perfect seems incorrect?
Ex: I stoped playing football last year after I have played it since I was 10. Is it correct?

If you choose B because the adv since ... --> please explain the above sentence. I just try to make this answer clearer. Tks
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Re: A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2009, 01:21
acer2knight wrote:
A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico accounted for more than a quarter of all foreign-born residents of the United States, the largest share for any country to contribute since 1980, when about 30 percent of the country’s foreign-born population was from Germany.

A. the largest share for any country to contribute -- "share for" sound awkard
B. the largest share that any country has contributed - seems correct
C. which makes it the largest share for any country to contribute - which should refer to Mexico and not the entire clause
D. having the largest share to be contributed by any country
E. having the largest share to have been contributed by any country

agree with B.

Can you please explain what exactly 'which' is referring to, as per you, in C?
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Re: A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2009, 05:45
OA is
[Reveal] Spoiler:
A
Could anyone explain why it is
[Reveal] Spoiler:
A
. I have choosed
[Reveal] Spoiler:
B

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Re: A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2009, 09:34
Are you sure about the OA?
Is it A?
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Re: A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico [#permalink]

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28 Oct 2012, 22:12
perfectstranger wrote:
OA is
[Reveal] Spoiler:
A
Could anyone explain why it is
[Reveal] Spoiler:
A
. I have choosed
[Reveal] Spoiler:
B

The OA is B for the above question. Confirmed .

Thanks,
Ankit
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Re: A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico [#permalink]

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03 Jul 2014, 22:09
Can anyone confirm what is the OA?

Since in the doc I have downloaded from the forum, the OA is (A).

I marked (B).
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Re: A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico [#permalink]

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04 Jul 2014, 03:31
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Ron said "Option B is the correct answer to this problem."
"actually, the only acceptable tense for a clause modified by "since..." is the present perfect."

I hope no doubt left on OA etc.
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Re: A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico [#permalink]

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20 Jun 2016, 21:09
I know I am wrong.
But I considered this:
I had taken Mexico as the subject initially in "Mexico accounted for more than a quarter.."
So I narrowed to last two options.

Can someone help me understand my mistake more clearly?
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Re: A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2016, 03:58
mkarthik1 wrote:
I know I am wrong.
But I considered this:
I had taken Mexico as the subject initially in "Mexico accounted for more than a quarter.."
So I narrowed to last two options.

Can someone help me understand my mistake more clearly?

I am feel Mexico is definitely the subject.
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Re: A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2016, 04:32
Quote:
mkarthik1 wrote:
I know I am wrong.
But I considered this:
I had taken Mexico as the subject initially in "Mexico accounted for more than a quarter.."
So I narrowed to last two options.

Can someone help me understand my mistake more clearly?

Yes Mexico is the subject of the sentence.

A & B - I am confused between these two choices.
C- 'which' should modify Mexico only, however it modifies complete sentence before coma.
D- GMAT prefers 'that' over 'ing' modifier.
E- Same as above + "have" is incorrec for singular noun + awkward

hope this helps.
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Re: A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2016, 05:09
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anonymousvn wrote:
A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico accounted for more than a quarter of all foreign-born residents of the United States, the largest share for any country to contribute since 1980, when about 30 percent of the country’s foreign-born population was from Germany.

A. the largest share for any country to contribute
B. the largest share that any country has contributed
C. which makes it the largest share for any country to contribute
D. having the largest share to be contributed by any country
E. having the largest share to have been contributed by any country

'Since/ for' generally requires past perfect tense

A. the largest share for any country to contribute. 'for' is not right. It implies that something is there for mexico
B. the largest share that any country has contributed. Correct choice. We need sentence in present perfect tense.
C. which makes it the largest share for any country to contribute. 'Which' modifies USA.
D. having the largest share to be contributed by any country. -ing form modifies the previous sentence. Flipping the sentence shows that 'having' modifies 'A March 2000 Census Bureau survey' and that is not correct
E. having the largest share to have been contributed by any country -ing form modifies the previous sentence. Flipping the sentence shows that 'having' modifies 'A March 2000 Census Bureau survey' and that is not correct
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A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2016, 01:16
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A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico accounted for more than a quarter of all foreign-born residents of the United States, the largest share for any country to contribute since 1980, when about 30 percent of the country’s foreign-born population was from Germany.

A. the largest share for any country to contribute
B. the largest share that any country has contributed
C. which makes it the largest share for any country to contribute
D. having the largest share to be contributed by any country
E. having the largest share to have been contributed by any country

The entire clause "A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico accounted for more than a quarter of all foreign-born residents of the United States, the largest share for any country to contribute" is modified by the adjective modifier "SINCE 1980".

SINCE has 3 important properties that should be remembered:-
1)SINCE is an adjective of time. It shows "from what time the action started".
2)SINCE captures all time -"from the past to the current moment"
3)SINCE implies that the action is currently going on.

Because SINCE indicates ongoing action in the current time (PRESENT TENSE) it will always use "is/has/have"

Knowing this rule can help one to reach the correct answer in less than 10 seconds
THE ANSWER BECOMES EASY PEASY "B".

B. the largest share that any country has contributed
No other option except B contains the correct linking verb "has".

anonymousvn wrote:
A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico accounted for more than a quarter of all foreign-born residents of the United States, the largest share for any country to contribute since 1980, when about 30 percent of the country’s foreign-born population was from Germany.

A. the largest share for any country to contribute
B. the largest share that any country has contributed
C. which makes it the largest share for any country to contribute
D. having the largest share to be contributed by any country
E. having the largest share to have been contributed by any country

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Re: A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico [#permalink]

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23 Sep 2016, 06:34
anonymousvn wrote:
A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico accounted for more than a quarter of all foreign-born residents of the United States, the largest share for any country to contribute since 1980, when about 30 percent of the country’s foreign-born population was from Germany.

A. the largest share for any country to contribute
B. the largest share that any country has contributed
C. which makes it the largest share for any country to contribute
D. having the largest share to be contributed by any country
E. having the largest share to have been contributed by any country

'Since/ for' generally requires past perfect tense

A. the largest share for any country to contribute. 'for' is not right. It implies that something is there for mexico
B. the largest share that any country has contributed. Correct choice. We need sentence in present perfect tense.
C. which makes it the largest share for any country to contribute. 'Which' modifies USA.

D. having the largest share to be contributed by any country. -ing form modifies the previous sentence. Flipping the sentence shows that 'having' modifies 'A March 2000 Census Bureau survey' and that is not correct
E. having the largest share to have been contributed by any country -ing form modifies the previous sentence. Flipping the sentence shows that 'having' modifies 'A March 2000 Census Bureau survey' and that is not correct

Can you explain the flipping bit? I am not sure I understood what you meant to post. Thanks!
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Re: A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2017, 15:36
Hi Experts, In option B - Isn't the underlined portion a IC? It has subject largest share that and Verb Has... Im little confused.
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Re: A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico [#permalink]

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06 Jan 2017, 22:06
rakaisraka wrote:
Hi Experts, In option B - Isn't the underlined portion a IC? It has subject largest share that and Verb Has... Im little confused.

The underlined portion is an absolute phrase modifier. An absolute phrase modifier modifies an entire clause in some way and has the structure noun / noun phrase + noun modifier.

Here,

Absolute phrase modifier: the largest share that any country has contributed since 1980. (noun = the largest share, noun modifier = that any country has contributed since 1980).

The above absolute phrase modifier modifies the clause "Mexico accounted for more than a quarter of all foreign-born residents of the United States".

Please let me know if you still have doubt.
Re: A March 2000 Census Bureau survey showed that Mexico   [#permalink] 06 Jan 2017, 22:06
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