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A New York ordinance of 1897 regulated the use of bicycle,

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A New York ordinance of 1897 regulated the use of bicycle, [#permalink] New post 27 May 2010, 23:53
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A New York ordinance of 1897 regulated the use of bicycle, mandated a maximum speed of eight miles an hour, required of cyclists to keep feet on pedals and hands on handlebars at all times, and it granted pedestrians right of way

1) regulated to the use of bicycles, mandated the maximum of speed of eight miles per hour, required of cyclists to keep feet on pedals and hands on handlebars at all time, and it granted
2)regulated to the use of bicycles, mandated the maximum of speed of eight miles per hour, required of cyclists to keep feet on pedals and hands on handlebars at all time, granting
3)regulating the use of bicycles mandated the maximum of speed of eight miles per hour, required of cyclists to keep feet on pedals and hands on handlebars at all time, and it granted
4)regulating to the use of bicycles, mandating the maximum of speed of eight miles per hour, requiring of cyclists to keep feet on pedals and hands on handlebars at all time, and granted
5) regulating to the use of bicycles, mandated the maximum of speed of eight miles per hour, required of cyclists to keep feet on pedals and hands on handlebars at all time, and granted

The correct answer is 5, please explain. I picked 1, why isn't it correct since it seems parallel
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Re: bicycle [#permalink] New post 28 May 2010, 08:06
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abcd1 wrote:
A New York ordinance of 1897 regulated the use of bicycle, mandated a maximum speed of eight miles an hour, required of cyclists to keep feet on pedals and hands on handlebars at all times, and it granted pedestrians right of way

1) regulated to the use of bicycles, mandated the maximum of speed of eight miles per hour, required of cyclists to keep feet on pedals and hands on handlebars at all time, and it granted
2)regulated to the use of bicycles, mandated the maximum of speed of eight miles per hour, required of cyclists to keep feet on pedals and hands on handlebars at all time, granting
3)regulating the use of bicycles mandated the maximum of speed of eight miles per hour, required of cyclists to keep feet on pedals and hands on handlebars at all time, and it granted
4)regulating to the use of bicycles, mandating the maximum of speed of eight miles per hour, requiring of cyclists to keep feet on pedals and hands on handlebars at all time, and granted
5) regulating to the use of bicycles, mandated the maximum of speed of eight miles per hour, required of cyclists to keep feet on pedals and hands on handlebars at all time, and granted

The correct answer is 5, please explain. I picked 1, why isn't it correct since it seems parallel


5 is good but.. can u plzz recheck whether its regulating to the use of bicycles, or regulating the use of bicycles

1 is wrong since it stresses the law and its particulars in the same way without subordination.

3 is good if it had a comma in front of mandate and avoided it in front of granted
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Re: bicycle [#permalink] New post 28 May 2010, 08:08
googled it and found .... http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/sc- ... t7988.html
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Re: bicycle [#permalink] New post 28 May 2010, 10:52
The answer choice 5 is correct instead of one because:

Regulating - the ordinance of 1897 is regulating the use of bicycles from 1897 to the present, present tense verb

it - ambiguous pronoun in answer choice 1 isn't needed
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Re: bicycle [#permalink] New post 28 May 2010, 16:43
thank you all. I think it was a typo, should have been " regulating the use of bicycle"

Anyways, i am still pretty unclear why it is " regulating" instead of " regulated"

could you please explain again?

thank you very much
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Re: bicycle [#permalink] New post 28 May 2010, 17:07
abcd1 wrote:
thank you all. I think it was a typo, should have been " regulating the use of bicycle"

Anyways, i am still pretty unclear why it is " regulating" instead of " regulated"

could you please explain again?

thank you very much

if you don't understand the difference between a past and present verb, your in trouble buddy, big time

The ordinance regulates the use of bicycle from 1897 till the present, thus the present tense regulating
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Re: bicycle [#permalink] New post 29 May 2010, 00:00
not that i don't understand the difference between regulating and regulated. Of course i do, but the thing is i am not sure why is regulating being used here since the rest of the sentences in #5 are in past tense " mandated, granted"

thanks
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Re: bicycle [#permalink] New post 15 Dec 2010, 08:44
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abcd1 wrote:
not that i don't understand the difference between regulating and regulated. Of course i do, but the thing is i am not sure why is regulating being used here since the rest of the sentences in #5 are in past tense " mandated, granted"

thanks


i think "regulating" here is a modifier of A New York ordinance of 1897, Verb 1 (mandated) + verb 2 (required) + verb 3 (mandated) is perfect paralel structure.
This ordinance is now not effected anymore (that's why main verbs are in the past), however "A New York ordinance of 1897" which is an act that regulates "the use of bicycle" is a fact so using "regulating" here is rational.
Hope it helps :)
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Last edited by MICKEYXITIN on 15 Dec 2010, 09:08, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: bicycle [#permalink] New post 15 Dec 2010, 09:09
E 8-)

1 is not correct because it is necessary a gerund to describe what regulated the ordinance.
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Re: bicycle [#permalink] New post 15 Dec 2010, 11:19
Very confused before I saw it was a typo.

Anyway, I got E as well.
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Re: bicycle [#permalink] New post 16 Dec 2010, 04:46
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Important aspects of list ll ism to decide here are: 1. How many series are there? 2. What is the primary aspect of each series and what are the auxiliary phenomena?

Mind you, they all are not equal elements; here in this case, the regulation is the primacy purpose of the ordinance. The other things are incidental to the primer purpose. The various lists of the primary purpose are required to be parallel within them.

Here in the given case, we can tackle ll ism in three ways.

1. A New York ordinance of 1897 regulated the use of bicycle, mandating a maximum speed of eight miles an hour, requiring of cyclists to keep feet on pedals and hands on handlebars at all times, and granting pedestrians right of way. (This choice is not there.


2. A New York ordinance of 1897, regulating the use of bicycle, mandated a maximum speed of eight miles an hour, required of cyclists to keep feet on pedals and hands on handlebars at all times, and granted pedestrians right of way( The OA)

3., Regulating the use of bicycle, a New York ordinance of 1897 mandated a maximum speed of eight miles an hour, required of cyclists to keep feet on pedals and hands on handlebars at all times, and granted pedestrians right of way( This is also not there)

Amidst these various choices, let’s remember that the –ing - form of regulate i.e. ‘regulating’ in the context is a present participle and not a main verb form of the present progressive. To become present progressive, you do have to use the auxiliary verb ‘is” before the ‘ing’ form. Regulating is neither a gerund here.

The same word manifests different meanings in different contexts and each has its own legitimate purpose.

A is wrong because it treats as if the ordinance had four different but equal purposes.
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Last edited by daagh on 13 Mar 2011, 02:40, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: A New York ordinance of 1897 regulated the use of bicycle, [#permalink] New post 18 Oct 2014, 09:04
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: A New York ordinance of 1897 regulated the use of bicycle,   [#permalink] 18 Oct 2014, 09:04
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