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# A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it

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22 Aug 2010, 07:24
vannu wrote:
A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it difficult to prove damage if there is a lack of some other doctor to testify about proper medical procedures.
(A) if there is a lack of some other doctor to testify
(B) unless there will be another doctor to testify
(C) without another doctor’s testimony
(D) should there be no testimony from some other doctor
(E) lacking another doctor to testify

(A), (B), (D) - conditional, contradicts "will" . (C) escapes this contradiction;and is concise.
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Re: A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2011, 00:54
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Two major flaws about options A B D & E

1 'there be' VS 'with(out)'

'there be' is pertaining to the confirmation of existence.
'with(out)' indicates the ownership.

Example:
#1 the cat will find it difficult to gorge the food without water.
#2 the cat will find it difficult to gorge the food if there is not water.

#2 suggests that there is no water at all.
#1 suggests that there might be some water, but the cat doesn't have it.

Another two examples:
#3 The 100 senators passed the bill without any objection.
#4 The 100 senators passed the bill, and there is no objection.

#3 means there is no objection from the any senator.
#4 means there is no objection at all, and all the citizens are glad with the bill.

Back to our question.
We need to know what the author wants to emphasise: there is not testimony at all, or the patient doesn't have the testimony? Apparently the latter one. so A B D are out

2 'to testify'

This logic subject of the verb 'testify' is ambiguous.
Let's consider the following example

#5 The patient lacks the skill to dance.
In #5, the logic subject of the verb 'dance' is 'the patient'.

So there are two ways to understand the option A B & E:
1st there is few doctor who will testify
2nd there is few doctor for the patient to testify
or there is a few doctor whom the patient will testify

With the flaw 1, we eliminate A B & D
With the flaw 2, we eliminate A B & E.
Only C left.

C is structurely different
from other options.
We can consider 'without another doctor's ttestimony' as an adverbial modifying 'to prove damage' (like #1). And other options are all adverbials modifying the main sentence. A B D are adverbial clause indicate the condition, while E indicates an accompanied action.
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Last edited by egoistwlv on 04 Nov 2011, 17:58, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it [#permalink]

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04 Nov 2011, 07:34
IMO-C
To my understanding "to Testify about" is incorrect.

Good explanation by egoistwlv.
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Re: A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it [#permalink]

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27 Dec 2011, 02:52
A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it difficult to prove damage if there is a lack of some other doctor to testify about proper medical procedures.
(A) if there is a lack of some other doctor to testify
(B) unless there will be another doctor to testify
(C) without another doctor’s testimony
(D) should there be no testimony from some other doctor
(E) lacking another doctor to testify

A and C are grammatically correct, but C is concise.
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Re: A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2013, 23:55
I think that 'about more fits with the 'testimony'
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Re: A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2014, 04:40
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vannu wrote:
A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it difficult to prove damage if there is a lack of some other doctor to testify about proper medical procedures.
(A) if there is a lack of some other doctor to testify
(B) unless there will be another doctor to testify
(C) without another doctor’s testimony
(D) should there be no testimony from some other doctor
(E) lacking another doctor to testify

A) "if there is a lack of" is just wrong. "a patient.. will find it difficult.. if there is a lack of.. some other doctor" is wrong. Besides, it's not the lack of a doctor that's the concern, it's another doctor's TESTIMONY that is needed. Any doctor CAN testify but we don't need the ability TO testify, we need an actual testimony. Two different things and the option distorts the intended meaning

B) "there will be" is wrong, again with "to testify". We're concerned with an actual testimony. A thing, a paper, a document, a statement... A NOUN. We're not concerned with an action (which the verb to testify implies).

C) YES. Here it is. The testimony. The "thing", the noun. This is what we're looking for. The option is concise and it isn't awkward.

D) This sounds like a perfect trap for certain foreigners (Im thinking people from India?), but for anyone with extensive exposure to american english, this one is clearly wrong. "should there be" is simply wordy and awkward.

E) This option omits the conditional "if", and thus distorts the meaning of the sentence. They want to tell us that "X will be difficult IF Y is not in place", but this option more or less simply states a weird fact.

C is clearly the right answer
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Re: A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2014, 05:28
Option A is wordy. It is not concise.
Option B uses the incorrect tense. In this case and many others, you cannot use 'will' twice.
Option D is wordy.
Option E is incorrect grammatical construction.
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Re: A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it [#permalink]

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16 Aug 2014, 11:02
RisingForceX wrote:
In my view, (B) is wrong.

After searching the usage of "unless" on the internet, then I found this example:

"Unless she hurries up, we won't arrive in time."

You'll see that it uses present simple tense in the unless clause, and uses future tense (will not) in the Then clause.

Then look at this problem, you'll see that it already uses "will" in the Then Clause. Therefore, it is not able to use future tense again in the Unless clause.

The same structure of If...Then is also in the MGMAT SC.

Fantastic point! While I did mark the correct answer, I spent a good amount of time deliberating on B, Eliminated it without really understanding the implications of unless
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Re: A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it [#permalink]

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30 Aug 2014, 04:58
C is precise. Should go for it in judgement day .
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Re: A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it [#permalink]

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20 Nov 2014, 05:25
A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it difficult to prove damage if there is a lack of some other doctor to testify about proper medical procedures.

(A) if there is a lack of some other doctor to testify - There is used to refer to existential places.
(B) unless there will be another doctor to testify - Same as A

(C) without another doctor’s testimony - Correct
(D) should there be no testimony from some other doctor - Wordy but grammatically correct
(E) lacking another doctor to testify - verb+ing lacking modifying adjacent noun damage.

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Re: A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it [#permalink]

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20 Dec 2014, 14:22
C.

meaning is clear in C. B is wordy. A is conditional which is not needed. D is illogical. E says damage is lacking.

vannu wrote:
A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it difficult to prove damage if there is a lack of some other doctor to testify about proper medical procedures.
(A) if there is a lack of some other doctor to testify
(B) unless there will be another doctor to testify
(C) without another doctor’s testimony
(D) should there be no testimony from some other doctor
(E) lacking another doctor to testify
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Re: A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it [#permalink]

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17 Jan 2015, 01:51
B can be used, if it can be changed to "there is" from "there will be". E is quite convoluted, and so is D. A contains "ä lack", which is incorrect construction.
C is concise and fits the rest of the sentence quite well.

The trick lies in selecting the closest answer as some of the alternatives are long, but not entirely incorrect.
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Re: A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it [#permalink]

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04 Apr 2015, 06:38
B is wrong, because we cannot use the future tense in 'if' clauses.
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Re: A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it [#permalink]

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04 Jul 2015, 09:27
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A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it difficult to prove damage if there is a lack of some other doctor to testify about proper medical procedures.

(A) if there is a lack of some other doctor to testify
(B) unless there will be another doctor to testify
(C) without another doctor’s testimony
(D) should there be no testimony from some other doctor
(E) lacking another doctor to testify

Meaning : A patient will find it difficult to prove damage because of lack of testimony from another doctor.

(A) i f there is a lack of some other doctor to testify
There should be lack of testimony about proper about proper medical procedures not lack of doctor

(B) unless there will be another doctor to testify
There should be lack of testimony about proper about proper medical procedures not lack of doctor

(C) without another doctor’s testimony
Correct as we are saying lack of testimony

(D) should there be no testimony from some other doctor
should can be conditional marker so there is no issue that should cannot be used.
But compared to option B, option D is verbose and there is no value add and also "about proper medical procedures" is a preposition and should modify "testimony" and not doctors. These is not a mistake but option B) is worded properly.

(E) lacking another doctor to testify
There should be lack of testimony about proper about proper medical procedures not lack of doctor
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Re: A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it [#permalink]

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05 Jul 2016, 05:44
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Re: A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it [#permalink]

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05 Jul 2016, 07:51
vannu wrote:
A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it difficult to prove damage if there is a lack of some other doctor to testify about proper medical procedures.
(A) if there is a lack of some other doctor to testify
(B) unless there will be another doctor to testify
(C) without another doctor’s testimony
(D) should there be no testimony from some other doctor
(E) lacking another doctor to testify

regarding a and b
serious problem with "doctor to testify". who do testify, it is the doctor but in the pattern "doctor to testify", doctor do not do testifying.
we can say, i need a doctor to testify this problem. in this sentence, I testify, and the sentence is logic.

the pattern NOUN TO DO , is complicated one which is explainced in some grammar books. i have to admited that we should know this pattern before can justify why a and b is wrong. this means this sc problem from og require a high level of grammar. this requirement go against the gmat rule: meaning is tested more than grammar.

in d, should is not used in conditional clause on gmat land. I am not sure of this.

hard one
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A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it [#permalink]

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03 Nov 2016, 23:00
what i think why "A", "B" and "D" is incorrect because the usage of word "there" which can only refer to "place" not anything else and in "c" and "e"."E" is modifying damage which is incorrect so i think option "c" is correct.If i am incorrect then please let me know. thanks
A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it   [#permalink] 03 Nov 2016, 23:00

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