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A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it

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Re: if [#permalink] New post 22 Aug 2010, 07:24
vannu wrote:
A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it difficult to prove damage if there is a lack of some other doctor to testify about proper medical procedures.
(A) if there is a lack of some other doctor to testify
(B) unless there will be another doctor to testify
(C) without another doctor’s testimony
(D) should there be no testimony from some other doctor
(E) lacking another doctor to testify



(A), (B), (D) - conditional, contradicts "will" . (C) escapes this contradiction;and is concise.
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Re: A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it [#permalink] New post 02 Nov 2011, 00:54
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Two major flaws about options A B D & E

1 'there be' VS 'with(out)'

'there be' is pertaining to the confirmation of existence.
'with(out)' indicates the ownership.


Example:
#1 the cat will find it difficult to gorge the food without water.
#2 the cat will find it difficult to gorge the food if there is not water.

#2 suggests that there is no water at all.
#1 suggests that there might be some water, but the cat doesn't have it.

Another two examples:
#3 The 100 senators passed the bill without any objection.
#4 The 100 senators passed the bill, and there is no objection.

#3 means there is no objection from the any senator.
#4 means there is no objection at all, and all the citizens are glad with the bill.

Back to our question.
We need to know what the author wants to emphasise: there is not testimony at all, or the patient doesn't have the testimony? Apparently the latter one. so A B D are out


2 'to testify'

This logic subject of the verb 'testify' is ambiguous.
Let's consider the following example

#5 The patient lacks the skill to dance.
In #5, the logic subject of the verb 'dance' is 'the patient'.

So there are two ways to understand the option A B & E:
1st there is few doctor who will testify
2nd there is few doctor for the patient to testify
or there is a few doctor whom the patient will testify

With the flaw 1, we eliminate A B & D
With the flaw 2, we eliminate A B & E.
Only C left.


C is structurely different
from other options.
We can consider 'without another doctor's ttestimony' as an adverbial modifying 'to prove damage' (like #1). And other options are all adverbials modifying the main sentence. A B D are adverbial clause indicate the condition, while E indicates an accompanied action.
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Last edited by egoistwlv on 04 Nov 2011, 17:58, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it [#permalink] New post 04 Nov 2011, 07:34
IMO-C
To my understanding "to Testify about" is incorrect.

Good explanation by egoistwlv.
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Re: A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it [#permalink] New post 27 Dec 2011, 02:52
A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it difficult to prove damage if there is a lack of some other doctor to testify about proper medical procedures.
(A) if there is a lack of some other doctor to testify
(B) unless there will be another doctor to testify
(C) without another doctor’s testimony
(D) should there be no testimony from some other doctor
(E) lacking another doctor to testify

A and C are grammatically correct, but C is concise.
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Re: A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it [#permalink] New post 27 Aug 2013, 23:55
I think that 'about more fits with the 'testimony'
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Re: A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it [#permalink] New post 05 Jan 2014, 04:40
vannu wrote:
A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it difficult to prove damage if there is a lack of some other doctor to testify about proper medical procedures.
(A) if there is a lack of some other doctor to testify
(B) unless there will be another doctor to testify
(C) without another doctor’s testimony
(D) should there be no testimony from some other doctor
(E) lacking another doctor to testify



A) "if there is a lack of" is just wrong. "a patient.. will find it difficult.. if there is a lack of.. some other doctor" is wrong. Besides, it's not the lack of a doctor that's the concern, it's another doctor's TESTIMONY that is needed. Any doctor CAN testify but we don't need the ability TO testify, we need an actual testimony. Two different things and the option distorts the intended meaning

B) "there will be" is wrong, again with "to testify". We're concerned with an actual testimony. A thing, a paper, a document, a statement... A NOUN. We're not concerned with an action (which the verb to testify implies).

C) YES. Here it is. The testimony. The "thing", the noun. This is what we're looking for. The option is concise and it isn't awkward.

D) This sounds like a perfect trap for certain foreigners (Im thinking people from India?), but for anyone with extensive exposure to american english, this one is clearly wrong. "should there be" is simply wordy and awkward.

E) This option omits the conditional "if", and thus distorts the meaning of the sentence. They want to tell us that "X will be difficult IF Y is not in place", but this option more or less simply states a weird fact.

C is clearly the right answer
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Re: A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it [#permalink] New post 05 Jan 2014, 05:28
Option A is wordy. It is not concise.
Option B uses the incorrect tense. In this case and many others, you cannot use 'will' twice.
Option D is wordy.
Option E is incorrect grammatical construction.
Option C is the answer.
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Re: A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it   [#permalink] 05 Jan 2014, 05:28
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