A museum has been offered an undocumented statue, supposedly : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# A museum has been offered an undocumented statue, supposedly

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A museum has been offered an undocumented statue, supposedly [#permalink]

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06 Mar 2010, 05:38
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A museum has been offered an undocumented statue, supposedly Greek and from sixth century B.C. Possibly the statue is genuine but undocumented because it was recently unearthed or because it has been privately owned. However, an ancient surface usually has uneven weathering, whereas the surface of this statue has the uniform quality characteristically produced by a chemical bath used by forgers to imitate a weathered surface. Therefore, the statue is probably a forgery.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

(A) Museums can accept a recently unearthed statue only with valid export documentation from its country origin.

(B) The chemical bath that forgers use was at one time used by dealers and collectors to remove the splotchy surface appearance of genuinely ancient sculptures.

(C) Museum officials believe that forgers have no technique that can convincingly simulate the patchy weathering characteristic of the surfaces of ancient sculptures.

(D) An allegedly Roman Sculpture with a uniform surface similar to that of the statue being offered to the museum was recently shown to be a forgery.

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Re: [SS] CR Question 1 [#permalink]

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06 Mar 2010, 06:27
Where is the option E?
Otherwise B as:
A) Irrelevant
C) Strengthen the argument
D) Strengthen the argument
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Re: [SS] CR Question 1 [#permalink]

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06 Mar 2010, 11:34
How does (C) strengthens the argument please explain. I am a newbie to GMAT and CR, this question may be very obvious but I will be pleased to know the reasoning for (C) option..

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Re: [SS] CR Question 1 [#permalink]

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08 Mar 2010, 08:57
In IMO it is B.

Conclusion: the statue is probably a forgery
Argument: 'an ancient surface usually has uneven weathering, whereas the surface of this statue has the uniform quality characteristically produced by a chemical bath used by forgers to imitate a weathered surface'

(A) Museums can accept a recently unearthed statue only with valid export documentation from its country origin.
>> Not relevant in determining if it is a forgery.
(B) The chemical bath that forgers use was at one time used by dealers and collectors to remove the splotchy surface appearance of genuinely ancient sculptures.
>> It weakens the argument because dealers/collectors might have ised this chemical bath on this statue.
(C) Museum officials believe that forgers have no technique that can convincingly simulate the patchy weathering characteristic of the surfaces of ancient sculptures.
>> This statement will not weaken the argument. Argument considers uniform quality of weathering on the surface of the statue.
(D) An allegedly Roman Sculpture with a uniform surface similar to that of the statue being offered to the museum was recently shown to be a forgery.
>> This stengthens the argument.
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Re: [SS] CR Question 1 [#permalink]

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11 Mar 2010, 01:56
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SS1988 wrote:
A museum has been offered an undocumented statue, supposedly Greek and from sixth century B.C. Possibly the statue is genuine but undocumented because it was recently unearthed or because it has been privately owned. However, an ancient surface usually has uneven weathering, whereas the surface of this statue has the uniform quality characteristically produced by a chemical bath used by forgers to imitate a weathered surface. Therefore, the statue is probably a forgery.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

(A) Museums can accept a recently unearthed statue only with valid export documentation from its country origin.
It is not relevant to question

(B) The chemical bath that forgers use was at one time used by dealers and collectors to remove the splotchy surface appearance of genuinely ancient sculptures.
Definitely weakens the arument as it is supporting that the statue could be original.

(C) Museum officials believe that forgers have no technique that can convincingly simulate the patchy weathering characteristic of the surfaces of ancient sculptures.
This says that since there is no technique by which forgers can match the weathering surface, it is possible to judge from the surface it self if the statue is original or not. so strenghten the argument

(D) An allegedly Roman Sculpture with a uniform surface similar to that of the statue being offered to the museum was recently shown to be a forgery.
Supporting the argument

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Re: [SS] CR Question 1 [#permalink]

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11 Mar 2010, 05:50
SS1988 wrote:
How does (C) strengthens the argument please explain. I am a newbie to GMAT and CR, this question may be very obvious but I will be pleased to know the reasoning for (C) option..

=SS

The stimulus conclusion is: the statue is probably a forgery. Statement C indicates that forgers have no technique that can simulate the surface that of the original patchy look. This fact does not weaken the conclusion, in some way it even makes the coclusion more probable.
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Re: [SS] CR Question 1 [#permalink]

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11 Mar 2010, 06:13
my pick is (B) too.
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Re: [SS] CR Question 1 [#permalink]

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12 Mar 2010, 20:38
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Hey All,

Lot of great conversation going on about this one, so I thought I'd weigh in and try to take it apart with technique. Let's see how it goes.

A museum has been offered an undocumented statue, supposedly Greek and from sixth century B.C. Possibly the statue is genuine but undocumented because it was recently unearthed or because it has been privately owned. However, an ancient surface usually has uneven weathering, whereas the surface of this statue has the uniform quality characteristically produced by a chemical bath used by forgers to imitate a weathered surface. Therefore, the statue is probably a forgery.

Conclusion: The statue is probably a forgery.

Premise: Undocumented, with an even surface more characteristic of forgery than a genuine antique

Assumption: There's no way a genuine antique could get that even surface

This is my assumption, and I promise I have yet to read the answer choices. As far as I can see, this is the major leap the argument makes. if there's some way a genuine antique could end up with that fake-looking surface, this could still be genuine.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

(A) Museums can accept a recently unearthed statue only with valid export documentation from its country origin.

PROBLEM: This doesn't relate to the authenticity of the statue at all. We only care about the surface.

(B) The chemical bath that forgers use was at one time used by dealers and collectors to remove the splotchy surface appearance of genuinely ancient sculptures.

ANSWER: This looks good, because it describes a reason a genuine antique might have ended up with the fake-looking surface.

(C) Museum officials believe that forgers have no technique that can convincingly simulate the patchy weathering characteristic of the surfaces of ancient sculptures.

PROBLEM: This would strengthen the argument slightly, because it implies that the uneven weathering is always going to be genuine.

(D) An allegedly Roman Sculpture with a uniform surface similar to that of the statue being offered to the museum was recently shown to be a forgery.

PROBLEM: This strengthens the argument pretty straightforwardly.

Hope that helps!

-t
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Re: [SS] CR Question 1 [#permalink]

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13 Mar 2010, 07:30
With available choices it has to be B.
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Re: [SS] CR Question 1 [#permalink]

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11 Jan 2014, 07:07
alexBLR wrote:
SS1988 wrote:
How does (C) strengthens the argument please explain. I am a newbie to GMAT and CR, this question may be very obvious but I will be pleased to know the reasoning for (C) option..

=SS

The stimulus conclusion is: the statue is probably a forgery. Statement C indicates that forgers have no technique that can simulate the surface that of the original patchy look. This fact does not weaken the conclusion, in some way it even makes the coclusion more probable.
Here is how I reached how C is a strengthener.

An ancient surface usually has uneven weathering(X), whereas the surface of this statue has the uniform quality characteristically produced by a chemical bath used by forgers to imitate a weathered surface(Y). Therefore, the statue is probably a forgery.

Note that premise here is: X(uneven weathered surfaced statue) can be converted to Y(evenly surfaced statue) by process Z.
Conclusion: Because of Process Z, statue is forgery.

Choice C says: Forgers can't create X
If forgers cant create X. The whole argument still stands good. And so it will be strengthener.

I also selected C wrongly earlier assuming that C is saying that Forgers can't create Y. If C says Forgers can't create Y, then C can be counted as a weakener.

HTH.

On the other lines, the actual answer B says that because process Z is owned by not only forgers, but also early dealers/collectors, so it will be wrong to consider the statue a forgery just on based of application of process Z.
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Re: A museum has been offered an undocumented statue, supposedly [#permalink]

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11 Jan 2014, 20:05
PREMISE- 1. A museum has been offered an undocumented statue, supposedly Greek and from sixth century B.C.

COUNTER PREMISE- 1. Possibly the statue is genuine but undocumented because it was recently unearthed or because it has been privately owned.

PREMISE 2. - An ancient surface usually has uneven weathering, whereas the surface of this statue has the uniform quality characteristically produced by a chemical bath used by forgers to imitate a weathered surface.

CONCLUSION- Therefore, the statue is probably a forgery.

ASSUMPTION-- 1. Uniform surface statue unlikely to be ancient....
2. CHEMICAL BATH CAN WEATHER A SURFACE.........
2. Uniform surface statue likely to have been forged.....

a weakener should weaken the assumption or conclusion...............CORRECT ANSWER SHOULD BRING OUT-----.THE STATUE IS UNLIKELY TO BE A FORGERY.....

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

(A) Museums can accept a recently unearthed statue only with valid export documentation from its country origin.... does not lead us to conclude that the statue is not a forgery... wrong

(B) The chemical bath that forgers use was at one time used by dealers and collectors to remove the splotchy surface appearance of genuinely ancient sculptures. .....may be an evidence that the statue is not a forgery... can be CORRECT....

(C) Museum officials believe that forgers have no technique that can convincingly simulate the patchy weathering characteristic of the surfaces of ancient sculptures. ....SINCE the forgers cannot possibly simulate a splotchy appearance...may be the statue is not genuine........
(D) An allegedly Roman Sculpture with a uniform surface similar to that of the statue being offered to the museum was recently shown to be a forgery. evidence to support conclusion

Last edited by semwal on 27 Jan 2014, 07:56, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: A museum has been offered an undocumented statue, supposedly [#permalink]

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27 Jan 2014, 03:34
SS1988 wrote:
A museum has been offered an undocumented statue, supposedly Greek and from sixth century B.C. Possibly the statue is genuine but undocumented because it was recently unearthed or because it has been privately owned. However, an ancient surface usually has uneven weathering, whereas the surface of this statue has the uniform quality characteristically produced by a chemical bath used by forgers to imitate a weathered surface. Therefore, the statue is probably a forgery.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

(A) Museums can accept a recently unearthed statue only with valid export documentation from its country origin.

(B) The chemical bath that forgers use was at one time used by dealers and collectors to remove the splotchy surface appearance of genuinely ancient sculptures.

(C) Museum officials believe that forgers have no technique that can convincingly simulate the patchy weathering characteristic of the surfaces of ancient sculptures.

(D) An allegedly Roman Sculpture with a uniform surface similar to that of the statue being offered to the museum was recently shown to be a forgery.

Initially I chose C, however I want to take it one step further:
C says that this chemical was "one time used by dealers and collectors to remove the splotchy surface appearance". So this chemical might be used for other reasons as well, like "to imitate a weathered surface". Just because it so happened that once (50 years ago) forgers used it to remove splotches, doesn't mean that it doesn't produce a weathered surface.
What's wrong with this reasoning?
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Re: A museum has been offered an undocumented statue, supposedly [#permalink]

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08 Feb 2014, 14:53
A museum has been offered an undocumented statue, supposedly Greek and from sixth century B.C. Possibly the statue is genuine but undocumented because it was recently unearthed or because it has been privately owned. However, an ancient surface usually has uneven weathering, whereas the surface of this statue has the uniform quality characteristically produced by a chemical bath used by forgers to imitate a weathered surface. Therefore, the statue is probably a forgery.

Conclusion: Therefore, The statue is probably a forgery.
Counterpremise: However, an ancient surface usually has uneven weathering, whereas the surface of this statue has the uniform quality characteristically produced by a chemical bath used by forgers to imitate a weathered surface
Premise:A museum has been offered an undocumented statue, supposedly Greek and from sixth century B.C. Possibly the statue is genuine but undocumented because it was recently unearthed or because it has been privately owned
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Re: A museum has been offered an undocumented statue, supposedly [#permalink]

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10 May 2015, 01:03
Conclusion : the statue is probably a forgery
premise : an ancient surface usually has uneven weathering, whereas the surface of this statue has the uniform quality characteristically produced by a chemical bath used by forgers to imitate a weathered surface

Prethinking : Something that provides same finish but genuine.

A) museum can accept a recently unearthed statue only with valid export documentation from its country of origin -> OFS

B) the subject's pose and other aspects of the subject's treatment exhibit all the most common features of Greek statues of the sixth century BC -> Doesn't invalidate the premise and hence conclusion. It does weaken the conclusion though.

C) the chemical bath that forgers use was at one time used by dealers and collectors to remove the splotchy surface appearance of genuinely ancient sculptures -> Correct

D) museum officials believe that forgers have no technique that can convincingly simulate the patchy weathering characteristic of the surfaces of ancient sculptures -> OFS

E) an allegedly roman sculpture with a uniform surface similar to that of the statue being offered to the museum was recently shown to be a forgery -> Supports the conclusion
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Re: A museum has been offered an undocumented statue, supposedly [#permalink]

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30 Jun 2016, 09:36
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Re: A museum has been offered an undocumented statue, supposedly   [#permalink] 30 Jun 2016, 09:36
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