A new hair-growing drug is being sold for three times the : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# A new hair-growing drug is being sold for three times the

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A new hair-growing drug is being sold for three times the [#permalink]

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09 Jan 2005, 06:44
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A new hair-growing drug is being sold for three times the price, per milligram, as the drugâ€™s maker charges for another product with the same active ingredient.

A. as
B. than
C. that
D. of what
E. at which

Excuse me, I've reviewed all of the discussion before, could anybody tell me why the choice C is erroneous.
If you have any questions
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VP
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09 Jan 2005, 12:10
the answer could be D but i am scared.

three times needs of, therefore D seems answer to me.
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09 Jan 2005, 12:49
Hi Ma and Chunjuwu

I think the answer should be C.

"three times the price that the drugâ€™s maker charges" seems to be correct.
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09 Jan 2005, 14:01
I go for (D)
the price of... is right
the price that... sound awkward.
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09 Jan 2005, 15:39
I go with D.

C is not thhe answer because three times that .. is missing an 'of'
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09 Jan 2005, 20:20
sorry,

The OA is D

any more explanation?
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10 Jan 2005, 10:12
my choice is d. this is one of those English usage that you have to know it. other explanations here are nice too.
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11 Jan 2005, 15:55
The key here is "of what the" is followed by the noun drug maker. For ex: This is an example of what the doctrine teaches us.
This is part of what the Code Red project is.
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23 May 2005, 20:11
Hmmm... I dont think OA is correct.
It should be (C).

Lets talk about (D) first:
(D): A new hair-growing drug is being sold for three times the price, per milligram, of what the drugâ€™s maker charges for another product with the same active ingredient.

Portion in Red gives you some price say X. Now when I replace this Noun Clause with X, sentence becomes awkward.

A new hair-growing drug is being sold for three times the price, per milligram, of X

We are not talking price of some price. Hence (D) is wrong.

Coming back to (C):
A new hair-growing drug is being sold for three times the price, per milligram, that the drugâ€™s maker charges for another product with the same active ingredient.

"That" perfectly refers to price (which drug maker charges for another product).

What do you say Guys/Gals ?
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23 May 2005, 20:29
I think it is the "," in "price, per milligram" that is causing this confusion. If we consider price per milligram as one unit, then the option D makes sense.

Meenu
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23 May 2005, 20:53
jpv wrote:
Hmmm... I dont think OA is correct.
It should be (C).

Lets talk about (D) first:
(D): A new hair-growing drug is being sold for three times the price, per milligram, of what the drugâ€™s maker charges for another product with the same active ingredient.

Portion in Red gives you some price say X. Now when I replace this Noun Clause with X, sentence becomes awkward.

A new hair-growing drug is being sold for three times the price, per milligram, of X

We are not talking price of some price. Hence (D) is wrong.

Coming back to (C):
A new hair-growing drug is being sold for three times the price, per milligram, that the drugâ€™s maker charges for another product with the same active ingredient.

"That" perfectly refers to price (which drug maker charges for another product).

What do you say Guys/Gals :roll: ?

Can I go a step further to say it is a "Restrictive" clause?
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24 May 2005, 10:46
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chunjuwu wrote:
A new hair-growing drug is being sold for three times the price, per milligram, as the drugâ€™s maker charges for another product with the same active ingredient.

A. as
B. than
C. that
D. of what
E. at which

Excuse me, I've reviewed all of the discussion before, could anybody tell me why the choice C is erroneous.

It helps to simplify this sentence, especially since some folks are being confused by the commas. This re-write eliminates the unnecessary adjective phrases but does not affect the issues at hand:

A drug is being sold for three times the price -------- the drugmaker charges for another product.

I think this question is very inconclusive.

First, you don't need to fill in the blank at all. Read the above sentence and don't fill in the blank. The sentence is fine without any of the answer choices.

Second, I am not aware of any reason THAT would be incorrect. It's a conjuntion linking two clauses:
X is being sold for three times the price THAT the drugmaker charges for Y.

That seems OK to me.

Third, I think that OF WHAT is a bit awkward but it seems grammatically correct and idiomatic:
X is being sold for three times the price of Y

Here, instead of having a conjuntion link two clauses, you have a preposition "of" and an object of the preposition Y being the phrase "what the drugmaker charges for another product".

This also seems correct to me.

So ... I think there are 3 equally acceptable ways to do this one: (C), (D), and no words there at all. And therefore I would personally guess that this is not a legit ETS question, and would not be on an actual GMAT.

If I'm wrong I'd love to see ETS's explanation.
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24 May 2005, 12:04
I remember the answer is C in some sources.

anyways,...
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24 May 2005, 19:52
supercat, I love reading your analysis of SC
I would have to agree with you that all 3 versions are acceptable although the third "of what" does seem and sound awkward. I would have picked C because it follows a fair idiom "X times the price that Z charges...". I strongly believe also that this is one of the poor quality questions that one should not get bothered with. You do not need to overanalyze this one.
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30 May 2005, 08:00
Paul, Supercat and other SC Gurus,

Could you guys verify this concept:

The word "that" could be either used as a) linking conjuction or b) introducing restrictive clause.

I've always wondered why sometimes "that" replaces a "noun" in somecases and in other cases it doesnt. You dont replace "that" with a noun when you use it as a linking conjuction, correct? For e.g.

Example #1:

X is being sold for three times the price THAT the drugmaker charges for Y ---> In this example "that" links 2 clauses and it doesnt really represent/replace any "noun". It just does the job of a conjuction - linking 2 clauses.

But lots of times "that" could be as introducing a restrictive clause.

Example #2:
Dogs that have 3 legs learn to hop and not run.

In example #2 "that" refers to dogs with 3 legs. It's essentially a "relative pronoun" representing the noun clause "dogs with 3 legs".

Could you verify this please?
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30 May 2005, 09:40
You are right. Among the many functions played by "that", two of them are that of a relative pronoun and conjunction. If we are introducing a restrictive clause, "that" will play the role of a relative pronoun so that the following clause becomes "necessary" as implied by "restrictive". In many idioms such as "so... that/such...that/etc", "that" will play the role of a conjunction. Your examples are fine except for the second one where you should have used another conjunction instead of "that" to denote the contrast you wanted to imply
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30 May 2005, 11:48
In your example #1, though, I do believe the "that" is refering to "price" in front of it.
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31 May 2005, 17:00
Going with D.

C is probably wrong because of the comma.
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04 Jun 2005, 08:41
Paul wrote:
You are right. Among the many functions played by "that", two of them are that of a relative pronoun and conjunction. If we are introducing a restrictive clause, "that" will play the role of a relative pronoun so that the following clause becomes "necessary" as implied by "restrictive". In many idioms such as "so... that/such...that/etc", "that" will play the role of a conjunction. Your examples are fine except for the second one where you should have used another conjunction instead of "that" to denote the contrast you wanted to imply

Thanks for the explanation Paul. I have a follow up question. When "that" is used to introduce a relative clause it [it = that] assumes the role of subject becuase it [it=that] is a relative pronoun, no?

E.g: The dog that ate my homework puked and fell sick.

Here "that", acting as a relative pronoun, represents the "dog who ate my homework";

Therefore: Subject = "The dog who ate my homework" represented by "that"
predicate = puked and fell sick. With "puked and fell" acting as a verb of the subject.

Now my question is the following:

what happens when the "relative clause itself has another noun".

For e.g:

One of the informants eventually professed ignorance of the crime, for fear that his testimony would lead to reprisals against him by his former confederates

Let weed out the IC in blue.

For = subordinating conjuction.

Lets look at the following: For Fear that his testimony would lead to reprisals against him by his former confederates.

Here "that" introduces a relative clause ---> "his testimony would lead to reprisals against him by his former conferedates".

How do the rules of relative pronoun/relative clause change when you already have another noun [in this case the word "his"] and if so what is the "relative pronoun" really referring to? I'm guessing the relative pronoun must "encompass the noun" introduced in the restrictive clause, correct? For e.g.

Is "that" = "Fear his testimony"?

Is my understanding correct?
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05 Jun 2005, 20:16
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Well, there is a flaw with your reasoning. When using words like "his/her", and the latter are followed by a noun, "his/her" will be considered adjectives. Only when they are not followed by a noun will they be considered pronouns. Two examples:

I read his book --> "his" is considered an adjective, not a pronoun, because you can basically replace it by "the blue" and it would be a word qualifying "book".
The book is his --> "his" here is used as a pronoun because it replaces a noun. You could replace it by "Richard's" and you immediately see why it is a pronoun.

Well, I agree that for example 1, you could have said " I read Richard's book" and considered "his" a pronoun but you can't because the rule is that when it is followed by a noun and CAN be replaced by an adjective, it will be an adjective.
Getting back to your example, you can see how "his" is used as an adjective because noun "testimony" follows it. Hence, because "his" is an adjective, it is not referring to anything; it merely gives extra information.
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05 Jun 2005, 20:16

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